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Thursday, September 3, 2020

Sir Marmaduke de Thweng & Lucy de Brus

 47281180. Sir Marmaduke de Thweng & 47281181. Lucy de Brus

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

1222, Marmaduke born in England, s/o 94562360. Robert de Thweng & 94562361. Maud de Kilton.

~1223, Lucy born in England, 23641014. Peter de Brus & 23641015. Helwise de Lancaster.

By 1240, Marmaduke married Lucy.

1242, Robert de Thweng acknowledged his gift to his son Marmaduke of the manors of Lithum and Kilton, without the advowsons of the church of Lithum or the chapel of Kilton; which he used to dower Lucia de Brus, Marmaduke’s wife.

Bef. 1251, Marmaduke’s father died.

1251, Marmaduke demised lands in Kilton and Kirkleatham to the priory of Guisbrough.

1257, Marmaduke granted free warren in the demesne lands of Tuenge, Lyum, Kylton, Morsum, and Thorpe, a market at his manor of Lunt, and a fair; a market at Tuenge, and a fair; a market at Cotum, and a fair. (S) Hist. of York North Riding, V2, 1923, Kirkleatham.

1259, Marmaduke summoned against the Scots.

1259, Lord Edward (I) led King Henry III’s campaign against Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.

8/1/1260, Grant to Marmaduke de Twung of 40 marks … until the king provide for him in that amount yearly of land of wards or escheates. (S) CPRs.

1261, Marmaduke de Thweng a royal knight banneret. (S) Complete Peerage.

4/10/1262, Protection for Marmadukede Tweng, going on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostella.

1264, Marmaduke summoned to the king with arms. During the barons war, Marmaduke and Peter de Brus were aligned with the king. [Peter’s other 3 brothers-in-law were with the rebel barons.]

5/14/1264, Lord Edward (I) and his father King Henry III captured by Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Lord Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary. Sir Hugh le Despenser captured Marmaduke Thwenge. The Battle gave Montfort practical control of the government. [Peter de Brus was a surety for the release of Marmaduke after the battle.]

1264-65, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, effectively ruled England.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward [I] defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, Worcester, ending the Baron’s Revolt. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.

1267, Marmaduke de Thweng presented Robert de Thweng, clerk to the rectory of Kirkleatham. (S) Yorkshire Arch. And Topo. Journal, V7, 1882, P438.

8/21/1268, Acknowledgement by Walter de Faucunberg, knight, that he is bound to Robert de Brus, lord of Annandale, in £150, … for the ransom of his lands … through the foreiture of the said Walter in the time of the disturbance … for further secutity … sureties … Sirs Marmaduke de Tweng, … (S) CPRs.

1270, Marmaduke’s lands in Kilton and Kirkleatham, previously given to the priory of Guisbrough, restored.

9/18/1272, Lucy, sister & coheiress of Peter de Brus: To Lucia, who was married to Marmaduke de Thweng:- Danby, Lealholm, Yarm, Brotton, Skinningrove, Brotton and forest to the south of Skelton.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

5/26/1273, To Marmaduke de Tweng and Lucy his wife. … Walter de Faukenberge and Agnes, his wife, … partition late made in the king’s court of the inheritance of Peter de Brus’ between the said Walter and Agnes, Marmaduke and Lucy, and the other heirs and parceners, there was assigned to Walter and Agnes the castle of Skelton, … Marmaduke and Lucy have withdrawn a certain forest, … of Jarum … Marmaduke and Lucy daily cause them to be withdrawn by Robert de Tweng, their son, … contrary to the form of the partition, … orders Marmaduke and Lucy to permit Walter and Agnes to hold in peace … (S) CCRs.

1274, Marmaduke summoned against the Scots.

1275, Marmaduke de Thweng and his wife Lucia came to an agreement with Walter de Faucumbert and his wife Agnes [eldest paternal aunt of Lucia] over the advowson of the priory of Guisbrough.

1275, Marmaduke and Lucy living at Danby. (S) Hist. of York North Riding, V2, 1923, Danby.

3/24/1278, At the chapel of St. Peter in Kilton, Lucia de Thweng [granddaughter by son Robert] bapyized in the presence of Sir Richard de Thweng, Peter Mariscalus, Richard le Estyvor, Lucia, wife of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng, and her aunt Majory de Brus. (S) Cartularium Prioratus de Guseburne, Part 1119, 1889, P123.

1281, 3 fees of the barony of Brus, assigned in 1272 to another member of the family, were reassigned to Marmaduke de Thweng and Lucy his wife. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1915, P91.

6/12/1282, Walter de Huntingcumbe … owes … 10 marks … 60 marks … found as sureties Robert de Tweng, John son of Marmaduke, and Marmaduke de Twenge, … (S) CCRs.

1282, Marmaduke summoned against the Scots.

12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]

1284, Marmaduke de Thweng, d'nus de Daneby, (husband of Lucia de Brus), speaks of Marmaduke his son, and also of John de Tweng as another son. (S) Cartularium Abbathiae de Whiteby, Surtees Society, 1881, P376.

1284, Marmaduke died.

6/28/1284, Marmaduke’s granddaughter Lucy his heiress: “haeres Marmaduci de Thwenge” in the King’s custody. [Lucy, d/o son Robert (23640590) who was already deceased.] (S) The Archaeological Journal, V37, 1880, P186.

(S) Cartularium Prioratus de Gyseurne, V89, 1894, P100.

Family notes:

·         Marmaduke de Thwing and Lucy, daughter of Peter de Brus, held a moiety of the priory of St. Mary of Gisborough. (S) Religious Houses of Yorkshire, Lawton, 1853, P75.

·         10/6/1359, Inspeximus … letters … ordaining of Thomas de Thweng, rector and patron of the church of Lythom, … for the good estate of the said Thomas … Robert de Thweng, Maud, his wife, Marmaduke Thweng, Lucy, his wife, Marmaduke de Thweng, Isabel, his wife, Marmaduke, William, Robert, John and Nicholas, brother of the said Thomas, … (S) CPRs.

Children of Marmaduke and Lucy:

i. Robert de Thweng (23640590), born 1241 in England.

ii. Marmaduke de Thwenge (30417510), born ~1260 in England.

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