Sunday, December 27, 2009

Bond 256 - John Bond the Immigrant

Bond family history in England
“Erth Barton”, the Ancient Ancestral Bond Estate is located close to Saltash in Cornwall on the Lyner river. Situated near the coast, the antiquity of Erth and its curious name, “Erth”( pronounced “Earth”) suggest it is “ancient,” and may have been there before the Conquest. Dotted over Cornwall are strange stone pillars and stone circles. Some may be the work of Pheonecians who around 1500-700 BC mined tin from Cornish mines. The “very” ancient ruin at “Erth”, a Phoenician word, is built in a large circumference with great stones heaped one upon another without mortar. It is also possible a “Norse” settled there, as they also used the Phoenician word “Bonde”. The first known Reference of a “Bond” in the UK was “Mertz Erin Bonde” in the year 568 AD. He may have been a “Norse”. Erth house was described by a Mr. Carew in 1610 as a ‘very ancient building’. Erth is said to be a “manor”, passed from a family of its own name to the name of  Bonde”. According to Burke, “The Family of bond were of great antiquity in Cornwall, and are said to have been originally at Penryn, but removed thence at a very early period to Erth, the Parish of St. Stephen, an estate they acquired in marriage with the daughter and heiress of a very ancient house which took its name from that place.”

The earliest English records is found in the Calendar of Patent Rolls of 1337, which lists lands bestowed to Henry de Erth, Knight, for services rendered to John of Eltham, the Earl of Cornwall, and brother of Edward II. The male line of Henry died upon the death of his descendent, Geoffrey de Erth, and the lordship passed to Robert Bonde, who had married Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress, about 1400. Richard, the eldest son succeeded Robert, and married in 1434 Agnes Maynard, a lady of noble lineage. Richard was succeeded by Thomas, and Thomas eventually by his 2nd son William, who died in 1529. William* eventually succeeded by his son Richard at Earth. John Bond I is believed to be a descendent of this Richard. Eventually a younger son of William*, Thomas, had a grandson Thomas who succeeded at “Holewoode”. The eventual heir of Holewood, Thomas, died in 1723 without children and left Holewood to his cousin Richard Bond of Tresunger, (who also died without heirs). This last Thomas indicated that his kinsman Richard might eventually become the heir of Barton of Earth, but in 1718 he was not in possession of the lands. In 1728, Richard Bond was in possession of “Holliwood”, but not Erth.

256. John Bond & 257. Elizabeth Pritchett [NC]


1696, Bath Co. NC established.
1701, John born in Cornwall, England, s/o 512. James Bond & 513. Susanna Wills.
~1702, Elizabeth born the d/o 515. Sarah Pritchett. (S) See Family notes.
3/8/1702, Queen Anne, d/o deposed James II, succeeded to the throne of England.
3/8/1705, Bath, NC became the state’s 1st incorporated town.
12/18/1707, John Bond married Sarah Tippet at St. Stephens by Saltash. (S) Cornwall OPC. [Likely an arranged marriage for “the heir”, and Sarah appears to have not survived.]
1710, John’s father died; John a minor. [At this time maintenance of the estate appears to have been put in the hands of a distant cousin, Thomas Bond of Holewood.]
8/1/1714, George I of Hanover [Germany] succeeded to the English throne as the closest Protestant relative of Queen Anne [Anne had more than 50 closer relatives – but they were all Roman Catholic and prevented from succeeding.]
~1718, John sought his fortune in the New World colonies in NC. [John is not found in Beaufort 1715 Corn List, or 1717 Land List, although other likely “Bond” relatives are.]
~1718 John married Elizabeth.
7/1/1720 - John Bond and wife Elizabeth of the Co. of Bath, Province of NC, bought 125 acres for £9 sterling, on the South side of the Pamlico river, on South Dividing Creek, from John Wallis Jr, s/o John516. (S) DB1, P414.
5/1722, Edenton Court, John appointed a Justice of the Peace of Beaufort and Hyde Precincts. [Both administered at Bath.]
1723, John Bond listed as a Freeholder eligible for jury duty in Bath, the seat of government at that time. (S) Beaufort Co., Reed, 1962, P226.
5/31/1726, Edenton Court, “John Bond” of Bath Town appointed Provost Marshall of Bath Co. (S) Extracted from Deed books in the Office of the Register of Deeds for Beaufort Co.
8/1726, John “Bonde” administrator of the estate of Thomas Boyd. (S) Rcds of Exec. Council, 1726.
3/29/1727, John granted 350 acres S. side of Pamlico River, … land formerly surveyed for Abraham Pritchett … “is now become due to sd. Bond”. (S) NC PB2, P227.
4/3/1727, John “Bonde” requests a “lapse payment” for uncultivated land. (S) Rcds of Exec. Council.
8/5/1728, John “Bonde” requests a “lapse payment” for uncultivated land. (S) Rcds of Exec. Council.
1/21/1730, John bought 565 acres from Barnabas Fleming. (S) DB2, P65.
3/24/1732, John bought 215 acres from George Ensuel. (S) DB2, P259.
6/9/1739, John bought 225 acres from Abraham Pritchett. (S) DB2, P301. By 1739 he had over 1235 acres. The location of the property is along what is now called South Creek, a tidal basin river. It splits creating a smaller creek now known as Bond creek. He owned land around all sides of both creeks.
3/11/1740, “George the 2nd” granted 100 acres to John Bond on the south side of the Pamplico river and south side of Dividing creek joining Thomas Sparrow. (S) Colony of NC Abstracts of Land patents, PB5, P127.
4/1745, John appointed Road Commissioner for the 2nd District of Beaufort Co. [Another commissioner was Abraham “Pritchard”.] (S) Beaufort Co., Reed, 1962, P165.
7/8/1749, John’s will, NC, Beaufort Co. (S) NC Hist. & Gen. Reg., V1, P181.
No.514:(S)1/09/1749, Will. – Note Elizabeth would still be alive when John died.
Bef. 7/8/1749, John died in Beaufort Co., NC.
(S) Bond Family and Southern Kin.

Family notes: John Bond I:
• Evidence pointing to John as a son of 512. James Bond. The initial evidence is the family “crest”, extant at one time, carved into the end of a walking cane of an early John Bond in America. It clearly shows the family descended from the Bond family of “Erth e hole” (Earth Barton and Holewood). The father, James Bond, was baptized at St. Stephens 6/13/1682. In 1699, James is still a minor when his father John Bond wrote his will. His father, John Bond, died in 1700. James, age 28, was buried 11/22/1710. John Bond I, assumed to be his son, would have been age ten at the time and not allowed to take control of the estate. At the time, the control of Earth Barton appears to have fallen to a distant cousin, Thomas Bond of Holewood, who eventually died in 1718 without heirs. James’ son John would then have been 18 years of age. It is plausible that he sold or transferred the lands to another cousin, Richard Bond of Tresunger (heir of Thomas of Holewood, who survived until 1723, when he died without heirs). Two years later, 1720, John Bond I appears in the records of NC. The naming of the children of John Bond I is also indicative of the England family – although the “historic” naming pattern was not specifically followed. 512. James was the son of John, son of James (a 3rd son). For multiple previous generations the first two sons were named John and William. The name of the 3rd son of John Bond, “Richard”, is the name of the progenitor of the “Erth e Hole” families. “Robert”, the 4th son, is not a Bond ancestral name, so it is likely tied to the maternal side of the family (although there is a Robert Bond living nearby in NC). By historical precedent the 1st daughter would have been named after the wife’s mother – Sarah; the 2nd daughter after the father’s mother, “Anna” for “Susanna”. The evidence is circumstantial but significant. The main counter-evidence is the moon symbol on the “crest” – which indicates Holewood by the 2nd line of Thomas, vs. the primary line of his elder brother William at Earth [their father Richard dying in 1553.]
• Identity of Elizabeth – Bef. 1734 Sarah Pritchett died and Robert was named executor of her estate – likely indicating he was her son-in-law. John Bond named his first daughter Sarah. In 1734 her son Abraham Pritchett was alive, but was young and not named the executor. Abraham was named the Executor of John Bond’s will in 1749 – again indicating a likely family relationship. Abraham named his daughters Sarah and Elizabeth, the name Sarah continuing to a granddaughter that married a s/o John. In 1790, Abraham Jr is living next to John Bond64, the grandson of this John. Multiple other family relationships can be shown.
• John had a cousin (see will) Martha (Barrow) Spring, b: 1720, d: 1790, married to Aaron Spring [who left his will in 1756.] This indicates either John’s mother was a Barrow, or he had an Aunt that married a Barrow. Aaron’s will was proved by Thomas Barrow, probably Martha’s brother. John Barrow was identified as Martha’s brother. 1738-1740 William Barrow was a provost marshall of Bath & Beaufort Co.’s, and his wife was named Elizabeth.
• “Robert Bond” is listed in the 1719 NC census of Beaufort Co. In 1723 he sold 50 acres on Broad Creek that he had purchased on or before 3/13/1721. His proximity to John Bond, his estimated age, and the fact that he arrives in the area at the same time as John indicates they were likely related.
• The Pritchett and Bond families remained close through Georgia and into MS. John Bond’s will was certified on the oath of Abraham Pritchet. John’s son James married Abraham’s granddaughter Sarah. Abraham Pritchet was executor of John’s son Robert’s will. Phillip Pritchett testified to the inventory of Lydia Bond on the death of John Bond II64.
• Beaufort Co., NC - Will of John Bond, 1749: NC, Beaufd Co.. In the Name of God Amen. I, John Bond, of the Co. afore said This Eight Day of Jul., 1749, being Sick and weak in Body, But of perfect mind and memory, thanks be to god therefore, Calling unto mind the Mortality of my Body and Knowing that it is appointed for all men once to Die, I Doe therefore make and ordain this my Last will and Testament, that is to Say, Principally and first of all, I give and Recommend my Sole into ye hands of god that gave it, and as for my Body I recommend it to ye Earth to be buried in a Christian Like and Descant manner, Nothing Doubting but at ye general Resurrection I Shall Receive the Same again through the mighty power of god; and as to touching Such worldly good wherewith it hath pleased god to Bless me with in This Life, I give and Devise in manner and form as follows: Viz, Item. I give to my son, William Bond, all that part of a Tract of Land yt. he now Lives on, that is, all on the west Side of ye middle Swamp of ye had of ye Creek, to him & his Heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Son, John Bond, the Remainder part of the said Tract of Land, from the middle Swamp of ye said. Creek on ye East Side, to him and his Heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Son, James Bond, all that Tract or parcel of Land Called Huddies, Likewise Lying on the said Side of Pamlico River; Likewise I give to my James Bond, all that Tract or parcel of Land Called Roberts, Lying on the north Side of South Dividing Creeks, to him and his heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Son, Robert Bond, this Plantation that I Now Live on, and all the Land that belongs to the said Plantation on this side of the Creek up to the Second Large Branch that Ruins out of the main Branch of the head of the Creek; and Likewise I give to my Son, Robert Bond, the one half of a Tract or parcel of Land that I have on the South Dividing Creeks that Joins to this said Plantation, and my Desire is the sd. Robert Bond Shall have the one half of the said Land next to and Joining to this said Land that I now Live on, the which Land after my Son, Robert Shall Come to Thirty years of age, I to him and his heirs for Ever, and my will and Desire is that the said Robert Bond Shall have the full use and profit of the said Land in the mean Time fully and absolutely in all Cases, Excepting making Sale of the said Land. Item. I give to my Son, Richard Bond, all the Land that now belongs to me over this Creek, which Land was formally Called: “Piners”; and Likewise what Land Is on this side of the head of this said Creek that above the Second great Branch as mentioned before which was Robert Bond Bounds; & Likewise I give to the said Richard Bond the other half of that Land below on the said Dividing Creeks Which Robert Bond had the one half of, the which said Land I give to the said Richard Bond and his heirs for Ever. Item. I Lend to my Loving wife, the use of this Plantation and house that I Now Live in and all the furniture in or belonging to the said house During of her Life, & Likewise I Lend to my wife the use of Two Negroes Viz: one Negro man Called Shippy, and one Negro woman Called Hannah, During of her Life. Item. I Lend to my wife the use of Ten Cows and Calves, & forty head of Dry Cattle, and half the Sheep that I now have, Excepting three During of her Life. Item. I give to my Son, James Bond, two Negroes, Viz: one Negro man Called Ned, and one Negro woman Called Sarah, to him and his heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Son, Richard Bond, one Negro Boy, Called Little Jack, to him and his heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Son, Robert Bond, one Negro Boy, Called Sam, and one Negro girl Called Airly, to him and his heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Daughter, Marey, one Negro Boy Called Domina, to her and her heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my Cousin, Martha Spring, one Negro man Called Jack, to her and her heirs for Ever. Item. I give to my son Robert Bond, Three Small putter Dishes & for puter Plates, two Deep ones & two Shallow ones, puter potter Bason, to him and his heirs for Ever. Item. My will and Desire is that all the Remainder of my Cattle, after my Death, Should be Equally Divided between my Children, Viz: James, Richard, Robert Sarah & Anna, & Marey, Excepting what I shall hereafter mention. Item. I give to my Cousin, Martha Spring, Two Cows and Calves, and Eight head of Dry Cattle, to be Delivered to her by my Exec: before there is any Division made, and Likewise I give to my Cousin, Martha Spring, one feather bed, & two Sheets, & two Blankets, & one puter Dish, & one puter potter Bason, and one pint puter Bason, & one pint porringer & two puter plates. Item. I give to my Son, James Bond, one feather bed & two Sheets & two Blankets. Item. I give to my Son, Richard, one feather Bed & two Sheets & two Blankets. Item. I give to my Son, Robert, one feather Bed & two Sheets & two Blankets. Item. I give to my Daughter, Anna, one feather Bed & two Sheets & two Blankets. Item. I give to my Daughter, Marey, one feather Bed & two Sheets & two Blankets. Item. I give to my son, John Bond, one Chest and one Looking Glass. Item. I give to my Son, William Bond, my Desk & one puter Dish. Item. I give to my Son, Robert my gun that I Commonly use. Item. I give to my Son, Richard, my Sword. Item. I give to my Son, Richard Bond, one Black mare. Item. I give to my Son, Robert, one Black Colt and I Leave my Bay horse Called “Buet”, for the use of the Sd: Plantation. Item. I give the use of my whipsaw Equally between my Sons Wm., John, James, Richard & Robert. Item. I give all my Carpenters Tools and Coopers Tools to be Equally Divided between my son, James & Richard. Item. I Leave my wife, ye use of all the hogs that I have to my wife During of her Life, & after he Death to be Equally Seared amongst my Children, James, Richard, Robert, & Sarah & Anna & Marey. And my will and Desire is that these two Negroes as I Leave the use of to my wife, Viz. Shippy and Hannah, Shall be Keep on this Plantation for the use of the Sd: Plantation till my Son Robert Shall Come to ye age of Twenty one Years, and as much Longer as my wife Shall Live, and I Leave my Son, Robert, and what I have given him under the Care of his Brother, James, but then if there Shall be any Complaint of misusage by him, Then I Empower any of his Brothers to take the Sd: Robert and what belongs to him out of the said James’s care, and my will and Desire is that my Son Robert Shall Come to ye age of twenty one years and my wife’s Death, that then these two Negroes aforesaid Shippy and Hannah Shall be Equally Divided my Children Viz: Wm:, John, James, Richard, Robert, Sarah, Anna, & Marey, and Likewise my Desire is yt. after my wife’s Death, that What Cattle, Sheep and Household Goods, She has the use of, be Equally Divided between James, Richard, Robert, & Marey and my Meaning is that my Daughters, Sarah & Anna Shall have an Equal Shear of the said Cattle which my has the use of; and my will and meaning is that if Either of my Children that is now unmarried Should Die without an Heir, then my meaning is that what I have here given him or them in this will, Shall be Equally Divided amongst the Survivors of my Children, Wm:, John, James, Richard, Robert, Sarah, Anna & Marey. And I Doe hereby Constitute and appoint my Son, William Bond, and my Son, John Bond, and my Son, James Bond, Executors of this my Last will and Testament.
John X Bond (Seal)
• Signed, Sealed, and Published, In the Presents of us, Interlined, before signed the word (or them) between ye 102 and 103 Line. Abram Pritchett, John Turner, Philip Pritchett, Joshua Pritchett Beaufort Co., September Court, 1749. Present His Majesties Justices: These are to Certify that the Last will and Testament of John Bond, late of the aforsd. Co., deceased., was proved in open Court by the oath of Abraham Pritchett, one of the subscribing evidences, who Saw that the other Subscribing evidence witness the Same; whereupon Wm. Bond, John Bond & James Bond, were herein named, Qualified according to Law. Ordered that the Secretary have notice thereof. Test. Josiah Prathex.
• Witnesses of his will include: Abram and Joshua Pritchett, both found in 1790 census; and Phillip Pritchett found in the 1794 tax rolls. The will also indicates that William, John, and James are old enough to witness the will.

Children of John and Elizabeth:

i. William Bond, born 1720 in Beaufort Co., NC
1740, William married Sarah ?.
4/16/1740, William witnessed a deed of Francis Stringer. (S) Craven Co., DB-1, P311.
(S) 1743 NC Census, Craven Co.
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will of his father.
(S) 1753 NC Census, Chowan Co.
(S) 1755 NC Census, Beaufort Co.
11/6/1757, William wrote his will; his brother James named executor.
By 12/1757, William died; will proved.
12/10/1762, Sarah Bond granted 640 acres at “Core Point” on the south side of Pamlico river, at the landing near the House and the Windings of the sd. River. (S) NC Land Grants, Hofmann, PB15, P469.
(S) 1764 NC Census, Beaufort Co. “Sarah Bond” widow; she has 5 black slaves.
(S) 1790 Census, NC, Beaufort Co., Newbern Dist. Sarah Bond.
Children:
Mary Bond, born ?.
John Bond, born ?.
William Bond, born ?.
Rebecca Bond, born ?.

ii. John Bond Jun. (128), born 1722.

iii. Richard Bond, born 1726 in Beaufort Co., NC.
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.
(S) 1753 NC Census, Chowan Co.
(S) 1755 NC Census, Beaufort Co.
(S) 1764 NC Tax Rolls, Beaufort Co.
1766 and 1767 sold parcels of his land to his brother Robert.
3/1769 he deeded land to Samuel Davis.
(S) 1786 NC Census, Gates Co.
(S) 1790 Census, NC, Gates Co. “Sr.”.
Children:
Richard Bond Jr, born ?. (S) 1790 Census, NC, Gates Co.

iv. Robert Bond, born 1728 in Beaufort Co., NC
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.
(S) 1755 NC Census, Beaufort Co.,
(S) 1764 NC Tax Rolls, Beaufort Co.,
4/20/1781, listed as a member Div 1 of the Beaufort Regiment of Militia.
Robert married Mary ?.
(S) 1790 Census, NC, Beaufort Co., Newbern Dist. 2m>16, 1m<16, 4f. The 4 females are probably Anna, Sarah, Polly and Mary.
(S) 1800 Census, NC, Beaufort Co. 1m>45, 1m:10-16, 1f:16-26, 1f:10-16, 2f<10.
4/20/1801,Will. Executor: Abraham Pritchett (Jr). (S) NC State Archives, 009, F394. Mary and all of the children except Nancy are mentioned.
1801 Robert died in NC; he lived in the family home on Bond Creek until his death.
Children:
John Bond, born 1784-1790. (S) 1790, 1800 Census.
Anna Bond, born 1784-1790. (S) 1800 Census.
Sarah Bond, born 1790-1800. (S) 1800 Census.
Polly Bond, born 1790-1800. (S) 1800 Census.
Pharebe Bond, born 1790-1800. (S) 1800 Census.
William Bond, born 1796. (S) 1790 Census.
1801, in his father’s will he is not yet 16.
He married Elizabeth ?, born 1811.
(S) 1850 Census, NC, Beaufort, South Creek, land valued at $700; 3 children.
Nancy Bond, born 1790-1800?.
Bef. 1801 she died. (S) Not mentioned in her father’s will.

v. Sarah Bond, born 1730 in Beaufort Co., NC
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.

vi. Anna Bond, born 1732 in Beaufort Co., NC
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.

vii. James Bond, born 1734 in Beaufort Co., NC
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.
~1755, James married Sarah Pritchett in NC; born 9/1738 in Beaufort Co., NC. [Likely d/o James Pritchett & Ann Hawkins.]
(S) NC 1755 Census, Beaufort Co.
1/12/1756, Sarah identified as a granddaughter in the will of Margaret Pritchett, wife of Abraham515ii.
(S) NC 1764 Tax Rolls, Beaufort Co.
3/1758, Ordered to be recorded in the Orphan book James Bond Exor. Of Wm. Bond moves by his atty. For a sale of the goods and chattles of the said decd. Whereupon is it ordered that the same be sold at public vendue on the second Saturday in Apr next and that same be advertised according to law. (S) Pameteco Tracings, 6/1993.
9/1758, John Bond and Rebecca Bond, Orphans of William Bond, dec’d. Prayed leave to chuse James Bond to be their guardian which is granted. (S) Pameteco Tracings, 6/1994.
1765, Michael Phillips, carpenter, to John Wallis, planter, (s/o No. 258) land the N side of S. dividing creek called Prices Neck beginning near mouth of the great branch and with James Bonds’ line.
10/19/1768, James wrote his will. (S) NC State Archives, Raleigh, 009, 1769, OWB/103, CTY.
~ 11/1768, James died in Beaufort Co., NC.
1/1769, Sarah died in Beaufort Co., NC.
Children:
James Bond Jr, born ?.
Abraham Bond, born ?.
Esbona Bond, born ?.

viii. Marey Bond, born 1734 in Beaufort Co., NC
No.256:(S) 7/8/1749, Will.

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