184692. Duke John Howard & 184693. Katherine de Moleyns
1420, John born in England, s/o 369384. Robert Howard & 369385. Margaret Mowbray.
~1420, Katherine born in England, d/o 369386. Sir William Moleyns & 369387. Margery ?.
Bef. 4/14/1436, John’s father died.
1440, John 1st married Catherine.
1451, John accompanied Lord L’isle to Guienne, France.
7/17/1453, John at the battle of Chatillon, France, in service to John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. The French imployed a new “rock launcher” and decisively defeated the English, ending the 100 years war. John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, died in the battle.
1455, John elected Knight of the Shire for Norfolk.
3/16/1461, Sir John Howard met up with Edward [IV] at Cambridge, arriving from the abbey of Bury St Edmunds where he had received £100 in support of Edward.
3/29/1461, John, a Yorkist, knighted at the battle of Towton by Edward [IV], a Yorkist victory. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle between Towton and Saxton in Yorkshire. Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage. [King Henry and Queen Margaret fled to Scotland.]
6/28/1461, Edward IV, age 19, crowned King of England.
1461, John appointed Constable of Colchester Castle, Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk; and one of the King’s Carvers. John was also appointed to the King’s council, a small select group of advisors.
8/1461, John involved in a brawl with John Paston, and used his influence with Edward IV against Paston.
11/1461, John imprisoned after giving offence at the election of Paston.
1462, John appointed Constable of Norwich Castle and received grants of several manors forfeited by the Earl of Wiltshire. He was joined by William Neville, Baron Fauconberg and Lord Clinton to “keep the seas”, taking Croquet and the Isle of Rhe.
1464, John helped Norfolk (John Mowbray) secure Wales for Edward IV; bought the reversion of Bamburgh Castle; and was with Edward IV and his court at Reading.
11/3/1465, Catherine died at Stoke Nayland, Suffolk.
1466, John appointed Vice Admiral for Norfolk and Suffolk; and was in Calais part of the year.
Bef. 1/22/1467, John married 2nd Margaret, d/o Sir John Chedworth, widow.
4/1467, John elected Knight of the Shire for Suffolk.
11/1467, John appointed Envoy to France; and Treasurer to the Household [held until 1474.]
6/1468, John attended Margaret of York to Flanders for her marriage to Charles, Duke of Burgundy.
7/26/1469, Edward IV’s army was defeated at the battle of Edgecote Moor by the the earl of Warwick, who had put Edward on the throne, but was in rebellion.
10/1469, John with other magnates who supported Edward IV were secretly summoned to join him at York. From York over 1000 mounted men followed the King to London.
3/1470, John Howard and Lord Rivers took forces to Southampton and captured all the vessels of Warwick in the port including the Trinity.
10/15/1470, John created Baron de Howard by writ of summons.
10/30/1470, King Henry VI restored to the throne by the forces of Warwick. John took refuge at Colchester.
3/1471, John supported Edward IV’s return from exile to become King.
4/1471, John emerged from Colchester to join the forces of Edward IV moving on London.
4/11/1470, John with the forces of King Edward IV entered London where the Archbishop of Cantebury deposed King Henry VI.
4/14/1471, John badly wounded at the battle of Barnet. North of London, Kind Edward IV defeated and killed Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, “the Kingmaker.” A heavy fog limited visibility. A combined total of 1000 knights died. Both handguns [relatively new] and cannon were used during the fight.
5/4/1471, Edward IV defeated the forces of Henry VI at the battle of Tewkesbury to regain the throne of England. [Edward, Prince of Wales, age 18, was killed in the assault. The only heir-apparent of England to die in battle.]
6/1471, John appointed Deputy Governor of Calais.
7/1474, John with Edward IV in his invasion of France. After the truce of Amiens, John received a pension from Louis XI and remained in France, briefly, as a hostage. On his return to England, John was granted manors in Suffolk and Oxfordshire forfeited by John de Vere, Earl of Oxford.
4/26/1477, Thomas Falstolf esquire, … of Nacton co. Suffolk, …, to John lord Howard, Thomas Howard esquire, … Release and quitclaim of all his rights in the manor of Oulton … (S) CCRs.
1477-79, John sent to France on multiple trips.
11/19/1479, John Howard granted a market and fair at Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.
1481, John coheir to his cousin Anne Mowbray; heiress & d/o John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk.
1482, John as Lord Howard was a member of the “old nobility” which opposed the Woodvilles and the Queen. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P177.
11/15/1482, John summoned to parliament.
4/19/1483, John carried the king’s banner at the funeral of Edward IV, pledging allegiance to Richard III. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P179.
5/13/1483, John appointed High Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster and a Privy Councillor. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P185.
6/28/1483, John created Duke of Norfolk and Earl Marshall of England. [Anne Mowbray, only d/o John, Duke of Norfolk, died before consummation of her marriage to the Duke of York. The title went to her closet relative, John Howard.]
7/6/1483, Richard III crowned King of England. John acted as High Steward, bore the crown, and as Earl Marshall was the King’s Champion.
1483, John persuaded Elizabeth Wydville [Woodville] to let the young Duke of York join his brother Edward V in the Tower.
By 9/1483, Edward V and his younger brother were “put to silence in the Tower of London.” (S) Entry by Robert Ricart, Recorder of Bristol. [John was possibly involved in the murder of the two princes.]
9/12/1484 at Nottingham, John appointed Chief of Commissioners to negotiate with James III of Scotland.
8/22/1485, John commanded the vanguard in the battle of Bosworth in Leicestershire; killed in the battle; buried in the conventual church at Thetford, Norfolk. In the battle, Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, after invading southwest Wales, raised an army of 5,000. John, in the forces of Richard III, was also allied with the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Northumberland and an army of 10,000. Thomas Lord Stanley and his brother William commanded 6,000 reserves. The Stanley’s turned to support Henry. Northumberland did not engage other forces. The Yorkist were overwhelmed. Richard III and the Duke of Norfolk were killed. Richard’s royal crown was placed on Henry’s head. This battle ended the 30-year War of the Roses.
1494, Margaret died; buried at Stoke Nayland.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P438. (S) The History and Antiquities of Boston, Thompson, P373. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995.
Children of John and Catherine:
i. Thomas Howard (92346), born 1443 in England.
ii. Anne Howard, born ? in England.
Anne married Edmund Georges.
iii. Isabel Howard, born ? in England.
Isabel married Sir Robert Mortimer.
iv. Jane Howard, born ? in England.
Jane married Sir John Timperley.
v. Margaret Howard, born ? in England.
Margaret married Sir John Wyndham.
Children of John and Margaret:
ii. Katherine Howard, born ? in England.
Katherine married Sir John Bouchier, 2nd Lord Bouchier, stepson of her brother Thomas.
Children: Jane Bouchier, born ? in England. She married Sir Edmund Knyvet, gs/o Katherine’s half-brother Thomas.
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