Featured Post

||| LINK to author's Amazon page

Friday, August 28, 2020

Duke Hugh IV of Burgundy & Duchess Yolande de Dreux

 94562670. Duke Hugh IV of Burgundy & 94562671. Duchess Yolande de Dreux

3/9/1213, Hugh born in Burgundy s/o 189125340. Eudes III, duke of Burgundy, & 189125341. Alice de Vergy.

~1213, Yolande born in Dreux, France, d/o 189125342. Robert de Dreux & 189125343. Aanor Saint-Valery.

7/6/1218, Hugh succeeded his father.

7/14/1223, Louis VIII succeeded as king of France.

2/1225, Salins-les-Bains, in the Furieuse river valley, bought by Hugues IV, duke of Burgundy. (S) Vauban and the French Military, Lepage, 2010, P191.

11/8/1226, Louis IX, age 9, succeeded as king of France. Hugh, duke of Burgundy, attended the hasty coronation at Reims.

[––Hugh & Yolande––]

1229, Hugh married Yolande.

1229, Pope Gregory wrote to Hugh, duke of Burgundy, urging that he remain loyal to the King of France, and that he urge other princes to keep the peace in during the internal conflict in France. [Louis’ mother Queen Blanche, acting as regent during his minority, was being opposed by several barons. Hugh had joined an attack on the Count of Champagne.]

1/1230, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, served 40 days in the service of King Louis in the invasion of Anjou and Angers against Peter of Brittany.

12/1230, at Melun, Hugh, duke of burgundy, set his seal [with many others] to an ordinance fixing the interest owed to Jews on existing debts, and which forbade any future borrowing from Jews.

1234, Yolande’s father died.

5/1234, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, planned to invade Champagne, but was persuaded by royal injunction to suspened the attack. [Theobald of Champagne was away in Navarre at the time.]

9/1235, King Louis called a parliament at St. Denis attended by 41 barons, with the Hugh, duke of Burgundy, at their head. No distinction was made of peerage; the simple knights mixed with the greatest lords. At this time the principle was established that an equality of suffrages belonged to all who sat in the parliament. (S) Dignities, Feudal and Parliamentary, Betham, 1830, P33.

9/1/1236, ‘Hugo dux Burgundie’ names ‘matrem meam et Guillermum de Vergeio, avunculum meum.’

6/15/1237, Hugues ceded Salins-les-Bains to Count Jean de Chalon.

1239, Hugh joined the crusade at Lyons; meeting up with the forces of the King of Navarre, Count Peter of Brittany, Amaury of Montfort, the counts of Macon, Bar and Nevers, and many of the baronage of France.

1239, The crusaders traveled down the Rhone and sailed from Marseilles to Acre. The King of Navarre was elected their leader [although many supported Hugh.]

1239, Saracen horsemen surprised their forces near Gaza. The Count of Bar and the Lord of Clerment were killed. Hugh escaped; and Amaury of Montfort was captured.

9/1240, After a truce with the Sultan of Damascus, the King of Navarre and the Count of Brittany returned to France.

9/1240, Hugh joined with Richard of Cornwall; who had just arrived with forces from England.

10/8/1240, The crusaders arranged for the release of prisoners and the burial of crusaders killed in Gaza in 1239.

6/1241, The crusaders returned home.

3/29/1242, The Hohenstaufen-Meran counts placed their possessions under the protection of Hugh, duke of Burgundy. (S) New Cambridge Medieval History, V5, 1999, P362.

10/1244, at Cisteaux, Hugh attended King Louis and the king’s brothers, and the Queen Mother [by special permission entering a house of monks] to ask for prayers of their general assembly.

11/1245 at Cluny, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, met with King Louis, the Pope, the Emperor of the East, the Princes of Aragon and Castile, as well as multiple Cardinals and barons. [Likely about the next crusade.]

11/1246, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, Count Peter of Brittany, the Count of Angouleme, and the Count of St. Paul elected by an assembly of magnates and barons, who had pledged that they and their heirs would aid one another to pursue and defend their right against clerics, to receive complaints and decide what to do in each case.

Aft. 1248, Yolande died.


8/12/1248, King Louis left Paris for the crusade.

1249, Hugh left on the crusade, joining with King Louis’ forces at Limesson.

5/13/1249, The crusaders left Cyprus for Damietta in Egypt.

6/23/1249, The crusaders captured Damietta.

11/20/1249, King Louis departed Damietta for Mansourah. A force of 500 under the command of Hugh, duke of Burgundy, was left to defend the city. [Most of the wives, including Queen Margaret remained in Damietta.]

2/1250, King Louis took his cavalry to ford the Tafnis river 4 miles from Mansourah [they had been searching for a place to ford the river for some time.] Once across, they engaged a small Saracen force. On pursuing, the crusaders’ vanguard became engaged by a force far superior in number to theirs. On retreating back through Mansourah many were killed. Putsuing, the Saracens engaged the main force of the crusaders who sent them in retreat. Hugh arrived with crossbowmen; having been delayed while building a raft to cross the river. The bowmen forced the Saracens into a complete retreat. [Although the Saracens attacked the city again over the next several days.]

2-4/1250, While holding Mansourah, many became severely ill [plague] and they began to run out of food.

4/5/1250, King Louis, Hugh, and others led a retreat back to Damietta by way of the river during the cover of night.

4/6/1250, King Louis defeated and captured at the battle of Fariskur by Egyptian forces. Hugh and the papal legate were two of the few leaders to escape captivity or death and make it back to Damietta. While Louis was captive, Queen Marguerite, pregnant, ruled from Damietta. Egyptian forces appeared and starting building siege devices.

5/1250, An agreement was made to release King Louis and others for a ransom. King Louis remained at Acre, but most of the crusaders returned France.

1251, Emperor William of Holland pledged Arles, Besancon, Lausanne and their imperial rights to Hugo, duke of Burgundy for 10,000 silver marks. (S) Nunismatic Chronicle, V19, 1757, P95.

1256, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, expelled the Jews with the king’s approval. (S) Jews of France, Benbassa, 2001, P20.

9/3/1257, Pope Alexander IV wrote to Hugh, duke of Burgundy, urging Hugh to enforce new regulations about Jews not holding office, and being forced to wear special clothing. (S) Church, State, and Jew; Chazan, 1980, P177.

1258, Hugh married Beatrice, d/o Theobald IV of Champagne.

9/1258, Hugh, duke of Burgundy, gave homage to Alfonso of Castile as the new Holy Roman Emperor. (S) Henry III of England, Weiler, 2006, P180.

1259, Hugh bought the estates of Jocerand de Brancion, who had died at Mansourah, from Jocerand’s son. (S) Companion Guide to Burgundy, Speaight, 1996, P339.

1265, Hugh financially aided the crusade of his eldest son, Count Eudes of Nevers, who took 50-60 knights to Acre where they helped prevent the capture of the city. [Eudes of Nevers would not return from the Holy Land.] (S) The Crusades, Richard, 1999, P417.

1265, Hugh’s sister Béatrice Gräfin von Orlamünde  sold her rights to the county to Duke Hugues at Strasbourg.

1/1266 at Paris, Baldwin II, driven from Constantinople, ceded the title King of Saloniki to Hugh to get his support, for 13,000 livres tournois. Hugh transmitted the title to his brother Robert. (S) History of Greece, Finlay, 1877, P120.

10/9/1269, The Bishop of Langres approved an agreement between Hugues, duke of Burgundy, and Jean de Montreal under which the latter transferred his rights in the castles and lands of ‘Montreal et Chastelgirard’ in return for ‘la Mote de Athées ... et ... la terre de Montréal hors la ville.’

4/20/1270 at Saint-Jean-de-Losne, Hugh renounced his claim to the county of Burgundy by agreement with Jeand de Chalon.

11/11/1270, Charles I, King of Sicily, named Hugh as Captain and Vicar-General of the kingdom of Sicily.

9/1272, Hugh wrote his will, appointing his heir and listing all his castles.

10/23/1272, Hugh transferred his duchy to his third son Robert.

10/27/1272, Hugh died.

(S) Saint Louis, Perry, 1901. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Child of Hugh and Yolande:

i. Adelaide of Burgundy (47281335), born ~1233 in Burgundy.

No comments: