Thursday, June 3, 2010

G21: 1477128

1477128. Sir William Gascoigne & 1477129. Elizabeth Mowbray

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~1340, William born in Gawthorp, York, England, eldest s/o 2954256. William Gascoigne & 2954257. Agnes Frank.

~1340, Elizabeth born in York, England, d/o 2954258. Sir Alexander de Mowbray.

William educated at the University of Cambridge.

William transferred to the Inns of Court. [Both Grey’s Inn and the Middle Temple claim he attended.] William attended for 7 years, then was appointed an “utter barrister.”

William an advisor to John of Gaunt about concerns of the Duchy of Lancaster.

7/5/1361, Edward III granted to John Cort, chaplain, William Gascoigne and their heirs … in Thorpe by Scotton … (S) CPRs.

1373, William’s father entailed his lands in Harewood and elsewhere on his eldest son William, with remainder to his younger sons Nicholas and Richard.

Aft. 5/26/1380, Elizabeth, heir of her brother Robert. (S) CPRs.

Elizabeth died.

Bef. 1383, William hier to his father.

William married 2nd Joan, d/o William Pickering, and widow of Sir Ralph Greystock. [1 son, James Gascoigne of Cardington, Bedfordshire.]

7/14/1388, Appointment of William Gascoigne, one of the king’s justices of the peace in the county of York, to arrest … John Cresacre the elder, … (S) CPRs.

7/11/1390, Commission to William Gascoigne, … touching the petition … (S) CPRs.

7/10/1393, … and William Gascoigne, appointed justices for taking assizes, juries and certificates in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridge, Huntingdon and Bedford. (S) CPRs.

1396, William Gascoigne a justice of gaol-delivery … (S) CPRs.

1397, Richard II appointed William a King’s Serjeant.

9/1398, William named attorney for Henry of Bolingbroke who was about to “engage in single combat” with the Duke of Norfolk.

1399, William, as attorney for Henry Bolingbroke, now Duke of Lancaster, sued for his properties, and offered to do homage and swear allegiance in the name of the absent heir. [Henry had been exiled for 10 years.] William’s suit was denied; the crown seized the lands, and William was denied the right to represent Henry. [One of the charges used in deposing Richard II.]

1399, Henry returned from exile, deposed Richard II, and was elected King Henry IV. One of King Henry’s 1st acts was to name William Chief Justice of the Court of the King’s Bench, and conferred upon him the honor of knighthood. [Some records circumstantially indicated a later appointment, but yearbooks of the 1st year of Henry’s reign confirm the appointment.]

7/22/1403, Commission to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, Henry fitz Hugh, … William Gascoigne … to assemble all men in the counties of York and Northumberland to go with the king to resist Henry, earl of Northumberland, and other traitors, who have risen in insurrection. (S) CPRs.

1405, William refused King Henry’s request to sit in judgement and sentence to death Thomas Mowbray, son of the deceased banished Duke of Norfolk, and Richard le Scrope, the Archbishop of York, s/o Henry le Scrope (624684). William told the King he could not be given jurisdiction over the Archbishop, and that Thomas was a peer of the realm and had a right to be tried by his peers.

William had Prince Henry [future King Henry V] arrested for attempting to remove a prisoner from the court. [No documents exist to this event, but Sir Robert Catlyne, Chief Justice, and Sir John Widden, a Puisne judge, both cited the case.]

3/20/1413, King Henry IV died; King Henry V succeeding.

1413, William retired from the bench.

11/28/1414, grant to “Willaim Gascoigne, Knt., and allowance, during the term of his natural life, of four bucks and four does every year out of out Forest of Pontifract.”

3/22/1513, “Sir William Gascoigne, Knight, Chief Justice of our Lord the King, assigned to hold pleas before our Lord the King before the King himself.”

12/15/1419, a Friday, William wrote his will; mentioning both of his wives.

12/17/1419, William died; buried in the parish church of Harwood, near Gawthorp, Yorkshire.. (S) Will probated on 12/23, and he died on a Sunday.

(S) Publications of the Thoresby Society, V17, P131. (S) Some Historic Mansions of Yorkshire, V1, Wheater, 1888, P99. (S) Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V6, 1881, P372. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of England, V1, Campbell, 1849, PP124-142.

Family notes:
• “A pedigree of the family, engrossed on sixteen sheets of parchment, was in the possession of John Gascoigne, of Parlington, two hundred years ago [written in 1908] … (S) Publications of the Thoresby Society, V17, P131.
• The tomb of William and Elizabeth exists at Harewood House All Saints church, Yorkshire, in the care of the Redundant Churches Fund. William Gascoigne is depicted in his gown of office, with buttoned sleeves and a hoop framed purse. Paint traces suggest a scarelt robe lined with green. Elizabeth wearsa full wide sleeved gown with a high girdle, and is depicted in an elaborate headdress. Roses and leaves form a chaplet which passes over two side templar nets an a veil. Centred on the front of the chaplet is a pelican badge showing traces of gilding. Her feet rest on a little dog. (S) English Historic Churches. [Fuller fixed William’s death at 12/17/1412 by an inscription on the tomb, later found to be incorrect.]
• William, as Chief Justice, framed a statute where attorneys that had been convicted of any fraud were not allowed to make suit in the Court of the King.

Child of William and Elizabeth:

i. William Gascoigne (738564), born 1366 in England.

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