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Friday, July 22, 2011

Earl Richard Fitzalan & Countess Alice Saluce

11819888. Earl Richard Fitzalan & 11819889. Countess Alice Saluce

2/3/1266, Richard born in Ireland, s/o 23639776. John Fitzalan & 23639777. Isabel de Mortimer.

~1268, Alice born in Piedmont, Italy, d/o 23639778. Tommaso I, Marchese di Saluzzo & 23639779. Aluisia de Ceva.

3/1272, Richard age 6 when his father died, was placed under the guardianship of Roger de Mortimer; succeeding as lord of Clun and Oswestry.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

7/1277, Muster rolls for the war in Wales identify Richard fitzalan, in wardship, as possessing Clun, S.W. Salop; and Oswestry, N.W. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I.

7/29/1278, Appointment of Henry de Novo Burgo to the custody, as he is enjoined, of the castle and honor of Arundel, which are of the inheritance of Richard son of Alan, a minor. (S) CPRs.

[––Richard & Alice––]

11/1281, Richard married Alice. Queen Eleanor, wife of Henry III, helped arrange this marriage. Alice was a kinswoman of Eleanor.

4/22/1283, Appointment of the abbot of Vale Royal to the custody, during the minority of Richard son of Alan, of the manor so Burne and Stanstede, co. Sussex, in the king’s hands by the death of Isabella de Albianaco, sometimes countess of Arundel [w/o Earl Hugh D’Aubigny, d/o Earl William de Warenne & Matilda Marshall]. (S) CPRs.

1283, Richard paid 2000 marks for his sister Maud to marry Philip Burnel.

6/2/1285, Mandate to Isabella [de Mortuo Mari, Richard’s mother] to deliver the castle and honor of Arundel … to R. bishop of Bath and Wells, … to the use of Richard son of Alan, heir of the said castle and honor. (S) CPRs.

8/1/1285, Richard le Fitz Aleyn granted a fair at the manor of Arundel. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

11/14/1287, Richard ordered to raise 400 foot soldiers to march against Rhys ap Meredith; but to reside on his lands in Wales until the rebellion was quelled. [King Edward was on an extended stay in Gascony. A similar writ was executed the next year.]

12/8/1287, Richard had seisin of his lands, and the title and honour of the castle of Arundel.

1289, Richard knighted and created Earl of Arundel [received the sword of the county of Sussex].

1292, Richard, earl of Arundel, summoned to answer to the King about property in Shropshire.

9/25/1292, Alice died; buried at Todingham Priory.


1292, Richard in a dispute over hunting rights in Hoghton forest with G. bishop of Chichester.

8/27/1294, Licence for Richard son of Alan, earl of Arundel, … going to Gascony on the king’s service, … (S) CPRs.

10/27/1294, Richard, by writ, the commander of forces sent to relieve Bere castle [Wales], along with Fulk fitz Warin, Roger l’estrange, Bogo de Novol, and Peter Corbet. [King Edward was involved in a long war to protect lands in Gascony from Philip IV of France.] (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, P252.

6/24/1295, Richard summoned to parliament.

1295, Earl Richard obtained a patent authorizing him to fortify the town of Arundel. Richard also constructed several buildings at the castle, including a new entrance to the keep, the Well Tower, and the barbican.

1295, Fulk fitz Warin accused Richard, earl of Arundel, of ravaging his lands at Whittington.

11/8/1295, Order to Gilbert de Clare (4997382), earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to take into the king's hand all lands and goods of all alien religious of the power of the king of France in his liberty of Glamorgan … the like to … Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, H. de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex, R. (11819888) earl of Arundel, J. de Hastinges (5910050), Edmund de Mortuo Mari (2498716), … William de Brehus (11820322), Wm. de Valencia (11820102), earl of Pembroke, and John Giffard (11820106), within their liberties and lands in the parts of the march. (S) CFRs.

1/4/1296, English forces left from Plymouth, arriving in Gascony in March. 3/28 they began an unsuccessful English-French siege of Bordeaux.

1/13/1296, Mandate … to assist Richard, earl of Arundel, appointed in those counties [Salop and Stafford] to see that all persons having land and rent to the vale of £40 a year or more are provided with houses and arms to be ready to set out on the king’s service at 3 weeks’ warning. (S) CPRs. [Richard was the only earl assigned to accompany Edmund of Lancaster, going to Gascony from Plymouth.]

1296, Edmund of Lancaster arrived in Gascony to take command of the expeditionary forces. [He died the same year at Bayonne. Henry de Lacy, 3rd earl of Lincoln, then arrived to take command].

1297, Richard summoned to parliament.

9/7/1297, Richard, earl of Arundel, and 40 barons and bishops, were sent writs to come with horses and arms, but the muster location was not specified. Eventually other writs specified to muster at Newcastle at the end of January.

2/1298, Richard arrived at Newcastle with 600 men from Powys and Clun, as well as 27 knights and 110 independent footmen. Richard’s personal retinue was 40 lances and 2 knights [those that were paid by Richard]. Richard advanced to Roxburgh on the border with Scotland and relieved the seige of that castle, then fell back to Berwick.

7/22/1298, Richard at the battle of Falkirk.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Richard, son of Alan, Earl of Arundell, …” (S) UKNA.

7/9/1300, Richard at the siege of Carlaverock castle.

1300, In an inquisition Richard is titled “Comes Arundel”.

8/1300, Richard acknowledged ad debt to Henry de percy of 2000 marks. [The same amount Richard paid for the marriage of his sister Maud in 1283 – implying this might have been for his daughter Eleanor.]

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Richard was a signer of a letter to Pope Boniface VIII asserting the King’s right to dominion over Scotland.

1301, Richard fought in the Scotland campaigns.

6/24/1301, Richard summoned to muster at  Carlisle. [King Edward attacked Scotland and removed the Scot’s ancient coronation stone from Scone, installing it at Westminster.]

8/10/1301, The King ordered Fulk fitz Warin and Richard Fitz Alan, earl of Arundel, to abstain from attacking each other.

Bef. 1/15/1302, Richard, Earl of Arundel, died, buried at Haughmond abbey, Shropshire.

6/30/1302, IPM of Richard earl of Arundel. … Edmund de Arondel is the son and heir of the said Richard, somtime Earl of Arondell, and is aged 18 years. (S) Abstracts of Wiltshire Inquisitions, V37, 1908, P289.

(S) The Siege of Carlaverock in the XXVIII Edward I, Nicolas, 1828, P283. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I. (S) DNB.

Children of Richard and Alice:

i. Eleanor de Arundel (60845653), born 1282 in England.

ii. Edmund FitzAlan (5909944), born 5/1/1285 in England.

iii. Alice de Arundel (5910165), born ~1290 in England.

iv. Margaret de Arundel, born by 1292 in England.

Margaret married Lord William le Boteler.