~1190, Bertram born in England, s/o §§John de Criol, s/o §§Robert de Cruel.
~1190, Emma born in England, d/o a gold smith. [2 good possibilities in London.]
Aft. 1194, Bertram’s father died.
5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
3/19/1219, Order to the sheriff of Kent to permit Bertram de Criel to have peace until 15 days from the forthcoming Easter in the third year from the scutage of Poitou. (S) FRsHIII.
1220, Bertram de Crioil owed a palfrey for a mercatum in Kent.
1/28/1226, King Henry III granted Bertram de Crioil a Thursday market to be held at the manor of Serres until the king came of age. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
1227, Sciant presentes … Hiis testibus, … Philippo de Albiniaco, … Bertran de Crioil, … Reginaldo de Moyun, … .
7/11/1228, The king has committed the vacant archbishopric of Canterbury to Bartholomew (sic.) de Criel and Alan Puignant to keep for as long as it pleases the king. Order to the sheriff of Surrey to cause them to have full seisin without delay of all lands, ….
12/25/1228, Bertram de Criel and Alan Puignant, keepers of the archbishopric of Canterbury , concerning assessing tallage in the manors of the same archbishopric.
1229, Mandatum est baronibus de Quinque Portubys quod Bertran de Crioil, constabulario Dovre, … .
4/8/1230, Grant to Bertram de Crioil, and his heirs, of the town of Ketelbergh late of Guy de la Val, and then Richard Aguillon, and then Bertram. (S) CChRs, Crump, 1908, P117.
1230, Mandatum … Bertran de Crioil constabularii nostri Dovre, … .
1230, Bertram, contsable of Hubert de Burgh, earl of Kent’s castle of Dover, refused Margaret [wife of Hubert, and sister of King Alexander II of Scotland] entry to her husband’s fortress. [The following 2 writs were issued because of Bertram’s refusal. Bertram likely refused because he did not like the influence Margaret had on the king; and Bertram had been ordered by Hubert to not allow anyone entrance in his absence.]
11/6/1230, Order to the sheriff of Suffolk to take the manor of Kettleburgh, which Bertam de Criel holds by bail [at the king’s pleasure] of the king, into the king’s hand and to keep it safely until the king orders otherwise. (S) FRsHIII. [Bertram also removed as constable of Dover castle.]
11/24/1230, Order to the sheriff of Berkshire to take into the king’s hand the land that Bertram de Criel held by bail of the king in Moulsford. (S) FRsHIII.
2/1231, Bertram regranted the lands of Kettleburgh and Moulsford.
1232, Hubert de Burgh, Justicia of England, fell from the grace of the King. [Hubert died in 1243.]
6/12/1232, Bertram appointed as sheriff of Kent by the King.
9/1232, Bertram re-granted custody of Dover castle by the King.
11/11/1232, Grant to Bertram de Crioil, for a fine of £300, of the custody, during the minority of the heirs, of the land and heirs of Simon de Chelefeld, with the marriage of the heirs. (S) FRsHIII.
9/11/1233, Co. Kent, Bertram de Criel has made fine with the king by 60 marks for having in wife of John, his son, Matilda … (S) FRsHIII.
11/8/1233, The fine of Hugh d’Aubigny for having his lands. Pledges of the said Hugh … John fitz Geoffrey for 100 m … Warin de Munchesney for 100m. … Bertram de Criel for 20m. … William Mauduit for 40m. … William Bardolf for 50m. Thomas of Moulton for 50m. Hugh Wake for 50m. … John de Vieuxpont for 50m. … Payn de Chaworth for 40m. … William de Percy for 200m. … (S) FRsHIII.
6/5/1234, Mandate to Bertram de Crioil to deliver the castle of Tonebrugge … .
7/12/1234, The king has committed the county of Kent and the castle of Canterbury to his beloved and faithful Bertram de Criel to keep at his own costs … rendering £40 each year …
10/24/1235, Letters of tallage. Kent. Bertram de Criel . John of Halling . John de Watton’ . They are to convene to seek aid at Rochester on the morrow of Martinmas.
5/2/1236, Appointment, during pleasure, of Bertran de Crioil to the custody of the Cinque Ports. .
11/28/1236, Mandate to B. de Criyol to deliver the castle of Rochester, … .
12/7/1239, Bertram de Criel a pledge for a fine of Guibert de Ruwe. (S) FRsHIII.
9/3/1240, The king has committed the manor of Overland to Bertram de Criel , formerly of Peter de Bendenges. (S) FRsHIII.
1241, Bertram held the manor of Croxton Kyriel, Leicester. (S) Topo. Hist. of Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P49. [Held by son Nicholas in 1246 after attaining his majority.]
1/2/1241, Grant to the K.’s citizens of Cork … Witnesses, … Bertram de Cryoul, Roger de Montalt, Robert de Mucegros, Paulinus Peyvre, John de Plessetis, … (S) Cal. of Document Relating to Ireland, 1875.
9/1242, Order to the sheriff of Surrey to deliver all lands formerly of Hamo de Valognes in the aforesaid county, which he took into the king’s hand, to B. de Criel to keep. (S) FRsHIII.
8/1/1242, Mandate to the men of Sussex to be intendant to B. de Crioyl, constable of Dover, in the munition of the castle of Dover, … .
1/4/1243, Notification by … R. earl of Cornwall and Poitou, brother of the king of England, William de Cantilupo and Bertram de Cryoil, constable of Dover, that … when the king returns from beyond seas to England …
2/3/1243, For Bertram de Criel and his sons. Order to the sheriff of Kent to respite the scutage from Bertram de Criel, John de Criel, Simon de Criel and Nicholas of Hadlow for the knights’ fees that they hold in chief of the king. (S) FRsHIII.
9/3/1245, Order to B. de Criel, in the presence of William de la Dune, clerk, and the moneyers and other ministers of the exchange of Canterbury, to cause it to be inquired concerning such trespasses, on account of which Robert Galle, … fled from the aforesaid exchange. (S) FRsHIII.
5/20/1246, Roger, son of Stephen de Northwude, granted the hospital of lepers of St. Bartholomew, Chetham by Rochester, 40s a year from the land called Northwide in the hundred of Audeltune … Witnesses:– … Bertram de Crioll, … Sir R. de Leyburn, H. de Crevequer, … (S) CPRs, 3/5/1449.
1/15/1247, The barons of the Exchequer were ordered not to distrain Hubert for the goshawk he had rendered to Bertram de Cryol by the king’s order.
5/4/1248, Royal Grant to Peter de Monte Forti to close his wood of Remeham, within the king's new forest of Windleshour, and to make a park there. Witn. … Hugh de Vinou, … Bertram de Cryoll, Richard de Grey, … (S) UKNA.
11/7/1248, Mandate to Bertram de Crioyl to deliver the castles of Rochester and Canterbury … .
6/30/1250, Grant to Bertram de Crioill … land late of John de Bendenges … until full age of Thomas son and heir of Peter de Bendenges; … .
4/24/1251, Grant to Bertram de Crioll of a Thursday fair to be held at Monigeham and Shoueldon. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
7/25/1251, Appointment of Adam Turnebuel, clerk of Bertram de Crioyl, constable of Dover, ….
8/20/1252, Appointment of Bertram de Crioll as the king’s justice to receive William de Punderlarche … into the king’s peace … .
8/27/1252, Mandate to the barons and goodmen of Gascony … a truce … if Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, oppose such truce … they are always to observe their whole fealty to the king. By K. Geoffrey de Lezingnan, J. Maunsell, B. de Crioll.
9/23/1252, A Friday market granted to Bertram de Crioll to be held at the manor of Chipping. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
10/25/1252, Grant to Bertram de Crioll of the wardship and marriage of Helen and Isabel, two daughters of Maud de Averenches, who are of the heirs of the said Maud, with the wardship of their portion of the inheritiance of the said Maud.
7/13/1253, Grant, in consideration of the service of Jocelin de Oye, sometime king’s serjeant, … to whom the king has written about this. By B. de Crioll.
7/16/1253, Grant to Bertran de Cripyl, constable of Dover, of 640 marks a year … .
7/20/1253, Norification that the king has ordered Bertram de Crioil, constable of Dover, in the case the king die during the minority of his eldest son Edward, he is not to deliver the castle to the said Edward before he comes of age, without the assent of Queen Eleanor.
2/11/1255, John de Grey, Bertram de Cryoille, Henry de Mara, Philip de Vallibus, … attested to royal chaters at court at Westminster. (S) Publications of the Selden Society, V8, 1894, P236.
2/14/1255, Presentation … By K. in the presence of Bertram de Cryoll, … .
1/25/1256, Power to John Mansell, provost of Beverley, and Bertram de Crioyl to make, extend and confirm a truce between the king of France and his brothers and their adherents and the king, Edward the king’s son, the king’s brothers and their adherents, from the feast of St. Remy, … with power to swear on the king’s soul that he will observe it.
3/13/1256, Commission to Reynold de Cobham, … to enquire touching the persons who stole the crops and swans of Bertram de Crioll in divers places in the county of Kent.
Bef. 5/28/1256, Bertram died.
(S) CPRs. (S) FRsHII, Fine of the Month: July 2008, “The Countess and the Constable”.
Children of Bertram and Emma:
i. John de Criol (9994796), born ~1210 in England.
ii. Simon de Criol, born ? in England.
ii. Nicholas de Criol (23640996), born ~1220 in England. [3rd son]