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Saturday, August 22, 2020

Baron Bertram de Verdun & Lady Rohesia de Salford

 378236428. Baron Bertram de Verdun & 378236428. Lady Rohesia de Salford

~1140, Bertram born in England, s/o §§Nicholas de Verdun & Laceline de Clinton, d/o §§Geoffrey de Clinton.

~1145, Rohesia born in England.

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.

1159, Bertram hier to his father.


Bertram 1st married to Maud, d/o Robert de Ferrers, Earl of Derby. [No children.]

1160, Bertram issued a charter witnessed by a member of the ‘de Aldithley’ family, of whom Bertram was their ‘overlord’. (S) House of Stanley, Stanley, 1998, P5.


~1165, Bertram married 2nd Rohesia.

1166, Bertram de Verdon held 2 knight’s fees in chief. (S) Harleian Society, V103, 1951, P109.

11/1166 at Caen, Normandy, Bertram witnessed a royal confirmation to the Abbot of Mont St. Michel.

By 1167, Bertram de Verdun witnessed a deed by which Adam, abbot of Evesham, enfeoffs Simon, son of William de Coctune. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V29, 1873, P369.

1169, Bertram, Sheriff of Warwickshire.

2/3/1170, Richard de Humez and Bertram de Verdon at Stamford, Northamptonshire on the King’s business.

1170-71, Warwick and Leicester. Bertram de Verdun renders his account; for 100 seams fo wheat sent to the army of Ireland, £8 6s 8d; 300 hogs, £20; 3 handmills and 1 measure, 13d; 15 days pay for 1 master and 9 seamen, 13s 9d; ....

10/16/1171, Bertram, Seneschal to King Henry II, left with him for Waterford. [After the English Pope Adrian granted Ireland to King Henry, Henry landed at Waterford with 400 knights, 4000 men-at-arms, and 400 ships.]

11/1171, Bertram with King Henry holding court at Dublin.

1171-72, Warwick and Leicester:– Bertram de Verdun renders his account; … wheat sent into Ireland, … oats … beans … axes … hogs … pay of seamen … hire of ships … corn … carts to carry the apparel … 2 horses …

4/17/1172, Bertram with King Henry sailed from Wexford for South Wales.

1172, Bertram a Justice in Eyre.

4/1173, King Henry’s 3 eldest surviving sons: Henry, Richard & Geoffrey rebelled against him; supported by their mother. King Henry hired 20,000 mercenaries and quickly put down the rebellion.

1173, Bertram built his stone house at Alton.

1173-74, Bertram in the chronicle of Jordan Fantosme describing the war between the English and the Scots, and in particular an event at Leicester: “Lord Bertram de Verdun was there this day newly arrived, He had fine arms and a horse very fleet, From many he justed he the prize carried off.” (S) Chronicle …, 1840.

1174, Rich. Humet & Bertram de Verdun give land to build a church at Sanfordbridge. (S) Academia Tertia Anglicanna, Peck, 1727, P82.

10/11/1174 at Falaise, France, Bertram of Verdun witnessed treaties with the King of Scots. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.

12/8/1174 at Valognes, An agreement is formed between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of the English, son of the Empress Matilda. King William becomes the liege man of the king against all men, for Scotland, … He also does homage and swears fealty to the King Henry, his son (i.e., Henry the young king), reserving the fealty due to his father the king … witnesses … Bertran de Verdun. (S) POMS.

1175, Bertram a member of the Curia Regis.

Bef. 6/1175, Bertram witnessed the gift of Weston by the King to Guy le Strange, sheriff of Shropshire.

7/9/1175, Pleas in Staffordshire held by William Basset, William fitz Ralph, and Bertram de Verdon before the King.

8/10/1175, at York, The King held Pleas of the Forest; ‘Placita et convencioues per Willielmum fil. Radulphi, Bertram de Verdon, et Willielmum Basset in curia Regis.’

1/1176 at Shrewsbury, Bertram witnessed a royal charter to Haughmond abbey.

1/1176, Bertram with William fitz Stephen and Turstan fitz Simon appointed as justices for Hereford, Gloucestershire, Shropshire, and Worcestershire.

4/4/1176, Bertram witnessed a royal charter confirming an agreement between William de Roumare and sisters Burgeise and Emma [sisters of William Bruere].

1176, Bertram de Verdun gave to the monks of Aulnay, near Bayeux, Normandy, the land of Chotes [Cotton near Croxden] for the foundation of the Cistercian abbey of the Valley of St. Mary. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V21, 1865, P296.

1/1177 at the Great Council at Northampton, Bertram witnessed a royal confirmation to Thomas, son of Robert fitz Noel.

3/20/1177, at Marlborough, King Henry sent John Comyn, Bertram de Verdon, and Robert of Shrewsbury as ambassadors to Spain. [King Henry had previously in the month been an arbitrator in a case involving Spain.]

1178, Bertram assigned as a justice in eyre in Lincolnshire.

1179, Bertram assigned as a justice in eyre. [6 of the 8 from the previous year returned to justice in eyre appointments.] (S) Chronicle of the Reigns, Petersborough, 1867, P-LXXI.

4/1180, Bertram appointed to the office of sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire. [13 newly appointed sheriffs had been justices in eyre.]

6/30/1180 at Caen, Normandy, Bertram de Verdon witnessed a royal charter to William de Humez of the office of Constabulariam, which his father Richard used to hold.

7/1180 at Rouen, Bertram witnessed a royal charter to Roger Barr.

8/1181, Bertram a witness to royal charters at Pontefract and Clipston.

12/1181 at Winchester, Bertram witnessed a royal charters to Godstow nunnery and Dureford abbey.

12/1182, Bertram of Verdun a member of the assizes of Christmas Court at Caen, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.

1183, Bertram crossed the channel on a king’s writ: ‘In passagio Johannis electi Ebroicensis et Bertami de Verdon 48s per breve Regis’.

12/1183 at Valonias, Bertram de Verdon witnessed a royal charter to St. Lo.

1184-85, Bertran de Verdun, Arnald de Barton for him, renders his account; paid for the passage into Ireland of the knights and attendents of John, the K.’s son, 34£.

4/1185, Charter of Prince John [Johannes filius Domini Regis Anglian et Dominus Hiberniae] to the Irish monastery of Saneta Maria de Valle Salutis witnessed by Hugh de Lacy, constable of Ireland; Bertran de Verdon, seneschal of Ireland, and Gilbert Vipard.

1185-86, Honor of Chester:– Bertram de Verdun, Adam de Almondelegh for him … for the passage of Ireland of 9 ships with men, of John the K’s son, and their harness, 23£ 5s 4d; … ship to carry supplies … passage to Ireland of William Cumin and his men … of William de Casineto, his associates, and 10 horses …

1185, Bertram replaced as sheriff of Warwick and Leicester by Michael Beler. (S) Topographical History – Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P-XXI.

1186-87, Honor of Chester:– Bertram de Verdun, Adam de Audeley for him, renders his account, for the passage of John de Courci into Ireland, 10£ 3s 4d … pay for 7 days for 13 archers whom Robert de Multhalt retained in the king’s service, 45s. 6d. …

6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, Bertram de Verdon present for a fine before the King between the abbot of Lilleshall and William de Boterell, and Ysabella his wife.

9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.

12/12/1189, Bertram with Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade. Richard commandeered ships and ordered them to Dover to move some of his forces to France. The fleet was then to move to Marsailles to meet up with the combined English and French troops.

7/1190, The English and French armies met at Lyons; where they learned that the German Emperor, leading his forces to the crusade, had died in an accident.

1191, The crusaders captured the city of Messina, Sicily, after they had refused to let the English ships land.

4/1191, 24 ships sank in a storm on the way to Cyprus.

6/5/1191, The crusaders set sail for Acre. [The French forces were already besieging the city. Seige engines were launching objects at walls, troops were trying to fill in the moat, and other troops were tunneling under the walls; but the various national groups were acting independently.]

7/1191, The crusaders captured Acre. Saladin’s city commander agreed to surrender for a ransom of 200,000 gold pieces, the release of 1500 christians, and the Muslim garrison to be given safe conduct. When Acre fell, Bertram appointed a joint Governor of the city. Many of the forces, especially the Germans, returned home.

9/5/1191, The crusaders defeated Saladin at the battle of Arsuf.

9/8/1191, The crusaders arrived a Jaffa to find it’s fortifications destroyed. [King Richard spent 3 months repairing the fortifications at Jaffa and along the road back to Acre.]

12/1191, The crusaders arrived at Beit Nuba, 12 miles from Jerusalem.

1/1192, The crusaders decided to return to Jaffa when they decided they could not begin a siege. They moved to Ascalon, on the coast south of Acre, and spent 4 months rebuilding its fortifications.

4/1192, The crusaders held an election for King of Jerusalem – won by Conrad de Montferrat. [Conrad was murdered soon afterwards in Tyre by members of the original Muslim “Assassins”, who had also attempted to kill Saladin.]

8/1/1192, The crusaders conducted a sea assault on Jaffa, which had been recaptured by Saladin.

8/4/1192, Saladin’s army attacked King Richard’s 80 knights, 400 archers, and a small force of lancers, camped outside the city walls.

8/25/1192, Bertram died at Jaffa; his sword, banner and armor were returned to England to Alton castle. [The Exchequer would later claim he owed £551 to the crown at his death; a dept which was even later cleared.]


5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.

1216, Rohesia died.

(S) Cal. of Doc’s. Relating to Ireland, 1875. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Family notes:

Bef. 1189, “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “... Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, …” (S) FMG.

Child of Bertram and Rohesia:

i. Thomas de Verdon, born ? in England.

Thomas married Eustachia ?.

1199, Thomas died in Ireland.

Eustachia married 2nd Richard de Camvill.

ii. Nicholas de Verdon (189118214), born ~1170 in England. [3rd son]

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