738714. Earl Thomas de Holand & 738715. Dame Alice Fitzalan
1350, Thomas de Hoylaunde born in England, heir & s/o 1477428. Thomas de Holand & 1477429. Joan of Kent.
1352, Alice born in England, d/o 2954972. Richard Fitzalan & 2954973. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet.
1360, Thomas age 10 at the death of his father.
4/10/1364, License for the king’s first-born son Edward, prince of Aquitaine and Wales, and Joan his wife, to grant to Thomas de Holande and Alesia daughter of Richard, earl of Arundel, … (S) CPRs. Thomas’ step-father [and father of his half-brother, future King Richard II], the “Black Prince”, enfeoffed Thomas and Alice with Yorkshire manors worth 500 marks annually.
4/12/1366, Whereas the king … lately granted licence for Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, to enfeoff the king’s son John, duke of Lancaster, … licence for the feoffees to grant to the said earl and Eleanor , his wife, daughter of Henry, late earl of Lancaster, … remainder to Richard de Arundell, the younger, and Elizabeth his wife, … successive remainder … to John brother of the said Richard, and to Eleanor his wife, … to Thomas, brother of the said John, … to Joan, countess of Hereford, sister of the said Thomas, … to Alesia, sister of the said Joan, … (S) CPRs.
3/1367, Thomas knighted by Edward, the “Black Prince”, at Vittoria.
4/3/1367, Thomas fought at the battle of Najera in Spain with the Black Prince. The English were supporting Pedro the Cruel of Castile, who was returned to the throne. An estimated 16,000 soldiers died in the battle.
1369, Alice Fitzalan, Lady Wake, cousin John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, paid £66.13s.4d. to look after his 3 young children after his wife Blanche died.
~1370, Thomas married Alice with dispensation for 4th degree; her dowry was 4000 marks.
11/1371, Alice still governess of John of Gaunt’s children.
3/1374, Thomas accompanied the Duke of Brittany to Saint Mahe, Brittany.
12/5/1375, Alice left her father’s “third best coronet” in her father’s will.
4/1376, Robes of the Garter delivered to Sir Thomas de Holand. Thomas made Knight of the Garter by King Edward III on the death of lord Mohun.
7/16/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.
Aft. 1377, Thomas councilor to his half-brother King Richard II, still a minor.
4/1377, 4/1378, Robes of the Garter delivered to Sir Thomas de Holand.
4/12/1378, Grant, … to Thomas Holand, the king’s brother, who has not sufficient to support his rank, of 200£ yearly … not to demand any fee or reward for the office of the keeper of the forests this side of Trent … (S) CPRs.
1378, Thomas served at sea in an extended invasion of France, landing troops at St. Malo. His annual grant was £200 yearly.
1379, Thomas a commissioner to settle infractions between England and Scotland.
By 1/12/1380, Thomas made Earl of Kent [likely with the assent of his mother.]
3/13/1380, Thomas sent to Gurnsey to inspect the castle. His income was up to £1000 yearly, and he was created marshal of England, succeeding John de Arundel who died at sea.
6/1380, Thomas charged with defending Southampton with 150 men-at-arms, 70 balisters, and 80 archers.
7/16/1380, Thomas 1st summoned to parliament as an Earl of Kent and Marshal.
1381-97, Thomas summoned to parliament.
10/31/1382, Joan, princess of Wales, duchess of Cornwall, countess of Chester and lady de Wake, held the manor of Woking in her demesne as of fee, and by her charter dated at Wallingford granted it to her son, Thomas de Holand, earl of Kent, and Alice his wife. (S) IPM of Alice, Sussex.
8/23/1384, The king granted the [Thomas] Earl of Kent the marriage of the Earl of March [Roger de Mortimer], rendering 1000 marks per year until 6000 marks were paid. It was agreed that the Earl would pay 500 marks per year of the arrears in equal portions, beginning at Easter in the king's tenth year (1387), until payment was satisfied. (S) UKNA.
11/20/1384, Thomas granted the custody and castle of the town of Cherbourg, France.
1385, Thomas accompanied the king on his expedition to Scotland.
1385, Thomas replaced as Marshall by Edward Courtenay, earl of Devon.
8/7/1385, Thomas given a bed in the will of his mother. (S) Testamenta Vetusta, V1, 1826, P14.
11/1385, Thomas sent to Calais, France to refortify the town against a possible French assault.
1391, “Thomas Holand, Earl of Kent and Lord of Wake …”. (S) UKNA.
1394, Thomas and his son Thomas accompanied the king to Ireland.
10/26/1394, Grant by Thomas de Holand, Earl of Kent, and Lord of Wake, to James de Roos, Knt. (S) UKNA.
1396, Thomas appointed Governor of Carisbrook castle for life.
12/1/1396, Complaint to the king ... Thomas de Holand Earl of Kent and Alice his wife, Joan Countess of Hereford, Peter Courtenay, ..., knights, ... unjustly desseised ... (S) UKNA.
4/22/1397, Thomas wrote his will. “...to Alys my wif and Thomas my sone al my catayl and godes moebles ... I ordeyne and make my wyf and sone aforsayd myn exectours.” (S) Med. & Tudor Kent Wills at Lambeth, Bk23, P266.
4/25/1397, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Kent, 6th Lord Wake died; buried at Bourne Abbey, Dorsetshire.
5/4/1397, IPM of Thomas de Holand, earl of Kent. Salop: ... He died on Wednesday in Easter week last. Thomas de Holand, aged 24 years and more, is his son and heir. ... York: ... manors of Kyrkebymoresheved, Butercrame and Cropton jointly with Alice his wife, who is still living ... Somerset: He held the under-mentioned manor and advowson with Alice his wife, who is still living in his demesne as of fee, to him and his heirs. ... (S) CCRs. [Many properties in many counties.]
9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.
3/17/1416, Alice died.
5/20/1416, IPM of Alice widow of Thomas Earl of kent. Huntingdon: She held for life in dower £50 yearly from the fair of St. Ives by the abbot of Ramsey. Edward III granted the fee farm to Edmund earl of Kent, his uncle [CChR 1327–41, pp.2–3] and from him it descended to Edmund his son, John his brother, then Joan princess of Wales, their sister and heir. Thomas earl of Kent was her son and heir. ... Alice died on 17 March last. ... (S) CCRs. [Many properties in multiple counties.]
(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P21. (S) Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Weis. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P472. (S) Memorials of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Beltz, 1841, P219.
· 12/1/1408, To the escheator in Yorkshire. Order to give Lucy who was wife of Edmund late earl of Kent livery of such of the lands etc. … the said Lucy who is guardian of the purparty of Edmund son of Eleanor late countess of March one of the daughters of Thomas earl of Kent and sister of the deceased earl, … William de Wylughby knight and Joan his wife duchess of York a second sister, … John earl of Somerset and Margaret his wife a third sister, … Thomas earl of Salisbury and Eleanor his wife a fourth sister, … John de Nevylle and Elizabeth his wife the fifth sister, … (S) CCRs.
Children of Thomas and Alice: [2 sons, 5 daughters]
i. Thomas de Holand, born ~1371 in England.
1392, Thomas married Joan Stafford, d/o 15211414. Earl Hugh de Stafford.
4/16/1399, Thomas named in the will of Richard II.
1399, Thomas, Earl of Kent, Duke of Surrey, Marshall of England, beheaded after an attempt to seize King Henry IV.
ii. Eleanor Holand, born ~1375 in England.
Eleanor married Roger de Mortimer, s/o 7605294. Earl Edmund de Mortimer & 7605295. Philippe of Clarence.
iii. Edmund de Holand, born 1/1382 in England.
7/1/1403, Edmund, earl of Kent, [still under age] to be granted the lands formerly held by his brother when of age, [the next year] with the exception of certain lands in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire, and the free court of Hay. (S) UKNA.
1408, Edmund died.
4/17/1424, IPM of Lucy widow of Edmund Earl of Kent. Essex: … of the inheritance of the following kin and heirs of the late earl: Joan duchess of York , wife of Henry Brounflet, chevalier , and one of the sisters and heirs of the late earl; Margaret duchess of Clarence , 2nd sister; Edmund earl of March, son of Eleanor, 3rd sister; Alice now wife of Richard Nevill, chevalier , and daughter of Eleanor who was the wife of Thomas earl of Salisbury , and 4th sister; and Ralph son of Elizabeth widow of John Nevill, chevalier , and 5th sister, Ralph being a minor in the king’s wardship. She died on 14 April last. The earl of March is aged 28 years and more, the duchess of York 40 years and more, the duchess of Clarence 36 years and more, Alice 17 years and more, and Ralph 17 years and more. Galias de Viscont is her brother and next heir and is aged 40 years and more. (S) MMC, E-CIPM 22-328.
v. Joan Holand, born ~1383 in England.
Joan 1st married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, s/o King Edward III.
8/1402-8/1404, Joan married 3802842. Lord William Willoughby [his 2nd.]
9/6/1410, Joan married 3rd Lord Henry le Scrope, Treasurer of England.
9/1415-4/1416, Joan married 4th Lord Henry Bromflete.
4/12/1434, Joan died.
vi. Margaret Holand (369357), born 1385 in England.
vii. Eleanor Holand (3802863), born 1387 in England. [2nd of the name]
viii. Elizabeth Holand, born ~1390 in England.
Elizabeth married John Lord Nevil, heir & s/o Ralph Nevil, 1st earl of Westmorland.