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Friday, September 11, 2020

William de Cassingham Esq. & Agatha ?

 20001288. William de Cassingham Esq. & 20001289. Agatha ?

~1180, William of Kensham born in England. [aka Willikin of the Weald.]

~1185, Agatha born in England.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.

5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.

1216-17, William led locals against the French invasion. William’s forces managed to cut off French supply lines from London, and French attempts to gain provisions from local villages. [See Family notes.]

10/19/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England. Louis of France also claimed the throne.

6/22/1217, The King informed the sheriff of Essex that he had given to William de Cassingham, a judge, his manor of Hatfield Regis, with appurtenances for his maintenance in his service  and to give him seisin (S) CPRs.

1217, William Marshal gave William of Kensham joint command of the forces that were outside of Dover.

1217, The King conceded 7 ‘Hundreds of the Weald’, part of the manor of Middleton to William.

1217, William in multiple records of King John.

12/18/1218, King Henry III informed the Abbot of Strafford that he has conceded to William de Cassingham £20,  and orders him to pay that amount out of the farm he owes yearly of £31 to William.

9/22/1219, Richard Parker gives the king the fourth part of 6½ m. for doing justice against William of Kensham, so that he renders to him those 6½ m. (S) Fine Rolls, H.III.

~1220, William de Casingeham witnessed a grant of Reynold de Bernevall to the abbot and convent of Battle. (S) Battle Abbey Archives, Box 8, 1162.

1220-21, William Kasingeham and others witnessed a grant by William of Siwell to St. Gregory in Canterbury.

1224, The King granted a fair at William’s manor of Halsnod on a Thursday in September.

10/19/1229, Grant to William and his heirs to receive out of the exchequer £10 yearly. (S) CChRs.

1233, William Cassingham acts as attorney for Ralf Poignant and his wife Agnes in a law suit against Theobald Shoppel. (S) CCRs.

7/10/1234, Mandate to the treasurer and chamberlains to cause William de Casingeham and his heirs to have at the Exchequer yearly 10l. granted to him for his faithful service. (S) CPRs.

1236, William de Cassingham paid aid for Keinsham manor with Orlovingden, holding of knight’s service, for the marriage of Isabel, the king’s sister. (S) Hist. of Kent, V7, 1798, Rolvenden.

Aft. 1236, William died. [Assumed by break in records.]

[––Agatha––]

1257, Agatha, late the wife of William de Casingham, in consideration of her service to King John and then King Henry, had simple protection for 7 years. (S) CPRs. [If she served in King John’s court, she would have been born by 1185.]

Agatha died.

Family notes:

·         Sean McGlynn, an academic at the University of Plymouth and the Open University, has amassed evidence suggesting Robin Hood is based on William of Kensham, a largely forgotten 13th century forest bandit, who went by the alias Willikin of the Weald. (S) 3/9/2013, The Telegraph.

·         About Willikin of the Weald: “He was a squire from Cassingham (today known as Kensham) in Kent during the time of the First Baron’s War (1215-1217), which was a civil war in England during which several prominent landowners and noblemen were split in their support for King John of England and the future Louis VIII of France, who had invaded England in a bid to seize the crown from John.” (S) Thevintagenews.com.

·         A monk by the name of Roger of Wendover wrote at the time that William, “a certain youth, a fighter, and a loyalist,” refused to give fealty to Prince Louis, and instead brought together a group of archers, 1,000 in total, as a guerrilla army. Just like the actions of the better-known Robin Hood, William and his group would attack the French as they moved through the forests of the Weald. William of the Weald was known to be quite brutal. Labeled an outlaw, he did not take any prisoners; any French soldiers who were captured or who surrendered would be killed. (S) Thevintagenews.com.

Child of William and Agatha:

i. William de Cassingham (10000644), born ~1210 in England.

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