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Saturday, August 22, 2020

Count Raymond of Galicia & Countess Urraca of Castile

 378220624. Count Raymond of Galicia & 378220625. Countess Urraca of Castile

1070, Raymond born in Amous, Burgundy, younger s/o 756441248. William I, Count of Burgundy & 756441249. Etiennette ?.

1081, Urraca born in Castile, d/o 756441250. Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon & 756441251. Constance of Burgundy.

1086, ‘Wilelmus comes Burgundie’ names ‘Rainaldi et Raimundi filiorum meorum’ in his donation to Cluny. (S) FMG.

1086, Raymond, to finance his crusade, donated to the archbishopric of Besancon [Hugh is brother the bishop] much of his property for 7000 solidi. [Raymond admitted most of the property was ill-obtained, and relinquished it for the good of his soul.]

11/1086, Raymond participated in the expedition of his brother-in-law Eudes I, duke of Burgundy, to reconqueror Muslim held territories in support of Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon, but arrived too late to help. During this time, Raymond and Eudes visited Eudes’ aunt Constance of Burgundy.

4/25/1087, Count Raimundo a witness to a grant of Alfonso VI to the clergy of Astorga cathedral.

8/1087, Raymond at the unsuccessful attack on Tudela. (S) FMG.

[–––Raymond & Urraca–––]

1087, Raymond betrothed to Urraca.

11/12/1087, Raymon’s father died.

1087-88, Lisbon and Sintra, lost to invading Murabit from north Africa. Raymond gathered forces in an attempt to retake the lands; but was defeated in battle close to Lisbon.

1/28/1090, ‘Adefonsus rex Legionis et totius Hispanie imperator atque Fredenandi filius regis’ granted privileges to Santiago de Compostela, with the advice of ‘generis mei comitis domini Raimundi’. (S) FMG.

1090, Raymond married Urraca, was designated the heir of Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon, and was installed in Santiago as Count and Countess of Galacia. [About the same time, Raymond’s brother Guy, future Pope Calixtus II, became archbishop of Vienne.]

By 1092, ‘Raymundus … Burgundie comes filius Willermi … comitis’ donated property to Saint-Bénigne de Dijon. (S) FMG.

1092, Raymond and Urraca took control of the government of Galacia.

5/1/1092, ‘Raymondus gener regis’ confirmed the donation by ‘Adefonsus … Hispaniarum rex … cum coniuge mea Constantia regina’ of property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña. (S) FMG.

1092, Raymond secured the see of Santiago for Dalmatius, a Cluniac monk.

1093, Urraca’s mother died; and Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon had a son Sancho by a mistress [nullifying his commitment to Raymond as his heir.]

5/1093, Raymond, Conde de Galicia y Coimbra, was transferred the cities of Lisbon, Santarem and Cintra. (S) FMG.

5/1092-1/93, Raymond married Urraca. (S) FMG.

2/1094, Raymond in a document of Alfonso VI named as ‘Count of Coimbra and all Galicia.’

1094, Diego Gelmirez became the notary of Count Raymond of Galacia. (S) Key Figures in Medieval Europe, Emmerson, 2006, P245.

1094-5, Alfonso VI combined the fiefs of Coimbra and Oporto, south of the Minho river, into one county and gave it to Henri of Burgundy, who was married to his illegitimate daughter Tarasia. [Future Portugal. This likely ended the pact between Raymond and Henri.]

12/1094-7/1095, Raymond made an agreement with his cousin Count Henri of Burgundy for support, under which Henri would be given Toledo on Raymon’s succession to Leon.

12/5/1095, The Pope took the see of Santigo under his direct control. [8 days later the Bishop died and the see became vacant.]

10/9/1096, Pelayo Xemeniz donated land ‘en Ville Ceide’ to the monastery of San Salvador, … ‘Sanxus comes in Toro et alius comes domino Ancricco in Auctario de Selles, comes Remundus tenente in Coria et in Zamora.’ (S) FMG.

1/19/1097, Brabolio Gutierrez sold land ‘en territorio de León las villas Cubillas’ to ‘Ordoño Sarraciniz y a su mujer Fronilde Ovéquiz’, … ‘comes Raimundus in Galicia et in Zamora.’ (S) FMG.

1/1098, Raymond styled ‘Conde de Grajal.’ (S) FMG.

4/7/1098, In a document of Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon: ‘Reimundus totius Gallecie comes regisque gener.’ (S) Curia and Cortes in Leon and Castile, Procter, 1980, P15.

8/13/1099, Pope Paschal II succeeded Urban II.

1/25/1100, ‘Adefonsus … Toletani imperii rex’ donated the churches of ‘Sancti Facundi et Sancti Primitivi … in vita sua dederam uxori mee Berte regine’, to Cluny, confirmed by ‘Raimundus totius Gallecie comes et gener regis, Urraca soror regis, Urraca regis filia et Raimundi comitis uxor, Enricus Portugalensis comes, uxor ipsius Tarasia filia regis.’

1100, Raymond secured the election of his fried Diego Gelmirez  as Bishop of Compostela. [Consecrated 4/21/1101.]

1100, ‘Raimundus comes frater comitis Stephani’ donated property to Cluny. (S) FMG.

1102, Raymond established his principal stronghold at the castle of Grajal. (S) FMG.

3/23/1103, ‘Waracta filia imperatoris Fernandi … Urraca regis filia et Reimundi comiti uxor …’ subscribed the charter under which ‘Adefonsus totius Ispanie imperator’ donated property to the monastery of San Salvador de Oña with the consent of ‘uxoris mee Helisabet regine’. (S) FMG.

9/1107, Raymond died; Queen Urraca succeeding as regent. The magnates of Spain gave an oath of support to Urraca and her son. Raimond buried at the Cathedral Santiago el Mayor, Santiago de Compostela.


12/18/1107, ‘Infanta dna Urraca Adefonsi imperatoris filia et totius Gallecie domina’ the monastery of San Andrés de Trobo to Santiago de Compostela by charter. (S) FMG.

12/1107 at Leon, Alfonso VI called a council of Galician magnates to review his succession in Galacia. Since Count Raymond had died, Alfonso wanted his son to succeed rather than the son of his daughter Urraca; who could rule as regent unless she remarried. [At the council Guy of Burgundy and Diego Gelmirez named as Urraca’s son’s guardians.]

5/1108, Urraca’s half-brother Sancho, her father’s heir, died in battle.

1108, Urraca’s father declared her the heiress to Castile. (S) FMG.

7/1/1109, Urraca’s father died; Uracca succeeding as Urraca I of Castile and Leon.

1109, Count Henri of Portugal invaded Leon, claiming the right of his wife Tarasia [starting a civil war that would last 5 years.]

8/1109, Urraca lost Toledo to the Almoravides.

12/1109, Urraca married Alfonso I of Aragon [the ‘Battler’, who seized most of her lands. Alfonso I, 2nd s/o Sancho Ramirez, King of Aragon and Navarre, would die without children, his heir being his younger brother Ramiro II of Aragon, father of Petronilla of Aragon, mother of Alfonso II of Aragon.] Many wanted her to marry Count Gomez Gonzalez.

10/26/1110, Count Henri supported Alfonso I of Aragon in the defeat of Queen Urraca’s forces at the battle of Candespina.

11/1110, Queen Urraca convinced Count Henri to switch sides.

12/1110, Count Henri joined Urraca in besieging Alfonso I of Aragon at Penafiel.

2/1111, Count Henri met with Urraca of Leon at Palencia over partioning of her possessions [which she did not keep.]

1111, Urraca appealed to Rome for an annulment of her marriage on the grounds of a common ancestor, which was granted; but not accepted by Alfonso of Aragon.

1111, Alfonso, the son, age 6, became King of Galicia in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

1111, Pedro Arias led an unsuccessful insurrection against Uracca and he son Alfonso.

5/1112, Count Henri of Portugal died; but his wife Tarasia would continue the conflict for lands in Leon.

5/14/1112, ‘Urraca totius Yspanie regina’ confirmed the donation of the monastery of San Andrés de Trobo to Santiago de Compostela. (S) FMG.

1112, Urraca became aligned with Pedro Gonzalez de Lara, who “displayed undue private faliliarity with the Queen.” (S) The Lara Family, Doubleday, 2001, P21. [Pedro and Urraca had a son and daughter, but did not marry.]

1113, Queen Urraca vied [successfully] with her half-sister Tarasia [Teresa] of Portugal, widow of Count Henri, for control of Leon-Castile.

6/1113 at Burgos, A sermon by Diego Gelmirez, archbishop of Compostela, recalled the glories of Spain under Alfonso VI; and said that since his death, under Queen Urraca and her son ecclesiastical rights had been violated, magnates of Spain reduced to impotence … the rest of Spain dominated by a few.

1114, Alfonso I of Aragon accepted a papal nullification of the marriage with Urraca. (S) Two Cities, Barber, 2004, P321.

10/1114, at Leon, In a Synod, traitors and perjurers were condemned [adopted by Bishop Diego Gelmirez a few weeks later.]

3/22/1115, Urraca issued the first of multiple diplomas witnessed by Rodrigo Gonzalez [comital title in 1121]. (S) The Lara Family, Doubleday, 2001, P143.

1115, Urraca allied herself with the townspeople of Santiago when Bishop Glemirez and Pedro Froilaz, count of Traba, attempted to make Alfonso I of Aragon king of Galacia.

12/25/1115, Urraca held her Christmas court at Leon.

1116, Pope Paschal II helped Urraca quell a revolt led by Menendo Nunez at Sahagun.

1116, Urraca had re-established control over most of Castile.

1116, Urraca granted donations to several monasteries; and toured her territories with her son Alfonso.

2/1117, at the council of Burgos, The consanguineous relationship that existed between Urraca and Alfonso I of Aragon was defined and accepted by both parties. A truce was created under which Alfonso kept his conquests in Castile, and Urraca kept hers in Vizcaya and Rioja.

1117, Queen Urraca finally won a long struggle for the allegiance of the people of Sahagun.

6/1117, Urraca and Bishop Diego besieged in the tower of the cathedral of Copostela, but escaped outside the city. The people eventually turned on the rebel leaders; whose property was confiscated.

1117, By the truce of the Council of Burgos, war between Castile and Aragon ended. Urraca granted her son Alfonso Toledo and the trans-Duero.

1/24/1118, Pope Gelasius II succeeded Paschal II.

By 5/1118, Urraca had severed relations with Alfonso the Battler. (S) History of Medieval Spain, O’Callaghan, 1975, P220.

2/1/1119, Pope Calixtus II succeeded Gelasius II. [Calixtus the brother of Raymond of Galicia.]

3/26/1119, ‘Urracha … Ispanie regina, regis Aldefonsi regineque Constantie filia’ donated property to the abbey of Silos. (S) FMG.

1119, During a revolt, Queen Urraca besieged at Leon. (S) Women in World History, Commire, 2001, P743.

3/20/1120, Pope Calixtus wrote a letter to the bishops, princes, counts, and knights of Spain in support of the rule of Alfonso, and against his mother Urraca.

1120, Urraca arrested Archbishop Gelmirez. [Alfonso appealed to the Pope to not have her excommunicated.]

8/21/1120, ‘Urraka … Ispanie regina, regis Adefonis regineque Constancie filia’ donated ‘ecclesiam Sancti Nicholai … in Villa Franca’ to Cluny. (S) FMG.

4/13/1121, ‘Urraca totius Ispanie regina et Aldefonsi imperatoris filia’ donated property to the abbey of Silos. (S) FMG.

1121, Urraca raised an army to invade Galicia. Urraca captured her half-sister Tarasia, but released her at the request of Bishop Gelmires and the archbishop of Braga. A final peace agreement was made between them.

10/7/1121, Pope Calixtus dispatched 5 letters ordering Urraca to free the archbishop and return all his property. (S) Calixtus II, Stroll, 2004, P259.

1123, Queen Urraca exerted her personal control by imprisoning the powerful Count Pedro Froilaz and isolating Gelmirez.

5/18/1123, Dona Urraco generated a charter witnessed by abbot Lopez Ferreiro, Iglesia de Santiago III.

11/1123, Urraca acknowledged her ‘bastard’ son, ‘Frenandus Petri minor filius’.

1124, Urraca reconquered Siguenza, Atienza, and Medinaceli.

12/21/1124, Pope Honorius II succeeded Calixtus II.

4/2/1125, On the death of Archbishop Bernard of Toledo, Alfonso and Queen Urraca wrote to Archbishop Gelmirez to warn him against taking advantage of Bernard’s death.

7/21/1125, Urraca issued a charter to the monastery of Silos. (S) The Kingdom of Leon-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, Reilly, 1998, P326.

3/10/1126, Urraca died; buried in the monastery of San Isidro, Leon.

(S) The Kingdom of Leon-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, Reilly, 1998. (S) Crisis of the 12th Century, Bisson, 2009. (S) Birth of the Chess Queen, Yalom, 2005. (S) Calixtus II, Stroll, 2004. (S) Medieval Iberia, Gerli, 2003, P186. (S) Portugal, Livermore, 2004, P12.

Child of Raymond and Urraca:

i. Alfonso VII of Spain (189110312), born 3/1/1105 in Spain.

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