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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl William d’Aubigny & Queen Adeliza de Louvain

 189125124. Earl William d’Aubigny & 189125125. Queen Adeliza de Louvain

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.

~1105, Adeliza born in Louvain, France, d/o 378250250. Duke Godfrey I of Brabant & 378250251. Ida de Chiny & de Namur.

1110, William born in England, s/o 378250248. William d’Aubigny & 378250249. Maud le Bigod.

[–––King Henry & Adeliza–––]

1/29/1121 at Windsor castle, King Henry I (189110274) married Adeliza de Louvain as part of a truce with Anjou.

1/30/1121, Adeliza crowned as Queen. (S) The Anglo-Norman Voyabe of St. Brendan, Collectif, P23.

5/1121, Adeliza appeared with King Henry, wearing her crown, at Pentecost.

1123, Queen Adeliza with King Henry at Woodstock. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P193.

8/1124, King Henry and Queen Adeliza viewed the body of St. Romanus at Rouen. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P128. [St. Romanus was born of parents miraculously cured of infertility.]

1126-27, Adeliza appeared multiple times with King Henry. (S) Henry I, Green, 2006, P170.

5/1133, Most of London including the church of St. Paul the Apostle was destroyed by fire.

12/1/1135, King Henry I died.


12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England, usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; and starting a civil war.

1/5/1136, Queen Adeliza attended the funeral of King Henry I at Reading. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P202.

1136, The castle and honour of Arundel was settled on Queen Adelisa after King Henry died.

4/1136 at Westminister, after King Stephen’s coronation, William d’Aubigny, pincerna, signed King Stephen’s charter of Winchester.

1136, Joscelin of Louvain (1947060760) [brother of Adeliza] attested Queen Adeliza’s charter in favor of Reading abbey. (S) Sussex Arch. Collections, V140, 2003, P59.

12/1/1136, Queen Adeliza hosted a gathering at Reading abbey on the anniversary of King Henry’s death, granting the manor of Aston to Reading. (S) Henri I, Hollister, 2003, P440.

3/1137, William d’Aubigny, pincerna, crossed the channel to Normandy with King Stephen. They met with Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester; then traveled to Everux to meet with the King’s brother Thibaut.

6/1137, William with King Stephen at Lisieux [from which they went to Pontaudemar.]

1138, William d’Albini completed the shell-keep of Arundel castle. (S) Britain’s Medieval Castle, Hull, 2006, P175.

8/1138, William d’Aubigny, pincerna, with King Stephen as he besieged and quickly captured the town and castle of Shrewsbury.

Bef. 1139, Widowed Queen Adeliza made her brother Jocelin the warden of Arundel castle.

1/5/1139, William d’Aubigny, pincerna, with King Stephen at Reading for the anniversary of the burial of King Henry I.

1/25/1139, Andeliza’s father died.

1139, William’s father died.

9/1139, King Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England. Empress Matilda landed at Arundel in Sussex, Adeliza’s castle 5 miles from the coast. William with King Stephen who stopped the siege of Corfe castle, proceeded to Arundel. Not wanting to be perceived as attacking Matilda and her stepmother [Adeliza], King Stephen arranged for her to be escourted to her brother Joscelin at Bristol. (S) She-Wolves, Castor, 2011, P89.

[–––William & Adeliza–––]

1139, William married Adeliza, acquiring the castle and honour of Arundel; and granted a mint at castle Rising.

1139, William created earl of Lincoln. [Later given to William de Roumare.]

4/1140, at Newtown, 8 miles from Hereford, Robert de Beaumont created earl of Hereford by King Stephen. The charter was attested by his brother Waleran, William earl Warren, William d’Aubigny, earl of Lincoln, William, count of Aumale and earl of York, and Earl Simon.

6/1140, Earl William d’Aubigny with King Stephen at his court at Norwich. [William held castle Rising close to the port of King’s Lynn.]

1140, Adeliza began a series of grants to Reading in which she mentions lights burning in King Henry’s tomb; and the first of which is attested by William d’Aubigny, earl of Lincoln.

2/2/1141, King Stephen taken prisoner by Empress Matilda at the battle of Lincoln.

3/1141 at Reading, Matilda the Empress notifited the barons of Oxfordshire of her grant to Reading abbey of the church of Stanton; confirmed by her father’s widow, Queen Adeliza, and her husband William de Albini. (S) Facsimiles of Royal and Other Charters, British Museum, 1903, P20.

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Mathilde of Boulogne. The Empress’ brother Robert of Gloucester captured. William, earl of Arundel, participated in the battle on the side of Queen Mathilde [and is one of those credited with securing the King’s release].

11/1/1141, Matilda exchanged King Stephen for Robert.

By 12/1141, Stephen made William, earl of Aundel [Sussex]. (S) Constitutional History of England, V1, 1903, P391.

12/25/1141 at Canterbury, Stephen again crowned King, and held a Christmas court. William d’Aubigny, earl of Sussex attended.

1142, At the battle of St. Albans, William, earl of Arundel, “unhorsed  in the midst of the water” by Walkeline de Oxeai and almost drowned. (S) Genealogical History …, Burke, 1866, P2.

9/29/1143, King Stephen held court at St. Albans, ordering the arrest of Earl Geoffrey de Mandeville. William, earl of Aundel, an advisary of Earl Geoffrey, attended the court.

5/6/1146, At the siege of Wallingford with King Stephen, William gave “an eloquent speech on the need for national reconcilation” [according to Gervase of Canterbury.]

12/25/1146, King Stephen held Christmas court at Lincoln. Earl William d’Aubigny witnessed a charter at this court to a new Cistercian monastery.

5/1147, William d’Aubigny, earl of Sussex, attended the dedication of a new church at Lewes priory, organized by William de Warren, who was leaving on crusade.

1147, William, earl of Arundel, gave the s.w. quarter of the city of Chichester to the church. (S) Building News and Engineering, Vs26-27, 1874, P525.

2/2/1148, William d’Aubigny pledged restitution for the damage he had caused to the cathedral at Chicherster.

1149, William, earl of Chichester, sent a letter to Bishop Hilary informing him that the church of St. Nicholas already belonged to the monks of Seez. (S) Norman Monasteries, Matthew, 1962, P56.

1150, “W comes Cicestrie … et regina Adelide" granted land at Wymondham, Norfolk to the church of St Lazarus of Jerusalem by charter, witnessed by Rogero de Albineio.

Bef. 1151, Joscelin granted the honour of Petworth, Sussex, by his sister Queen Adelisa. [Jocelin became a key figure in the retinue of William, earl of Sussex and Arundel.]

4/23/1151, Adeliza died at the at Nunnery of Afflinghem, South Brabant, France; her body buried with King Henry I at Reading.


1152, William, earl of Chichester, endowed a priory on his estate at Buckenham, called the Abbey for Black Canons of the Order of St. Augustin … for the salvation of King Stephen and the Queen Matilda, … and for the soul of Queen Alelicia, his wife, and for the salvation of their children, and for the souls of his father and mother … (S) Memorial of the Parochial Church, Barrett, 1848, P24.

1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry.

Winter/1153, A truce between King Stephen and Henry II was arranged on the King’s side by 2 earls, William d’Aubigny and Simon de Senlis.

11/6/1153, At Westminster, the Treaty of Wallingford recognized Duke Henry as the heir of his cousin King Stephen. William d’Aubigny, earl of Chichester, was the first earl to sign the treaty.

1153-54, William d’Aubigny, earl of Chichester, an advisor in England for Duke Henry.

4/1154 in London, Earl William d’Aubigny attended the Easter court of King Stephen.

10/25/1154, King Stephen died.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England. Reginald, earl of Cornwall, attended the coronation and attested a gift to William, earl of Arundel, the castle and honour of Arundel and the ‘tertium denarium of Sussex’ [earldom of Sussex.] 

3/27/1155, at the Great Council of London, King Henry confirmed the charter to the Norman Abbey of St. Sauveur le Vicomet, the donation which Queen Adeliza and William, earl of Chichester (her 2nd husband) made. … Witnesses … Reginald, earl of Cornwall; William, earl of Chichester, …

Bef. 1157, William Avenel attested a charter of William earl of Chichester.

2/2/1158, Charter of William, earl of Arundel, granting to the abbey of Montebourg … the church of St. Lo of Ansleville. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, 1899, P315.

12/25/1160 at Le Mans, Normandy, William, earl of Arundel, attended the Christmas court of King Henry and Queen Eleanor.

1/1161, William, earl of Arundel, witnessed a royal charter to the Canons of St. Bartholomew, London.

1162, William, earl of Arundel’s scutage in Warwickshire amounted to 20s. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1925, P8.

3/8/1163, at Westminster, William, earl of Arundel, appointed one of the King’s assessors for a Curia Regis.

3/19/1163, at Dover, William witnessed a treaty between King Henry, Prince Henry, with Theodoric, Comte of Flanders, and Comte Philip, his son; addressing the military services under which the Comtes of Flanders were bound to the King of England.

1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: Robert count of I`eicester, Reginald count of Cornwall, Conan count of Bretagne, John count of Eu, Roger count of Clare, count Geoffrey of Mandeville, Hugo count of Chester, William count of Arundel, count Patrick, William count of Ferrara, …, and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.

11/1164, William and other magnates made a diplomatic mission to King Louis VII of France and the Pope concerning an appeal by Thomas Becket. (S) History – County of Sussex, V1, Dallaway, 1815, P40.

1164-65, William, earl of Arundel, making a return of the Knights’ Fees in the Nonour of Arundel “… a certain dispute which arose among the Knights of the Honour of Arundel about a certain Army of Wales, …” (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V2, Eyton, 1855, P202.

1/25/1165, Wm. d’Aubeigny, earl of Arundel, witnessed a royal grant of the land of Chalk to Gervase de Cornhill.

1166, William d’Aubigny of Sussex, held 163 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

9/1167, William escorted King Henry’s daughter Matilda to Germany for her marriage to Henry of Saxony.

1168, On the assessment of Aid for the marriage of the King’s daughter, some tenants in Sussex disputed their general liability in respect to service claimed by William, earl of Arundel. (S) Red Book of the Exchequer, Pt2, 1896, P-CCIII.

9/1169, William, earl of Arundel, a witness to a feoffment in the Curia Regis at Westminster.

6/14/1170 at Westminster, William present at the coronation of King Henry the Young.

1171, £10 paid to William, earl of Arundel, out of the issues of Chichester, for the repair of Arundel castle. (S) Honors and Knight’s Fees, Ferrar, 1923, P57.

1171, William, earl of Arundel, paid £66 10s for the quota for his ward Henry of Eu [to marry his daughter Alice] for the scutage of Ireland. (S) Yorkshire Arch. And Topo. Journal, V9, 1886, P279.

1172, William de Albini, earl of Arundel, gae a portion of Offham to Hugh Esburnie. (S) History of the Castles, Mansions, … Sussex, Elwes, 1876, P217.

2/2/1173, at Mont Ferratz near Clemont, William, earl of Arundel, a commissioner who swore in the name of the King to a marriage arrangment for Prince John with Aalays, d/o Hubert, Comte of Maurianne.

4/1173, King Henry’s eldest 3 sons revolt against their father.

4/15/1173, K. Henry held his Easter court at Alencon. Notable supporters in attendance: William, earl of Arundel, and his son William de Albini.

10/17/1173, During the rebellion of King Henry the young, William, head of the Royal army, with the earls of Cornwall, and Gloucester, and forces of Humphrey de Bohun and Richard de Luci, defeated the Earl of Leicester’s army near Bury St. Edmunds. [Battle of Fornham.]

1174 at Woodstock, Henry, King of the English and Duke of the Normans and Aquitainians and count of the Angevins, to his sheriffs and officers throughout all England … granted to the abbey of Cerne … Witnesses, … William earl of Arundel, Richard earl of Corwall. (S) Feudal Assessements, Keefe, 1983, P60.

6/15/1175 at Woodstock, William, earl of Arundel, attested a royal charter to Cerne abbey.

10/1175, at Ludgershall, Earl William of Arundel attested a royal charter to the Norman abbey of Mont St. Michel.

[Undated], William d'Aubigny established New Buckenham, a castle and a borough, 2 miles from his existing castle and settlement at Old Buckenham. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

10/12/1176, William, the Pincerna, died at Waverley Abbey, Surrey; buried [on the 19th] at Wymondham Priory, Norfolk, England.

(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010.

Children of William and Adeliza:

i. Alice d’Aubeney (378236685), born ~1140 in England.

1178, Alice, countess of Eu, granted the manor of Snargate in Romney Marsh to the abbey of Robertsbridge, Sussex, for the souls of her father William, earl of Arundel, mother Queen Adeliza, husband John, count of Eu, brother Godfrey, and daughters Matilda and Margaret, all deceased. [Brother William (d.1193) living.]

ii. William d’Aubeney (94562562), born ~1141 in England.

iii. Agnes d’Aubeney, born ~1143 in England.

Agnes married Radulf fitz Savaric.

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