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Saturday, July 30, 2011

Baron Robert de Scales & Lady Isabel Burnell

11820296. Baron Robert de Scales & 11820297. Lady Isabel Burnell

~1250, Robert, born in England, heir & s/o 23640592. Robert de Scales & 23640593. Alice de Rocester.

~1260, Isabel Isabel born in England, d/o 121689412. Sir Hugh Burnell & 121689413. Sybil ?. [Niece of Robert Burnell, Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor and Treasurer of England.]

Bef. 5/18/1267, Robert heir to his father, including the advowson of Islington.

6/28/1270, Robert granted markets and fairs at Barkway, Hertfordshire; Tilney Cum Islington, Norfolk; and Worlington, Suffolk. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

1271, Robert granted the manor of Rivenhall by Robert de Weston, holding the lands during his wardship.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

1273, Robert Lord Scales held Scales-How, in Islington, &c. one fee and a quarter. (S) Topo. Hist. of Norfolk, V8, 1808, South Lynn.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

8/14/1275, Robert did homage for his lands of Tilney, Clenchwarden, Wygenhale, and Howe … 1.25 knight’s fee, and to have assize of bread. (S) CCRs.

7/18/1277, Robert de Scales, gone with Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln to Wales on the king’s service against Llywelyn. (S) CPRs.

1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

By 1278, Robert married Isabel.

1280, Robert son of Sir Robert de Scales a benefactor of the cathedral priory of Norwich. (S) Monaticon Anglicanum, Cathedral Priory of Norwich, 1827.

3/16/1283, Robert Burnel, bishop of Bath and Wells, chancellor …  issue writs for Robert de Scales and his men. (S) UKNA.

11/11/1286 at  London, Debtor: Robert de Scales, knight. Amount: 13m. (S) UKNA.

3/5/1287, Robert de Scales, going to Gascony, nominating … (S) CPRs.

6/1287, Robert sent to Wales.

8/15/1287, An army of 6,700 joined an earl’s force of 4,000 at Rhys ap Maredudd’s castle of Dryslwyn, Wales, and began a siege. They built a trebuchet to attack the castle. [The castle was captured; but Rhys escaped.]

1290, Robert obtained a grant of free warren at Wetherden.

7/12/1290, The abbot of St. John's, Colchester, … acknowledge that they owe to Robert de Scalys 66 marks 6s 8d. (S) CCRs.

3/10/1291, Protection with clause volumus, … 3 years …, for Robert de Scales, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

1293, Robert le Waleys was Steward of Robert de Scales in Herefordshire. (S) The Origins of the English Gentry, Coss, 2003, P152.

8/8/1295, Commission of oyer … touching the person who broke the park of Robert de Scales at Rowenhale, co. Essex, while he was on the king’s service in Wales and under his protection. (S) CPRs.

8/28/1296 at Berwick-on–Tweed, Pardon for services in the Scotch war to Adam Dune of Leveryngton … at the instance Robert de Scales. (S) CPRs.

1297, Robert held 1 knight’s fee in capite of Wetherden.

1297, Robert, with 2 knights and 8 troopers serving the King in Flanders. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901, P278.

4/1298, Robert sent to Flanders.

7/22/1298, Robert, with 7 men in his retinue, at the battle of Falkirk. (S) The English Aristocracy at War, Simpkin, 2008, P192.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

2/6/1299, Robert, 1st Lord Scales, created Baron Scales by writ and summoned to parliament. (S) The Book of Dignities, 1851, P557.

7/9/1300, Robert at the siege of Caerlaverock castle; “the handsome and amiable Robert de Scales bore red, with shells of silver.”

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Robert was a signer of the baron’s letter to Pope Boniface VIII.

3/23/1301, Grant by Robert de Scales, lord of Middleton, to the Friars Minor of Lynn for the soul of his wife Isabella. (S) UKNA.

7/6/1301, Sir Robert de Scale with 2 knights and 11 horsemen in the retinue of Edward, prince of Wales in Scotland.

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, “Robertus de Sacles Dominus de Neuseles” signed the baron’s letter to the Pope. (S) Baronia Anglica Concentrata, V1, 1844, P389.

5/1/1304, Writ de intend in favor of Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, directed to … Robert de Scales … with respect to their fealty and other services of knight’s fee which they hold of the said earl, … (S) CPRs.

1/22/1305, Robert summoned to parliament.

1305, “Robert de Scales: Norfolk, Suffolk” died.


9/4/1305, IPM of Robert de Scales. Norfolk: Middelton. A capital messuage, a windmill, a water-mill, … [multiple of these] … held jointly with Isabel his wife, … Robert his son, aged 26 and more, is his next heir. Suffolk: Weidon … (S) CIsPM.

10/13/1305, Order to deliver to Isabel, late the wife of Robert de Scales, the manor of Neuseles, Hertford … certain lands in Middleton, Norfolk … Robert and Isabel were jointly enfeoffed by Robert Burnel, late Bishop … (S) CCRs.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

7/3/1314, Licence, … Friars Minors of Lenne to retain a well in North Rungeton … from Thomas Bardolf and Robert de Scales, and to lead the water from the well by an underground conduit to their house in Lenne. (S) CPRs.

9/1/1315, Licence for Robert de Scales [son] to enfeoff Isabella de Scales of his manors of Hoo and Islington, co. Norfolk, and of his manor of Rewenhale, co. Essex, held in chief, … (S) CPRs.

11/25/1324, Isabel late the wife of Robert de Scales to retain a quarter of the manor of Haslingfield acquired by herself and Robert from William de Monte Caniso, by fine of 60s. (S) CPRs.

3/25/1332, Commission of certiorari de feodis for Robert de Skales (2955074). Norfolk: Hokewold. The advowson of the church of St. Mary is of the inheritance of Robert son and heir of the said Robert, a minor and in the king’s wardship …  Isabel, late the wife of Robert de Scales grandfather of the same Robert son of Robert, holds in dower of his inheritance … [knights fees listed] … (S) CIsPM, (S) CFRs 9/13/1332.

Bef. 7/26/1333, Isabella died, her grandson her heir. (S) CCRs.

(S) Topo. Hist. of the Co. of Norfolk, V8, Blomefield.

Child of Robert and Isabel:

i. Robert de Scales (5910148), born 1279 in England.