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Saturday, August 8, 2020

Earl William de Warenne & Countess Matilda Marshall & Earl Hugh le Bigod

 47279560. Earl William de Warenne & 47279561. Countess Matilda Marshall & 19909646. Earl Hugh le Bigod

~1175, William ‘Plantagenet’ born in Sussex, England, s/o 94559120. Hamelin Plantagenet & 94559120. Isabel Warren.

~1184, Hugh born in England, heir & s/o 39819292. Roger le Bigod & 39819293. Ida de Tony.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1192, Matilda born in England, eldest d/o 94559174. William Marshall & 94559175. Isabel de Clare.

1197 at Rouen, France, William de Warenne witnessed a charter of King Richard I.

4/6/1199, King Richard I died.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1199, Hugh le Bigod, holding the fair of Bungay, Suffolk, gave 40 marks to King John to extend the fair. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

~1201, Hugh le Bigod’s father turned over to him 10 knights’ fees in Yorkshire.

4/2/1202, William succeeded his father as Earl of Surrey. [William titled himself William, earl Warren.]

5/12/1202, William given livery of his lands.

1203-04, King Philip II of France captured many English landholdings on the continent; including William’s lands of Bellencombre.

4/19/1205, King John granted to William both Grantham and Stamford, Lincolnshire to compensate him for the loss of his lands in Normandy. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P35.

2/1206, William escorted the King of the Scots to York.

 [–––Hugh & Matilda–––]

1206, Sir Hugh married Matilda.

1206, William owed King John a palfrey as a fine for not being a judicicary of the Cinque-ports.

Aft. 5/1206, William with King John when he landed at La Rochelle and recaptured Angiers.

1207, Earl Warenne (Surrey) gave £2000 for the warship of the lands of Gilbert of Laigle. (S) The Angevin Empire, Ramsay, 1903, P505.

1208, William de Warenne paid a fine that his knights might not go overseas to Poitou.

8/28/1208, William, Earl Warenne, the 1st witness of a charter of King John to Henry fitz Warine of Lancaster. (S) History of the Commerce and Town of Liverpool, V1, 1852, P80.

[––William & Maud D’Aubigny––]

William married 1st Maud D’Aubigny, d/o 94562562. Earl William D’Aubigny & 79958113. Maud de St. Hillary.

6/6/1210, King John launched successful attacks in Ireland with 700 ships. Earl Warren sent a retinue had 8 knights [of his 60 fees held.] (S) Studies in Taxation, Mitchell, 1914, P97. Hugh le Bigod participated in the Irish campaign of King John.

8/20/1212, William and two others given the custody, during pleasure, of the castles of Bamborough and Newcastle-on-Tyne, and the bailiwick of the county of Northumberland.

5/15/1213, Earl William de Warren, a witness of the document in which King John resigned his crown to the Pope. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P194.

5/24/1213, From: Geoffrey Fitz Piers (189118338), earl of Essex, justiciar; Reginald, count of Boulogne; Ranulf de Blundeville, earl of Chester; William, earl of Warenne; William the marshall, earl of Pembroke. To: William d'Aubigny, earl of Arundel; William, earl of Ferrers; William Bruwere; Robert de Ros; Gilbert son of Renfed; Roger de Mortuo Mari; Peter son of Herbert. They will ensure that King John will observe the terms of the settlement made between him and the Church in England. (S) UKNA.

10/31/1213, William, earl Warenne, directed by Pope Innocent III to complete and keep the peace between King John and the English church.

10/21/1214, William, earl Warenne, attested King John’s charter of freedom of election to the churches.

4/1215, Hugh and his father joined the confederacy of barons against King John, assembled at Stamford with 2000 knights.

5/1215, King John sent William Marshall, Earl Warenne, and Archbishop Langton to Brackley, Northamptonshire to demand a more specific account of the laws and liberties desired by the barons.

6/15/1215 at Runnymede, King John forced to sign the Magna Carta. William earl Warren a signer of the Magna Carta. (S) King John, Revised Edition; Warren, 1978, P265.

11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, Hugh and his father Roger elected as 2 of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.

1215, William’s wife Maud died; buried at Lewes.


11/1215, William, earl Warren, one of the king’s representatives at a conference with Londoners to treat for peace.

12/16/1215, Hugh and his father excommunicated.

5/12/1216, King Louis VIII of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. William supported his effort to be crowned King.  (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P296.

1216, William had some of his lands taken. These were quickly restored, and others, particularly in Norfolk, added.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England. William did not initially support Henry’s succession.

4/1217, A truce of 8 days was arranged between Regent William Marshall and Earl William; after which William gave allegiance to King Henry III.

1217, William took part in the naval battle against the French in which their naval commander Eustace the Monk was defeated and slain.

10/1217, Hugh le Bigod pledged £15 for Robert de Lisle and Rose his wife. (S) FRsHIII.

5-6/1218, William, earl Warenne received into custody Lucian de Arguil, a prisoner from Carrickfergus. Hostages for him … 100 marks, 2 war horses, and 10 goshawks are exacted from the hostages. (S) Calendar of Docuent, Relating to Ireland, 1875, P124.

5/14/1219, Matilda’s father died; Hugh le Bigod earl-marshall and lord of Carlow, Ireland, in right of his wife. (S) Conquest of Ireland, Hill, 2004, PgC-29.

1220, Matilda’s mother died.

3/1220, William execused himself from King Henry’s official coronation by reasons of ill health.

4/1220, William appointed to meet the King of Scotland at Berwick.

5/1/1221, The King to Ranulph Earl of Chester … agreed between you and Hugh le Bigod, son and heir of Earl Roger le Bigod, … in respect to the stewardship of our Household … ten knights’ fees … (S) 3 Papers Relating to Claims by Successive Earls of Shrewsbury, 1855, P8.

1221, King Henry III, Hugh de Mortimer, and William de Warenne, earl of Surrey, at the siege of Bytham castle, Lincolnshire; which was defended by William de Forz, earl of Albemarle and William d’Aubigny.

1221, Hugh succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk.

8/2/1221, Hugh Bigod has performed his homage for the lands formerly of Earl Roger Bigod, his father, which he held of the king in chief and which fall to Hugh by hereditary right. (S) FRsHIII.

1222, William, earl Warren, arrested Jewish burgesses at Grantham on the charge of ridiculing the Christian faith.

11/23/1222, Earl Hugh le Bigod granted a market at Dovercourt, Essex. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

1223, Hugh le Bigod, earl of Norfolk, served in Wales. (S) History and Antiquities of Harwich, Taylor, 1730, P132.

3/27/1224, Order to the keeper of the honour of Boulogne to place in respite the demand of 8m that he makes from Earl H. Bigod for the first scutage of the king. (S) FRsHIII.

8/18/1224, The King at Bedford in the presence of Hubert de Burg Justiciary, …, William Earl Warren, …, Hugh Earl Bigod, Humphrey Earl of Hereford, … Relaxation of the subsidy granted to the king by the clergy, for the siege of Bedford. (S) Manuscripts of the Duke of Beaufort, 1891, P556.

1224, William de Warenne received custody of the wife of Falkes de Breaute, who went into exile. William accompanied Falkes to his ship as he was leaving England.

2/11/1225, William de Warren and Hugh le Bigod both witnessed the confirmation of the Magna Carta by King Henry III.

1/1225, King Henry reissued the Magna Carta, which became the official text. (S) Hist. Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, Thomson, 1829, P130. [Witnesses: … Hubert de Burgh, the King’s Justiciary; Randolph Earl of Chester and Lincoln, William Earl of Salisbury, William Earl of Warren, Gilbert de Clare Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, William de Ferrers Earl of Derby, William de Mandeville Earl of Essex, Hugh le Bigod Earl of Norfolk, William Earl of Ablemarle, Humphrey Earl of Hereford, John Constable of Chester, Robert de Ros, Robert fitz Walter, Robert de Vipont, William de Brewer, Richard de Montifichet, Peter Fitz Herbert, Matthew Fitz Herbert, William de Albiniac, Robert Gresley, Reginald de Bruce, John de Monmouth, John Fitz Alan, Hugh de Mortimer, Walter de Beauchamp, William de Saint John, Peter de Mauley, Brian de Lisle, Thomas de Muleton, Richard de Argentine, Walter de Neville, William Mauduit, John de Baalun.]

2/1225, Hugh le Bigod died.


2/18/1225, … H. Bigod, earl of Norfolk, who is dead … Thomas de Blundeville, … is to cause Matilda, who was the wife of the same earl , to have and be assigned her reasonable dower. (S) FRsHIII.

[–––William & Matilda–––]

By 5/1225, Matilda married 2nd William.

5/12/1226, William earl Warenne a surety for Walter de Lascy for the castles of Carrickfergus, Antrim, and Rath. (S) Calendar of Docuent, Relating to Ireland, 1875, P207.

10/27/1226, The king’s faithful and beloved brother, Alexander, King of Scots, has made fine with him by 500 m., …, for having to himself or to his assigns, until the full age of the heirs of H. Bigod, formerly earl of Norfolk, …  to inquire diligently … what lands and fees pertain to W. earl Warenne and Matilda, his wife, in the name of dower … (S) FRsHIII.

1227, William joined the Earl of Cornwall at Stamford in his revolt, but by Christmas was supporting King Henry III again.

1227, Grant by Mary daughter of William de Novo Mercato of Cateby, to Matilda Bigot, countess of Warenne and Norfolk, of the hermitage of St. Margaret’s, Cateby. (S) Descr. Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, 1900, P137.

5/1230, William a justice named as 1 of 3 regents when King Henry went abroad.

1232, William de Warenne one of the judges at the trial of Hubert de Burgh [and one of his keepers when Hubert was imprisoned in the Castle of Devizes.]

11/8/1233, The fine of Hugh d’Aubigny for having his lands. Pledges of the said Hugh … The Earl Warenne for 500 m. … William Bardolf for 50 m. Thomas of Moulton for 50 m. Hugh Wake for 50 m. … John de Vieuxpont for 50 m. John de Vaux for 20 m. Payn de Chaworth for 40 m. … William de Percy for 200 m. … (S) FRsHIII.

1234, William de Warenne requested of the abbot and convent of St. Edmund’s to lend him their great sapphire, King Henry mainprising for the return of the stone.

1/14/1236, William acted as Butler at the Coronation of Queen Eleanor of Provence. [William was acting in place of his son-in-law Hugh de Albini, a minor.]

1/28/1236, William witnessed the reissue of the Magna Carta.

1237, William a member of the opposition leaders was made a member of the royal council.

9/25/1237 at York, By treaty, Alexander II of Scotland asserted to King Henry of England that he was owed Northumberland as dowry of Joanna. King Henry acknowledge a grant of Tynedale in Northumberland, as well as the Earldom of Chester. … witness … William de Warren, earl of Surrey … (S) POMS.

1238, William sent by the king to Oxford to suppress violence by the scholars towards the legate Otho and his followers.

5/27/1240 in London, William died; buried at before the High Altar, Lewes Priory, Sussex.


2/7/1242,  The king has granted to Matilda, Countess Warenne , all lands and tenements formerly of W., formerly Earl Warenne, in Norfolk and Yorkshire which pertain to the king by reason of the custody of the land and heir of the aforesaid earl being in his hand, namely in Yorkshire the manors of Wakefield and Conisbrough , the water of Bradmere and a certain chamber in Thorne. (S) FRsHIII.

12/1245, Maud succeeded to the marshalcy on the death of her brother Anselm, Earl of Pembroke.

1246, In the partition of the fees of Walter Marshal, earl of pembroke, 1 fee on Stagenhoe, Herts., which Simon son of Simon lately held of the earl, assigned to Matilda countess of Warenne. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1923, P115.

1246, Matill Marescalla Angliae, comitissa Norfolciae et Warennae, granted the Marshal’s rod [making her marshall of England] by King Henry III.

5/1247, In the partition of Leinster, Matilda, dowater countess of Warenne, received Carlow. (S) The Clares, V83, 1965, P284.

3/27/1248, Matilda, Countess of Norfolk and Warenne, and Marshal of England, died; buried at Tintern abbey [Monmouthshire] beside her mother. [4/27/1248, The king seized all the lands of Matilda, “deceased”, in Ireland. (S) Calendar of Documents, Relating to Ireland; 1875, P437.]

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P85. (S) History of the East Anglian Soke, Hood, 1918. (S) DNB, Watkins, 1899, P376.

Family notes:

·         This William, in his early years, can be confused with a William de Warenne, who over a period of 18 years is the most common person named in actions associated with the Jews. He was both Chief Justiciary of the Jews and a Baron of the Exchequer; dying about 1209. (S) DNB, 1899, P376.

·         Hugh le Bigod had a half-uncle of the same name who was active in the years of Kings Richard and John; died aft. 1206.

Children of Hugh and Matilda: [4 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Roger le Bigod (19909646i), born ~1209 in England.

ii. Isabel Bigod (9954823), born ~1210 in Suffolk, England.

Children of William and Maud:

i. Isabel de Warren, born ? in England.

Isabel married Earl Hugh D’Aubigny, s/o 973530514. Earl William D’Aubigny. [No children.]

1282, Isabella de Albianaco, sometimes countess of Arundel, died.

ii. John de Warren (23639780), born 1233 in Sussex, England.

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