8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
~1105, William born in Breton, Normandy, s/o §§Baron Alan Fitz Flaald & Lady Aveline de Hesding. (S) FMG. [Aveline d/o §§Arnulf de Hesding. (S) Coll.’s for a Hist. of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P221.]
1114, William’s father died; William inheriting 70 manors in various part of Shropshire, and others outside the county.
~1120, Christina born in England. [A niece of Robert (159916042), Earl of Gloucester, gd/o King Henry I (189110274).]
4/24/1124, David I crowned King of Scotland.
1/1127, Queen Adeliza, receiving the county of Salop from King Henry, granted the office of sheriff to William fitz Alan. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V1, 1854, P247. [Likely undersheriff to Pagan fitz John.]
~1137, Isabel born in England, heir & d/o §§Baron Helias de Say (fl. 1138) of Clun. (S) Cartulary of Lilleshall Abbey, Monasticon, V6, P262. [Other family branches with the name ‘Helias de Say’ contemporary. E.g.: 1165, Helias de Say holding 3 knights’ fees of Hugh de Laci. (S) Journal of British Arch. Assoc., V24, 1868, P230.]
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1135-60, William fitz Alan (378236416) enfeoffed Ivo Pantulf, baron of Wem, in all such portions of the Staffordshire manor of Sheriff Hales, as Rainald Bailgiole had held under the earl of Shrewsbury at Domesday, excluding Burlington. (S) Coll.’s for a Hist. of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P221. [William’s daughter Cristina married Ivo’s son Hugh.]
1136, William son and heir of Alan fitz Flaald witnessed a charter of King Stephen to Shrewsbury abbey.
1137, William fitz Alan became the sheriff of Shropshire after the death of Pagan fitz John. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
1138, John le Strange (486788024) witnessed a grant by William fitz Alan and his wife Christiana of land in Sheriff Hales to Haughmond church. (S) FMG.
1138, William the sheriff of Shropshire. (S) FMG.
1138, William, Castellan of Shrewsbury.
5/1138, William, now a kinsman of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, held Shrewsbury castle for him in his rebellion against King Stephen.
8/1138, King Stephen prevailed against the town of Shrewsbury. William fled with his family and left the castle to others who were to surrender it to the King. [The holders of the castle did not surrender, and after a siege, several of those captured, including William’s uncle Arnulf de Hesdinge, were executed.]
1138, John le Strange witnessed a grant by William fitz Alan and his wife Christiana of land in Sheriff Hales to Haughmond church. (S) A Chronicle of the Early Le Stranges, Le Strange, 1916, P25.
2/1141, William, as described by a contemporary writer, fought at the battle of Lincoln on the side of the Empress “in no way inferior to the great Earls who supported her cause”. [King Stephen captured in the battle.]
7/1141 at Oxford, William fitz Alan and his brother Walter witnessed a charter of Empress Maud. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858, P287.
9/14/1141, William a member of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2011, P169. [Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester captured; exchanged for King Stephen the following November; Stephen again crowned King in December.]
Aft. 1141, William fitz Alan attested, with Robert de Dunstanville, Empress Matilda’s grant of Aston to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Round, 1892, P418.
1142-48, William spent much of the civil war on his wife’s estate at Keevil in Wiltshire; but also was in Bristol and other places controlled by the Empress. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
~1145, William Boterel born in Cornwall, England, s/o §§William Boterel (d.1149) & Alicia Corbet (d.aft.1163) d/o §§Robert fitz Corbet.
10/1147, Empress Maltilda’s half-brother and leader of her forces, Robert, earl of Gloucester, died. [The same year many knights and nobles, including the husband of Empress Matilda, left on crusade; creating a lull in the civil war.]
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy. [Matilda would never return to England; but her son Duke Henry would.]
1149, William Boterel’s father died.
1149, Madog ap Maredudd of Powys built a castle at Owestry because William fitz Alan did not have the forces to oppose him. (S) Struggle for Mastery, Carpenter, 2003, P186. [William, possibly at Bristol, was likely campaigning in support of Duke Henry who was attacking York.]
[––William fitz Alan & Christina––]
~1152, William 1st married Christiana,
[Undated], William Fitz Alan donated the fishery of Upton-upon-Severn to Haughmond abbey by undated charter, witnessed by ‘Walter his brother, Christiana his wife’. (S) FMG.
[Undated], ‘William Fitz-Alan with his wife, Dame Christiana, give to God and to the church of St. John of Hamon, … for the remission of the grantors’ sins and the souls’ redemption of their parents and ancestors, and especially for the soul of their son Alan, whose body they had bestowed in burial there [Haughmond].’
6/7/1153, William with Henry, Duke of Normandy [future King Henry II], at Leicester when the Duke confirmed his mother’s donations to Haughmond.
By 1153, Isabel’s father died.
[––William fitz Alan & Isabel––]
1153-4, William married Isabel, Baroness of Clun, the richest heiress in Shropshire. (S) FMG.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Summer/1155, To suppress the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer, King Henry besieged Cleobury, Wigmore, and Bridgnorth. William a member of the siege forces.
7/7/1155 at Brug during the siege of Bridgnorth, William fitz Alan witnessed a royal charter to Shrewsbury abbey.
7/25/1155, William named by King Henry II as Sheriff of Shropshire; and had his estates restored; and on the same day granted Wroxeter church to Haughmond abbey. (S) Antiquities, V6, P73.
9/1156, ‘Wills fili Alani. Redd Comp.’ in Shropshire discharges his account of the ferm of the King’s demesnes of a sum of £3 11s 4d. (S) FMG.
1157, William, sheriff of Shropshire, supported King Henry’s invasion of Gwynedd, Wales with archers.
1157, William with King Henry II invaded Gwynedd; where the king was nearly killed by the forces of Owain at the battle of Ewloe.
1158, ‘Salopescira.’ Willelmus filius Alani reddit compotum de … in terris datis Johanni Extraneo [7£ 10s] …’, associated with the manor of Ness.
By 1158, William gave the land of ‘Piperinges’ to Haughmond abbey, adding to grants as had been made by ‘his mother Avelina.’
4/1158 at Newnham, Gloucestershire, William witnessed a royal charter to Haughmond abbey, Shropshire.
By 1159, William fitz Alan gave his consent for his knight Gerold de Brelecton to make a land gift to Buildwas abbey. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P215.
9/1159, William fitz Alan associated with a payment of £7 10s for the manor of Ness.
4/1160, William fitz Alan died; buried in Shrewesbury abbey. [William gave lands ‘together with his body’ to Shrewsbury abbey; attested by 4 ecclesiastics and 12 laymen including Guy le Strange of Alveley and John le Strange of Cheswardine.]
1161, John le Strange, for the soul of his lord, William Fitz-Alan, son of Alan Fitz-Flaald, gave lands in Iselham to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Collections – Montgomeryshire, V14, 1881, P288.
1163-75, A charter of Reynold, Earl of Cornwall confirms to William (79849538) the son of Alice Corbet, his aunt, lands in Cornwall originally given as a marriage portion to Alice and her husband William de Botreaux. (S) Hist. of the Co. of Warwick, V3, 1945, Alcester. [Alice’s sister married Herbert fitz Herbert (d.1155), and was the mother of Reynold.]
By 1165, Isabel married 2nd Geoffrey de Vere; gaining possession of Clun and Ruthin castles.
7/1165, Geoffrey de Vere, sheriff of Shropshire, and stepfather of William fitz Alan, Baron of Clun and Owestry.
1166, William Boterel held 12 knights’ fees of the Earl of Cornwall.
1170, Geoffrey died.
[––William Boterel & Isabel––]
1170-71, Isabel married 3rd William Boterel.
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, a fine was levied before King Henry between the Abbot of Lilleshall, and William de Boterell and Ysabella his wife.
4/6/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
Aft. 5/27/1199, William de Boterell gives the King 300 merks and 2 Destriers for Seizin to be had of land in Cornwall, viz. Penhell with its appurtenances, and half the Vill of Alencestre [Warwickshire], and for his Charter to be confirmed.
6/7/1199, ‘Johannes D. G. Rex… Sciatis nos concessisse, … Willielmo de Boterell totum maneriun de Penhel …”
~1199, Isabel died.
William married 2nd Albreda ?.
1201, William, serving in France, has land as entered by the Sheriff of Cornwall: 13 librates in Penhel, 6 librates in Bindeni and Winenine; with 12 fees of the Honour of Moreton.
1203, William’s scutage excused.
1203, William coheir with Robert Corbet to a Shropshire barony.
9/1203-6/1204, William of Warwickshire fined for obtaining the marriage of Albreda, widow of John de Ingeham, daughter and coheir of Walter Waleran; paying 2 horses and a Norway Goshawk, and 300 merks, which Albreda had offered for her remarriage to choose who she wished. [Records indicate the lands of Albreda did not come to the family.]
10/1203, William, a knight, choosing jurors for a Grand Assize.
4/5/1204, William appointed Sheriff of Cornwall. [Held until he died.]
7/15/1204, William de Botreaux granted a market by King John at Tolcarne, Cornwall. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516. [later named Boscastel.]
1204, William’s scutage excused.
1205, William paid 1 merk for scutage.
1207, William’s scutage excused.
6/28/1210, William had 3 knights in service to King John in Ireland.
By 7/1210, William de Botereus of Boscastle, Cornwall, died. ‘Willielmus Botrealus, Baro, tenuit in capite de domino Rege per serviciumn dimidii militis.”
1214, Albrea de Boterells had quittance of scutage for Poitou.
By 8/1216, Albreda’s lands held by John de Monemue.
1221-32, Albreda de Boterell excused scutage of Biham, Shropshire. [5 times 1221-32.]
Albreda died. [By the timeline Albreda is not the mother of the children.]
(S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858. (S) CH&I.H.II.. (S) Lestrange Records, LeStrange, 1916.
William’s brother, Walter fitz Alan (d.1177) – ancestor of the House of Stewart: Walter, son of Alan, was the third son of Alan, son of Flaald. Walter entered the service of David I around 1136 and by the end of his reign, he had become High Steward, an office which was to become hereditary. In later generations, Walter’s descendents would adopt this title as their surname: ‘Stewart’. Walter married Eschina and they had a son, Alan (d.1204), who served as steward to William I. (S) POMS.
1086-87, §§Arnulf de Hesding held under Robert de Stafford. (S) Coll’s Hist. of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P218. ‘Ernulf de Hesding’ held lands worth £272 in 10 counties in England. (S) Proc. of Battle Conf., 1989, P32.
Child of William and Christina:
i. Cristina Fitz Alan (121696901), born ~1153 in England.
Child of William fita Alan and Isabel:
i. William II FitzAlan (189118208), born 1154 in England.
Children of William Boterel and Isabel:
i. Emma Botreaux (39924769), born ~1172 in England.
ii. William de Botreaux (486680064), born ~1175 in Cornwall, England.