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Thursday, November 18, 2010

Baron John Wake & Lady Joan de Fiennes

5909718. Baron John Wake & 5909719. Lady Joan de Fiennes

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]

~1275, John born in Northamptonshire, England, heir & s/o 4997404. Baron Baldwin Wake & 4997405. Hawise de Quincy.

~1275, Joanna, born in Bolonois, France, d/o 4997434. William de Fiennes & 4997435. Blanche de Brienne.

2/4/1282, John’s father died.

5/20/1282, Commitment … to Master Henry de Bray, …, of the manor of Skeldinghop late of Baldwin Wake, tenant in chief, in the king's keeping by reason of John, his son and heir, a minor in the king's ward. (S) CFRs.

7/20/1282, Appointment … manor of Blichesworth, co. Northampton, … reason of minority of John son and heir of Baldwin Wake, tenant in chief, … (S) CPRs.

10/27/1282, Baldwin’s heir John a minor, the king granted custody of the lands in Northamptonshire to Edmund, Earl of Cornwall.

10/20/1283, … John de Boscehale, tenant in chief of John Wake, the king’s ward ; … (S) CPRs.

By 3/1284, John’s mother died.

5/8/1285, Grant to Eleanor, the king’s mother, of the custody, during minority of John, son and heir of Hawisia, of the manor of Wynterburne [and Warre], late of the inheritance of Hawisia, late the wife of Baldwin Wake. (S) CPRs.

11/15/1288, Protection for John Wake, now on his way to the king in Gascony, until a fortnight after Michaelmas. (S) CPRs. [King Edward and Eleanor were residing in Gascony, the 2nd year of a 3-year trip.]

1289-90, Joan a damsel in the Queen’s household; and a relative of Marguerite of France [who in 1299 became the 2nd wife of Edward I].

[––John & Joanna––]

1291 in Kent, England, Joanna married John, Lord of Wake, Baron of Liddel Strength, Cumberland and Bourne, Lincolnshire.

9/24/1291, Grant to Joan wife of John Wake of the marriage of Thomas son and heir of Robert de Greylly, tenant in chief, to the use of one of the sisters of the said John. (S) CPRs.

1291-92, John, son and heir of Baldwin Wake, gave Hugh Wake, his brother, the manor of Winterborne Stoke, Wiltshire. (S) The Ancestor, 1902, P112.

7/10/1292, Order to cause Joan, wife of John Wak, to have in that forest 10 live bucks and 10 live does, of the king's gift. (S) CCRs.

1292, John holding the market and fair at Liddel, Cumberland, previously held of John de Stuteville. [John was the heir of his cousin John de Stuteville. John’s maternal grandmother was Joan de Stuteville.]

11/25/1293, Debtor: John Wake, knight, lord of Liddel {Lydel} [Cumberland]. Amount 230m. Before John Breton, Warden of London. (S) UKNA.

5/30/1294, Grant. 1) John Wake, lord of Lidel & Chestrefeld. 2) His men of C., holders of burgages. (1) to (2) enjoyment of same liberties and free customs they had from Wm. de Brewer, sen., predecessor of (1), confirmed by Hen. III & Wm. le Brewer jun. [Original grant to Sir William Briwere, Justiciar of England, in 1220. Sir William was John’s paternal grand uncle.]

9/1294, John granted the manor of Buttercrambe [North Riding, Yorkshire] to Walter de Langton, bishop of Chester. (S) UKNA.

1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.

10/10/1294, Licence for John Wake, going to Gascony on the king’s service, … (S) CPRs.

11/1294, The English began an unsuccessful 10-day siege of Bordeaux [Captured 1/1295]. They then went upstream and captured Rions, Podensac and Villeneuve, then back to Bordeaux.

1/1295, John had possession of all of his lands.

10/1/1295, John summoned to parliament by writ. (S) The Book of Dignities, Haydn, 1851.            

11/12/1295, John, a banneret, proceding to Wales in the King’s service, John de Wasteneys of Staffordshire in his retinue. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, 2008, P66.

3/30/1296, King Edward invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.

4/4/1296 at Berwick, James de Stafford brought a suit against Robert de Umfraville, of the company of John Wake. (S) A Plea Roll of Edward I’s Army in Scotland.

4/27/1296, John with the English forces at the battle of Dunar, a victory for King Edward I.

8/22/1296 at Berwick upon Tweed, Scotland, The noble men the Lords John earl of Warenne, Roger earl of Norfolk, William earl of Warwick, Patrick earl of Dunbar and March, and Gilbert earl of Angus, Lords John de Hastings, John Wake, Hugh le Despenser, …, barons, witnesses, having been specially called in person … came to the full parliament of the lord king of England … [to revocate any previous agreements between Scotland and King Philip IV of France.]

1297, John, Captain of the March of Scotland.              

1297, John Wak (Wake); Joan [Wak (Wake)], wife of John Wake; Reginald Wyckewane, keeper of the manor of Deeping, named in a petition of the Prior of Spalding. (S) UKNA.

10/18/1297, Appointemnt of John Wake, Robert de Clifford and John de Hudleston, as captains of the custody of the march of Scotland in the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland. (S) CPRs.

1/27/1298, Application by Sir John Wake for protections for 13 of his followers (named) going to Scotland. (S) UKNA.

6/7/1298, Pardon, at the instance of Juliana [Joan], consort of John Wake, to John son of Stephen de Cotingham … (S) CPRs.

7/22/1298, John fought in the victory at Falkirk against William Wallace with arms bearing “Or two bars gules in chief 3 toroteaux.” The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

9/12/1298, Confirmation of a quit-claim by John Wake, lord of Lydel, son and heir of Baldwin Wake, tenant in chief, to William fitz Alan of the manor of Suthhicham, … (S) CPRs.

1/5/1299, Grant, in fee simple, … to John Wake and Joan, his wife, of the manors of Cotingham, Wnenton, Kirkeby Moresheved, Aton, and Hemelingotn, in the county of York, … and of the manors of … co. York, which Leticia Wake holds in dower of the inheritiance … (S) CPRs.

11/1/1299 at St. Albans, Release by Amadeus, count of Savoy, to the king … Witnesses: Sir Robert, archbishop of Canterbury; … Edmund, earl of Cornwall; John de Warenna, earl of Surrey and Sussex; Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, constable of England; Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk, marshal of England: Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln; Thomas, earl of Lancaster; Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick; Robert de Ver, earl of Oxford; Aymer de Valencia and Henry de Lancastria, the king's kinsmen; John Wak, John de Hasting', Hugh le Despenser, and John de Sancto Johanne, knights. (S) CCRs.

1300, John died.

4/10/1300, Writ for IPM of John Wake. Cumberland: Lidel. The manor, with its members … Stubhill. Where were many manses and tenants who have been slain by the Scots and the town burnt. … Eston. … it is burned and no one inhabits it … Thomas his son, aged 2 years at Mid-Lent last, is his next heir. [lots of properties held in cornage] … (S) CIsPM.

[––Joan––]

6/7/1300, Joan, late the wife of John Wak, tenant in chief, did fealty to the king, on Tuesday before St. Barnabas, at Pontefract for all the lands that John lately surrendered to the king and of which the king afterwards enfeoffed John and her, and she took oath there that she would not marry without the king's licence; and the king, in consideration of the tender age of Thomas, son and heir of John, delivered him to Joan for custody, on condition that she should always have him ready to deliver to the king at his will. (S) CCRs.

11/15/1302, Licence for Joan, late the wife of John Wake, for the discharge of the debts of her husband, to demise for 6 years to whomsoever she will her manor of Deping, … (S) CPRs.

9/8/1304, Joan granted a weekly market at East Deeping, Lincolnshire at the instance of Queen Margaret.

2/12/1307, Commission … on complaint of Joan, late the wife of John Wake, that whereas in her fee at Upsale, co. York, she caused beasts to be impounded by Wlliam de Malton, her serjeant, for customs and services due to her, … (S) CPRs.

2/16/1307, Joan, late the wife of John Wake and Thomas, son and heir of the said John and the heirs of the said John, granted a market and fair at Arthuret, Cumberland.

9/12/1307, Writ of Edward II from Berwick-on-Tweed to the sheriff of Roxburgh concerning dower of Joan, late the wife of John Wake in Liddesdale with return endorsed. (S) UKNA.

11/12/1307, Licence, at the request of Joan, late the wife of John Wake, to John, their son, to acquire land to the yearly value of £100. (S) CPRs.

3/1/1308, Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wygemore, Margaret late the wife of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, Joan late the wife of John Wak, and Philip ap Howel acknowledge that they owe to Philip de Kyme 1,000 marks. (S) CCRs.

11/15/1308, Joan, late the wife of John Wake, and her son Thomas granted a fair at Bourne, Lincolnshire.

8/5/1309, Joan had letters of protection for going beyond the seas. (S) CPRs. [Born in France, Joan made multiple trips overseas.]

Bef. 10/26/1309, Joan died. (S) CPRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P467. (S) Blisworth, A Hist. of the Co. of Northampton, V4, 1937. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

Family notes:

·         John had 2 sons that succeeded him as baron, both dying without issue. (S) Northamptonshire Notes & Queries, V2, 1888.

·         John enfeoffed his uncle Sir Hugh Wake of Deeping in the half fee in Blisworth, reserving to himself the advowson of the church and an annual rent of £10 from the manor.

Children of John and Joan:

i. Thomas Wake, born 3/1297 in England.

4/12/1310, … lands in lydel, formerly held by Joan, late the wife of John Wake. This custody … during the minority of Thomas son and heir of John Wake, … (S) CPRs.

1317, Thomas, 2nd Lord Wake of Liddel Strength, Cumberland, married Blanche, d/o Earl Henry de Lancastre.

1326, Thomas an advisor to Queen Isabella and King Edward III.

5/3/1349, Thomas died.

ii. Margaret Wake (2954859), born by 1300 in England.

iii. John Wake, born ? in England.


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