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Thursday, June 3, 2010

Baron Robert de Nevill & Joan de Atherton

1477140. Baron Robert de Nevill & 1477141. Joan de Atherton

1314, Robert born in Melling, Lancashire, England, s/o 2954280. Robert de Nevill & 2954281. Ida de Byron.

~1315, Joan born in England, heir & d/o 2954282. Henry de Atherton & 2954283. Emma ?.

1/24/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.

By 1335, Robert’s father died.

12/1/1335, Robert’s uncle John died, leaving his uncle Geoffrey as the family heir.

1336, Robert, age 22, heir to his uncle Geoffrey, receiving Hornby castle [Which he has inherited from his older brother John].

11/11/1336, Indenture whereby Robert de Nevill’ of Horneby leases to ... a messuage ... of Farneley ... (S) Yorkshire Deeds, V10, 2013, P60.

1341-43, Joan heir of her father to Atherton, Aintree, Oldham and others.

3/6/1337, Exemplification of a charter [dated 11/13/1229] … a grant to Hubert de Burgo, earl of Kent, and Margaret, his wife, … made at the request of Robert de Nevill, kinsman and heir of Hubert and Margaret, as the charter has been accidentally lost. (S) CPRs.

4/7/1337, Between Edmund de Nevill, chivaler, … manor of Middleton … in default to remain to Robert, son of Robert de Nevill, and his heirs. (S) Lancashire Fines.

5/30/1337, Robert de Nevyll of Horneby given protection for service in Scotland. (S) Cal. of Doc. Rel. to Scotland. [If Robert served, he was not with the King. King Edward the following November launched the 100-years War with the Battle of Cadzand, a Flemish island.]

2/10/1338, Robert de Nevyll of Horneby given protection for service in Scotland. (S) Cal. of Doc. Rel. to Scotland.

10/4/1341, Sir Robert de Nevill held the ‘town of Podryngtyon’ by the service of one knight’s fee, total rental being 13s. 7d. (S) The Publications of the Thoresby Society, 1908, P113.

2/25/1342, Sir Robert de Nevill, chivaler, summoned to parliament as a Baron. (S) Final Concords for Lancashire, Part 2, 1902.

1343, Baron Robert summoned to parliament. (S) The Dormant and Extince Baronage of England, 1807, P386.

Aft. 1343, Joan heir of her mother.

1/27/1344, “Debtor: Robert de Neville of Hornby, [Hang Wapentake, N.R., Yorks.], knight. Creditor: Sir William de la Pole, the elder, knight [merchant of Kingston-on-Hull, E.R.Yorks] Amount: £2000, on account of a loan.” (S) UKNA.

1344, Thomas Lungvylers [a cousin], chivaler, brought suit against Robert de Neville of Farnley, knight, in respect of the manor og Gargrave, Yorks, ... which William de Lungvylers gave to Bertha, d/o Robert de Markham in tail. (S) Year Books of Edward III, Pike, 2012, P261.

3/6/1345, Commission of oyer … on complaint of Robert de Nevill of Horneby, ‘chivaler,’ that … broke his park at Farneleye, … (S) CPRs.

1345, Robert de Nevill of Hornby alleged that his ancient market at Arkholme was being damaged by that at Lancaster, Lancashire.

4/1346, Robert son of Robert de Nevill of Horneby, chivaler, and Margaret his wife, quer., Robert de Nevill of Horneby, def., of the manor of Houton Lungevilers, to hold … remainder in succession to Geoffrey, Giles, Thomas, William, John, sons of Robert the elder, … (S) Feet of Fines for Yorkshire.

1346, Robert held one knight’s fee in Melling and Hornby.

1346, Robert claiming various lands as the right of his wife Joan, daughter of Henry, and granddaughter and heir of Hugh de Atherton of Hindley. (S) Aintree, A Hist. of the County of Lancaster: V3, 1907.

8/26/1346, Robert fought at the battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. (S) Crecy & Calais, 1898, P35.

1346, Robert returned to England before the siege of Calais.

9/18/1346, Commission of the peace, pursuant to the statutes of Winchester and Nortyhhampton, to Adam de Hoghton, Robert de Nevill, … (S) CPRs.

11/29/1346 at London, Debtor: Robert Neville, knight, lord of Hornby [in Melling, Lonsdale, Cartmell and Furness Wapentake] of Lancs. Amount £60. (S) UKNA.

3/27/1347, Debtor: Robert Nevill, knight, lord of Hornby [in Melling, Lonsdale, Cartmel, and Furness Wapentake] of Lancs. Amount: £66 13s. 4d. (S) UKNA.

4/15/1347, Between John, son of Robert de Nevill, of Horneby, knight, and Isabella his wife, plaintiffs, and Robert de Nevill, of Horneby, chivaler, and Joan his wife, deforciants … in Oldum [Oldham], and Glotheyk [Glodwick], and of … the manor of Shevynton. Robert and Joan granted … to John and Isabella; to have and to hold to them and to the heirs issuing of their bodies, of Robert and Joan and the heirs of Joan, … In default of issue of the said John and Isabella, to remain to John’s issue, in default to remain to Giles, brother of the said John, …, in default to remain to Thomas, brother of the said Giles, …, in default to remain to William, brother of the said Thomas, …, in default to remain to Geoffrey, brother of the said William, …, in default to revert to Robert and Joan and to the heirs of Joan. (S) Lancashire Fines: 21-24 Edward III, Final Concords for Lancashire, 1902.

1347, Robert at the siege of Calais, with 7 men in his contingent. (S) English Historical Documents 1327-1485, Myers, 1996, P497.

1/7/1348, 1. Walter de Nevill 2. Robert de Nevill of Horneby, knt., and Joan his wife, their heirs and assigns Walter grants to Robert all his lands and tenements, with all rents and services of free tenants and villeins, and appurtenances in Gayregrave, … (S) CPRs.

1/7/1348, Grant of Walter de Nevill to Robert de Nevill of Horneby, knight, and Joan his wife, their heirs … in Gayregrave … in the vill of Armelay, … at Farnelay. (S) UKNA.

1349-50, Melling Tatham was disturbed by a private war between Sir Thomas de Dacre (1477144) and Sir Robert de Nevill. Sir Thomas went to Arkholme with with ‘six evil-doers’ and assaulted Nevill’s servant; while Sir Robert assembled ‘an immense multitude’ of armed men at Hornby, ‘to the number of about 30’, and for half a year led them to waylay his adversary. Sir William de Dacre, by Sir Thomas’ request, came to Hornby Castle in manner of war, with men-at-arms and bowmen.

1349-50, “Indenture made between (1) Sir Robert de Nevill' de Horneby, knight and (2) Hugh de Brereley and Maud his wife, by which Sir Robert grants the manor of Brierley to Hugh and Maud for the longer of their two lives and 20 years after.” (S) UKNA.

2/1/1350, Thomas de Dacre [accused] broke into Hornby Park, beating the park keeper, Richard Webbester, and threatening his life.

7/1/1350, Thomas de Dacre, chivaler, came to Hornby Castle with 20 men at arms and about 20 bowmen to the terror of the people.

7/6/1351, The tenent in chief of Hornbey Castle transferred from Robert de Nevill to Henry, duke of Lancaster. [Robert had mortgaged property to Henry for a loan of £140. (S) The Black Prince, Jones, 2018, P157.

7/1352, Enrollment of indenture testifying that Robert de Nevill of Horneby, knight, has released to Henry duke of Lancaster the manors and castle of Horneby and Mellyng to hold for the duke’s life, rendering a rose yearly at Midsummer to Robert … after the duke’s death Robert may freely enter the castle. (S) CCRs.

8/18/1354 at London, Debtor: Robert Neville, knight of Hornby, and John Devenish, citizen and tailor of London. Amount: £235 3s. (S) UKNA.

10/21/1354, Debtor: Robert de Neville of Hornby, knight, [of Hang Wapentake, N.R.Yorks] Creditor: John Courtray, citizen and fishmonger [merchant] of London. Amount: 100m. (S) UKNA.

9/8/1355, The Black Prince left from Plymouth for France as his father had appointed him Lt. of Aquitaine.  Robert was master of the horses of the Black Prince with an annunity of 100 marks. Upon landing they moved to Bordeaux. (S) The Black Prince, Jones, 2018, P157.

11/2/1355, King Edward III landing in Calais, proceeds on raids into Pas de Calais, Artois and Picady.

9/19/1356, Edward, the Black Prince, defeated a larger French and allied army led by King John II of France, leading to the capture of the king, his son, and much of the French nobility. Robert [the son] made a knight by the Black Prince.

9/19/1356, Battle of Poitiers in France. Edward, the Black Prince, defeated a larger French and allied army led by King John II of France, leading to the capture of the king, his son, and much of the French nobility.

10/1359, France repudiated the previous treaty. King Edward marched from Calais. The French were unwilling to meet Edward in battle, his sieges of Reims and Paris were unsuccessful.

3/23/1361, Robert again in possession of Hornby castle.

5/20/1362, Robert lost possession of Hornby castle to Michael de la Pole, to hold for 3 years, unless Robert “clears his debts.”

5/24/1362, Pardon to Robert Nevill of Horneby, ‘chivaler,’ of his outlawries in the county of York for non-appearances before the justices … (S) CPRs.

10/23/1362, Robert again in possession of Hornby castle.

10/23/1362, Sir Robert the elder released to his son Robert the younger all his right and title in the castle and manor of Hornby and Melling, with the soke, also knights’ fees, advowsons, free courts, parks, &c., and lands in Arkholme, Wray and other places.

4/30/1363, Sir Robert de Nevill of Hornby the younger, son of Robert de Nevill, chivaler, and Margaret his wife occur in a settlement of the castle of Hornby and manor of Melling. (S) Lancashire Fines.

Robert died. [Assumed by end of records of ‘younger’.]

(S) Townships: Hornby, A Hist. of the County of Lancaster: V8, 1914. (S) The Castle Community, Rickard, 2002, P281.

Child of Robert and Joan:

i. Robert Nevill (738570), born ~1335 in England.


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