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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Duke Robert I of Normandy & Mistress Harleve of Falaise

756441096. Duke Robert I of Normandy & 756441097. Mistress Harleve of Falaise

10/24/996, King Robert II the Pious succeeded his father Hugh as King of France.

6/22/1000, Robert ‘the Magnificant’ born in Normandy, s/o 1512882192. Richard the Good & 1512882193. Judith de Bretagne.

~1008, Harleve born in Falaise, France [sister of Walter of Falaise. Walter’s son is William de Moulins, lord of Moulins-la-Marche (fl.1077). (S) Medieval Prosopography, V13, No.1, 1992, Tabuteau, P30.]

8/23/1026, Robert’s father died, his brother succeeding as Richard III, duke of Normandy; Robert succeeded as count of Heimois.

1026-27, Robert, in conflict with his brother, established himself at the castle of Falaise [on the promontory of quartozose cliffs rising from the valley of Ante, said to have been built by Robert’s ancestor Rollo the Viking.]

8/6/1027, Robert’s brother Richard died of poisoning; Robert succeeding as duke of Normandy. [Richard’s son Nicholas was sent to a monastery at Fecamp, where he would become the abbot.]

1027, Robert’s succession challenged by Alan of Brittany.

1028, Robert besieged Evreux and forced his uncle Robert, archbishop of Rouen, into exile. The archbishop then put Normandy under an interdict.

1029, Duke Robert, travelling to England, was driven by a storm to the island of Guernsey, where he was hosted by Benedictine monks. Robert ceded them the lands within the Close of the Vale. (S) Jersey, Guernsey …, Black, 1889, P64.

1029-35, Duke Robert gave the tithe of the fairs and markets in all of Heimois to Saint Wandrille. (S) Monastic Revival, Potts, 1997, P74.

1030, Duke Robert promised to aid Robert II of France against Baldwin V, count of Flanders.

By 1031, Robert had solidified his control of Normandy.

7/20/1031, Henry I became King of France on the death of his father.

1031-2, Henry’s mother, Queen Constance, having allied nobles against the king, captured Soissons, Sens and multiple other fortresses. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance.

1031-35, ‘Robert, son of the second Richard, by the will of God duke of the Normans, and myself by God’s grace prince and duke of the Normans … bestowed … called Fecamp … for the salvation of my soul and the soulds of my progenitors, my brothers also and my sisters.’ (S) Norman Conquest of England, Brown, 1984, P140.

4/1032 at Orleans, Baldwin of Flanders, Fulk Nerra, Robert of Burgundy, Robert of Normandy, Herbert of maine, and Odo II of Blois some of the great magnates at the court of King Henry I. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993, P210.

1032, King Henry I made a grant to Robert of Normandy. (S) William the Conqueror, Stenton, 1908, P131.

1032, Duke Robert founded the Abbaye de Cerisy-la-Foret. (S) Short Breaks in Northern France, Rider, 2005, P293.

1033, Queen Constance gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. King Henry I of France beseiged his mother Queen Constance at Poissy. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance.

1033-34, Robert the Magnificent subscribed the charter of Edward the Confessor [King of the English] to Mt. St. Michel. (S) Norman Conquest of England, Brown, 1984, P139. [Edward & Robert were half-1st cousins.]

1034, Robert I, Duke of Normandy, attempted an unsuccessful invasion of England in Support of Edward’s claim of the crown of England.

1034, Robert decided to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem; naming his natural son William as his heir.

[Undated], Robert founded 9 monasteries, and made large gifts to all the churches in his duchy. (S) Cameos from English History, Yonge, 1899, P18.

1/1035, Robert convened his barons and had them swear allegiance to William.

1035, Robert visited Rome where the pope gave him a cross.

1035, Robert traveled from Rome to Constantinople.

1035, Robert arrived at Jerusalem [and sent relics back to the abbey of Cerisy.]

7/3/1035, Robert the Magnificent died [poisoned, his companion Count d’Arques also died] in Nicaea [Cyprus] returning from crusade.


1040, Hardicanute became king of both Denmark and England.

Herleva married Herluin, vicomte of Conteville [ancestors of the Counts of Mortain.]

1049-50 at Eu, William, son of Herleva, married to Matilda of Flanders. Herleva and Herluin de Conteville were in attendance.

Herleve died.

(S) King William the Conqueror, Evans, 1956. (S) William the Conqueror, Douglas, 1999.

Family notes:

Harleve aka Arlette. Robert and Harleve never married.

Children of Robert and Harleve:

i. William the Conqueror (378220548), born 1027 in Falaise, France.

ii. Adelaide of Normandy (1279328487), born by 1034 in Normandy.

Child of Herluin and Harleve:

i. Robert of Mortain, born aft. 1035 in France.

1055-56, Duke William disinherited William Warlenc, count of Mortain, and created his half-brother Robert as the comte.

Robert married Matilda, d/o 639664140. Earl Roger de Montgomery & 639664141. Countess Mabel Talvas de Alencon.

1066-69, Robert help his half-brother William pacify Enland.

1086, Robert was the largest landholder in England after The King and the church.

1088, Robert joined the rebellion and submitted after a 6-week siege by King William at Pevensey. Robert was pardoned but returned to Normandy where he died.

ii. Odo of Bayeux, born ~1037 in France.

1050, Odo created the bishop of Bayeaux by his half-brother Duke William.

Aft. 1066, Odo created the Earl of Kent by his half-brother King William.

1082, Odo arrested and imprisoned at Rouen.

1087, With the death of King William, his son King William Rufus freed Odo at the urging of his brother Robert of Mortain.

1088, Odo joined the rebellion on the continent and lost all his English lands.

1095, Odo joined the first crusade.

1097, Odo died in transit at Palermo, Italy.

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