Friday, May 29, 2020

Duke Robert I of Burgundy & Duchess Helie of Samur & Comte Geoffrey of Gatinais & Ctss Ermengard of Anjou

1512882502. Duke Robert I of Burgundy & 1512882503. Duchess Helie of Samur & 756441088. Comte Geoffrey of Gatinais & 756441089. Ctss Ermengard of Anjou

1011, Robert born in France, 3rd s/o 1512882198. Robert II of France & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.

~1015, Geoffrey born in Perche, France, s/o §§Comte Hugues Gâtinais du Perche & Ctss Beatrix de Mâcon.

1016, Elie born in France, d/o §§Seigneur Dalmas I de Samur-en-Brionnais & Dame Aramburge ?.

1016, King Robert II recognized by the Church for his claim on Burgundy, made his son Henry the Duke of Burgundy.

1018, Ermengarde born in Anjou, d/o 1512882176. Comte Fulk III Nerra of Anjou & 1512882177. Ctss Hildegarde de Metz.

1025, Robert joined his older brothers in their rebellion against their father.

9/17/1025, Robert’s eldest brother, and co-King, Hugh died; his brother Henry succeeding. Queen Constance did not support Henry’s succession, favoring her 3rd son Robert.

5/14/1027, Henry I crowned King at Reims while his father was still living [‘rex designatus’, which would continue as a house-of-Capet tradition.]

5/26/1028, Francon Bishop of Paris … concerning a prior grant by the bishop's predecessor to ‘Gosfrido comiti Landonensi castri’, with the approval of ‘fratribus ipsius Alberici, filiis Hugonis Pertice … Gosfredo [Count Geoffrey of Gainais] et Letoldo.’

1029-30, ‘King’ Henry and his brother Robert rebelled against their father.

1030, Robert’s father named him as heir to the Duchy of Burgundy.

7/20/1031, Henry I succeeded on the death of their father.

1031-2, Robert, supported by his mother, in rebellion against his brother the King.

7/28/1032, Robert’s mother died.

1032, King Henry made his younger brother Robert the Duke of Burgundy.

1032, King Henry, at Fecamp, receives homage from his brother Duke Robert, who also gets the Vexin.

9/1032, Burgundy invaded [unsuccessfully] by Odo of Champagne.

[–––Robert & Helie–––]

1033, Robert married Helie.

1033, The 1000th anniversary of the death of Christ; a year of famine and torrential rain in France. (S) The Age of Pilgrimage, Sumpton, 2003, P190.

1034, A charter of donation to Saint-Etienne de Dijon subscribed by ‘Roberti ducis et uxoris sue’.

1034, Robert’s mother died.

[––Geoffrey & Ermengarde––]

1035, Geoffrey married Ermengarde.

1038, Count Rainald of Burgundy, when other counts of of Burgundy gathered in Solothurn to offer homage to Conrad II and Henry III; chose to be at the court of Duke Robert of Burgundy.

5/24/1040, Count Rainald killed in battle against Duke Robert of Burgundy over control of Auxerre. (S) Robert the Burgundian, Jessee, P21.

1040, Robert becamed Comte d’Auxerre when he conquered the county [after the death of Hugues, bishop of Auxerre.]

1040, ‘Robertus dux Burgundionum’ confirmed the possessions of Cluny, subscribed by ‘Ilie uxoris eius.’

9/22/1040, ‘Robertus Burgundie dux’ renounced rights ‘in villa ... Gilliacus’ in favour of Saint-Germain-des-Prés; subscribed by ‘Elie conjugis eius.’

3/1/1043, ‘Robertus … dux et rector inferioris Burgundiæ’ donated property to Saint-Bénigne-de-Dijon, which names ‘Helie uxoris mee.’

1043-4, ‘Robertus dux Burgundiorum cum uxore mea Helia’ donated ‘terram ... Villare Bichet …’ to Saint-Germain-des-Prés, with the consent of ‘filiorum nostrorum Hugonis et Henrici.’

3/1/1046, Count Geoffrey died.

[––Ermengarde––]

1047, Robert repudiated Helie [on the grounds of consanguinity.] Helie became a nun.

[–––Robert & Ermengarde–––]

1048, Robert I, duke of Burgundy, married 2nd widow Ermengarde d’Anjou. [This marriage is dated from a letter written by Jean Abbot of Fécamp (d.1050) to Pope Leo IX.]

2/2/1053, ‘Robertus dux et duo filii mei Hugo et Henricus’ renounced rights to revenue from land ‘in Gilliaco’ in favour of Saint-Germain-des-Prés.

Aft. 1055, Elie died.

8/4/1060, Philip I, age 8, succeeded Henry I as King of France.

1060, Robert lost the county of Auxerre at the council of Autun, which ended his war with Nevers.

3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.

3/18/1076, Robert murdered with Ermengarde at the church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or; both buried at the Abbaye de Saint-Seine, Côte d’Or. [Succeeded by his grandson.]

(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Children of Robert and Elie:

i. Henri le Damoiseau de Bourgogne (1512945948), born ~1035 in France. [2nd son]

ii. Constance of Burgundy (756441251), born bef. 1045 in France.

Children of Geoffrey and Ermengarde:

i. Geoffrey of Anjou, born 1040 in Anjou.

Bef. 1060, Geoffrey married Julienne, d/o Hamelin II de Langeais & Helvise de Mondoubleau.

1062, Geoffroi le Barbu … Juliette femme de Geoffroi et Foulque frère de Geoffroi subscribed the charter which records the donation by ‘Robert de Sablé et sa femme Avoie’ to Marmoutier.

4/1067, Fulk captured his older brother Count Geoffrey of Anjou at Angers.

1067, Fulk became count of Anjou. Under pressure from Pope Alexander II and King Philip, Fulk released Geoffrey.

1068 at Brissac, Fulk captured Geoffrey again and imprisoned him at Chinon, solidifying the position of Count of Anjou by giving King Philip Gatinais and Chateau-Landon. [A papal legate declared Geoffrey insane and absolved Fulk from fault.]

1096-97, Geoffrey died.

ii. Fulk IV of Anjou (378220544), born 1043 in Anjou.

Historiæ Andegavensis names ‘Goffridi de Castro Landono et Ermengardis filia Fulconis Comitis Andegavensis’ as parents of ‘Fulco comes Andegavensis’.

1096-97, Fulk wrote a history of Anjou and its rulers including himself.

Children of Robert and Ermengarde:

iii. Hildegarde of Burgundy (378220553), born ~1050 in France.

1074, Hildegarde married §§Duke Guillaume VIII of Aquitaine (fl.1061-94, d.1086), and count of Poitou. (S) Pope Gregory, Cowdrey, 1998, P340. [Duke Guilllaume’s 3rd wife.]

1104, Hildegared died.

Son: Duke Guillaume IX of Aquitaine (189110276) (b. 10/22/1071).


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