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Saturday, August 8, 2020

King David I of Scotland & Queen Matilda of Northumberland & Earl Simon de Saint Liz

319832120. King David I of Scotland & 319832121. Queen Matilda of Northumberland & 318232098. Earl Simon de Saint Liz

10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.

~1068, Simon de Saint Liz born in Normandy, France.

~1073, Matilda born in Northumberland, England, d/o 639664242. Earl Waltheof of Northumberland & 639664243. Judith of Lens.

5/31/1076, Matilda’s father died.

1084, David born in Scotland, 4th s/o 378220550. King Malcolm III of Scotland & 378220551. Saint Margaret.

1085, David’s older brother Donald killed in battle.

9/26/1087, William II Rufus crowned King of England.

1087-90, Simon de Seynlyz created earl of Huntingdon and Northampton. (S) FMG.

[–––Simon & Matilda–––]

1090, in Huntingdonshire, England, Matilda 1st married Simon de Saint Lis, Earl of Huntingdon.

1090, Alice of Northumberland (79958531) became a ward of Simon de Saint Lis, Earl of Huntingdon [who had married her older sister.]

1090, Earl Simon witnessed a charter to Bath abbey. (S) FMG.

1093-1100, William Rufus, in a writ to Robert [Bloet], bishop of Lincoln, confirms the alms of Earl Simon to St. Andrew's. (S) Competer Peerage, Cokayne.

8/1093, David and his sister Maud [Matilda in England] were sent to the court of King William II of England.

11/13/1093, David’s father died at the battle of Alnwick.

By 11/16/1093, David’s brother Edward, wounded at Alnwick, and his mother both had died.

11/12/1094, David’s eldest bother King Duncan II murdered; his brother Edmund becoming joint-King with their uncle King Donald III.

11/27/1095, at Clermont, Pope Urban proposed the 1st crusade; with a new doctrine that the blood they shed would not be held against them.

1097, King Edmund and his uncle Donald deposed by brother Edgar with the help of his English uncle Edgar Aetheling, brother of his mother. [Edmund became a monk.]

3/1099, King Edgar appeared at King William’s court at Westminster to do homage.

8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. Earl Simon witnessed Henry’s coronation charter.

11/1100, King Henry I, after marrying David’s sister Matilda, gave David the honor of Huntingdon [manors in 11 counties], and made him Prince of Cumbria.

9/14/1101, Simon witnessed a charter of King Henry I to Bath St. Peter.

1101, Simon de St. Liz left on the minor crusade. Several groups left from various parts of Europe. The French and Burgundians left later than the Lombards.

5/19/1102, The crusaders at the battle of Ramla, after which most returned home.

1103, David, “brother of the Queen” witnessed the notia implementing an exchange of lands with Robert de Brus. (S) The Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P21.

1104-05, Simon returned to the Holy Lands.

4/1105, At the Easter court, Queen Matilda invited her brother David to watch her wash the feet of lepers ‘imitatio Christi’ [which David refused.] (S) Power of the Weak, Carpenter, 1995, P132. [King Henry was in Normandy.]

1105-07 at Cornbury, David, the Queen’s brother, attested a notification of a grant the monks of Abingdon.

1/8/1107, David’s brother Edgar died, David became king of Southern Scotland. His older brother Alexander I was unhappy at this arrangement but David had more knights than Alexander with which to defend his inheritance. (S) Church Historians of England, 1856, P120.

1107, Symon de St. Lice, Earle of Huntingdon, built the castle in Northampton and erected began the priory of St. Andrew. (S) Dictionarium Angliae, Lambarde, 1730, P231.

Bef. 8/11/1107 at Worcester, Simon the Earl witnessed King Henry’s letter to Samson the bishop, Urse of Abbetot and all his faithful barons … French and English … make free the Church of God; so that I will neither sell nor lease its property … [also witnessed by William, bishop-elect of Winchester, who was consecrated on this date, having been nominated in 1100.] (S) English Historical Documents, V2, Douglas, 1996, P427.

1108, Simon de St. Liz, witnessed the charter of William Peverel to Lenton abbey. (S) Journal – Brit. Arch. Assoc., 1900, P273.

1109, Simon witnesses the Longueville charter at Rouen, Normandy.

1109, Simon de St. Lis, Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton, and Maude his wife confirmed the gift by Robert de Foxton, son of Vitalis Palfrey, of certain churches, including that of Braybrooke, to Daventry Priory. (S) Braybrokke, Baildon, 1923, P5.

1110, Simon, earl of Northamton, founded St. Sepulchre church, Northampton. (S) British Library London.

1111, Simon gave the advowson of Eynesbury to St. Neots. (S) Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society, Vs59-62, 1996, P71. [Recovered by his descendent Saher de Quincy in 1204.]

1111, Earl Simon died in La Charite-Sur-Loir, Nievre, France returning from the Holy Land « terra sanctam » ; buried at the St. Andrew’s priory, Northampton.


1113, King David named in a charter to Selkirk.

1113, Foundation charter of St. Neot’s Priory: ‘… propria manu confirmavi. [seals] … Signum Davidis Comitis. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CVI.

[–––David & Matilda–––]

12/25/1113, King David married Matilda [aka Maud]; by arrangement of King Henry of England.

Winter/1113-14, King David in England, when he was appointed Earl of Huntingdon [by February]. (S) Charters of David I, Barrow, 1999, P53.

1114-16, Earl David witnessed the royal confirmation to Rainald, abbot of Ramsey.

1115, King David named in the Glasgow episcopal appointment.

12/25/1115, Earl David in England.

1116, Hugh de Morville a witness to the “Inquisitio Davidis” relating to the see of Glasgow.

12/1116, Notification … that the king, … appointed to that office Robert bishop of Lincoln … being present with the magnates of the realm, namely Robert count of Meulan, Stephen count of Mortain, Richard earl of Chester, William de Warrene, Earl David the queen’s brother, Walter earl of Buckingham, Ranulf the chancellor, … William Peverel, Pain his brother, … Hugh de Gornai.

1116-17, Earl David attested Queen Matilda’s notification of her grant to St. Peter’s of that which Hugh de Bocheland used to hold.

Bef. 1118, Matilda de Senlis, Queen of the Scots, made a request for confirmation of a donation to Saint Cuthbert of Thor.

Bef. 5/1/1118, King David confirmed the renewal of King Edgar’s gift of Swinton.

5/1/1118, King David’s sister, Queen of England, died.

1120, King David named in the Glasgow inquisition edict.

1120, ‘Matilde comitisse, Henrico filio comitis’ witnessed the charter under which ‘David comes filius Malcolmi Regis Scottorum’ founded the abbey of Selkirk. (S) FMG.

1/29/1121 at Windsor, Earl David witnessed a royal charter to Wesminster at the wedding of King Henry and Adeliza de Louvain.

7/1122, The wife of King David’s brother King Alexander died, without leaving Alexander with an heir. King Henry of England pushed for David to be designated the heir to his brother. [Soon after, David was designated as the heir.]

12/1122, King David met King Henry at York.

4/15/1123, King David at Winchester. (S) David I, Oram, 2004, P72.

6/1123, King David at Portsmouth with King Henry as they crossed to Normandy. (S) David I, Oram, 2004, P72.

1123-24, King David in service to King Henry in western Normandy. [During this time the castle of Brionne was captured.]

Bef. 4/27/1124, Queen Matilda witnessed [her husband] Earl David’s gift of 100s rent to Glasgow cathedral.

4/27/1124, David’s brother Alexander died; King David set off for Scotland, accompanied by many knights and courtiers from Norman England, many of whom became the future aristocrats and even kings of Scotland, including Bruce, Balliol and FitzAlan, implementing the feudal system. David gave Annandale to Norman knight Robert of Brus. King David addressed “all good men of my whole kingdom – Scottish, English, Anglo-Norman, and Gallovidians”.

1125, King David in conflict with Pope Honorius II over freedom of action associated with the church in Scotland.

4/23/1126-3/4/1127, Henry of Northumberland a consentor to a gift of King David of lands in Lothian.

12/1126, King Henry held his Christmas court at Windsor. David, king of the Scots, was in attendance. (S) An Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Swanton, 1998, P256.

1/1/1127, Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry, accepted by her father’s barons as the heir to the crown. Matilda’s uncle, King David of Scotland, and her cousin, Stephen, count of Mortain, were the 1st two to do homage. [Followed by Robert, earl of Gloucester, half-brother of Matilda.]

7/17/1127, King David gives notice that Robert bishop of St Andrews declared that he claimed no custom and nothing in law against the church of Coldingham.

7/17/1127-1131, Queen Matilda consented to renewal of previous gifts of herself and the King.

Bef. 9/5/1128, King David gives notice that Thurstan archbishop of York has consecrated Robert bishop of St Andrews without profession of obedience, saving the claim of the church of York and saving justice for Saint Andrew.

1129-30, King David spent a year in England, during which time coins were minted at Huntingdon.

4/1130, Countess Matilda of Northumberland died in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.


1130, The trial of treason against Geoffrey de Clinton took place at Woodstock before King Henry and King David of Scotland. (S) Aristocracy of Norman England, Green, 2002, P289.

Bef. 9/29/1130, King David returned to Scotland.

1130, David had to deal with the rebellion of the Earl of Morway in alliance with Gillebrigte of Argyll. [The war would last 4 years.]

By 1131, King David to Robert, bishop of Lincoln, and Hugh, sheriff of Leicester; he has given and granted to St Andrew's priory, Northampton, the church of Potton (Beds.); he commands that his monks should hold it in free alms.

1131, King David listed on the pipe rolls in England right before Hugh de Moreville.

1134, King David defeated and captured Malcom, earl of Moray; and Gillebrigte of Argyll submitted and retained his throne as a vassal of the King.

1134, King David negotiated the marriage of his vassal, Maddad, earl of Atholl, to Margaret, d/o the overlord of Orkney, gaining the Scots stature in maritime might.

1135, With the death of King Henry I, David attempted to push the border south, invading Northumberland. King Stephen marched his Flemish army north in resistance.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned King of England, violating his oath to Empress Matilda, d/o Hing Henry I, and throwing England into civil war.

3/1136, King David made peace with King Stephen, agreeing to resign his English earldoms to Stephen’s brother Henry. Stephen also obtained the castles of Doncaster and Carlisle, while David’s son got Huntingdon under homage to Henry.

7/7/1136, ‘Fergus de Galweia’ witnessed a charter by King David I granting Perdeyc to the church of Glasgow. [The earls of Fife and Strathearn were also in attendance.] (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P91.

1136-37, King David has granted and given to Arnulf, his knight, Swinton, in feu and heritage.

12/1137, King Stephen refused the request of King David that his son Henry be made Earl of Northumberland.

1/1138, The Scots invaded Northumberland. King David with a large force occupied Corbridge on the Tyne.

2/2/1138, King Stephen of England arrived in Northumbria with a large force; King Stephen burned a large area and then retreated south before Lent.

4/15/1138, King David re-entered Northumberland; devasting the seacoast as well as the territory of St. Cuthbert; and then again retreated north; laying siege to St. Cuthbert. Geoffrey, bishop of Durham, supported by only 9 knights, surrendered.

5-7/1138, King David unsuccessfully laid siege to Wark.

5-7/1138, King David was joined by John son of Eustace who held Alnwick, Northumberland; and together they attacked Yorkshire.

8/22/1138, at the Battle of the Standard near Northallerton, David did not follow up an attack by the Scottish knights [led by his son Henry] and decided to leave the field of battle. While it was by no means a rout, the English army had clearly won the day. [But they did not press their advantage and left David with significant power.]

1138, King David founded by charter Melrose abbey. (S) The History and Antiquities of Roxburghshire, V4, Jeffrey, 1864, P187.

4/9/1139 at Durham, Queen Matilda [maternally a Scot] acting for her husband King Stephen, for the sake of peace, surrendered all of Northumberland to David with the exception of 2 castles, and recognized Scotland as an independent kingdom. This agreement also required 5 hostages be sent to England, one being David’s son Henry.

8/16/1139, King David has given and granted Edrom and Nisbet to the church of St Mary and St Cuthbert, Coldingham.

1140, David had to deal with the rebellion of the Bishop of the Isles.

6/14/1140, King David has given and granted to St Mary's, Haddington, and to St Andrews cathedral, in perpetual alms, Clerkington.

1140, Queen Maud commanded that the monks of St. Andrews priory, Northampton, be put in possession of 40s annually.

2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen of England was captured and brought to Empress Matilda.

1141, King David’s Scottish occupation of northern England. (S) Medieval Scotland, Barrow, 1998, P90.

1141 at Oxford, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed the creation by Empress Matilda of Milo of Gloucester as earl of Hereford. [Other witnesses were King David of Scotland, and Robert, earl of Gloucester.]

9/14/1141, King David part of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2011, P169.

11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged King Stephen for her half-brother Robert of Gloucester.

12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war in England would continue for 12 more years.]

12/6/1142, Pope Innocent II writes to King David I noting the seizure of the church at Durham by William Comyn, the subsequent havoc, and the excommunication of William and his accomplices. David is exhorted to not permit the church at Durham to be disturbed by William or by anyone else.

4/23/1144-3/25/1145, King David has given and confirmed the church and the land of Lesmahagow  in free and perpetual alms to Kelso Abbey.

1145, On the marriage of Richard Comyn & Hextilde FitzWaltheof, King David of Scotland granted Richard and his wife Hextilde the inheritance of Uchtred Fitz Waltheof, father of Hextilde. The land included the manor of Linton Roderick, Roxburghshire.

5/3/1147, King David has granted to Coldingham Priory the gift which Cospatric, brother of Dolfin, has given of Edrom and Nisbet.

1147, King David annexed the territories of Orkney and Moray under direct royal authority.

6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy [never returning to England]; effectively ending the civil war in England.

1148, Scotland suffered a severe famine. [The Abbot of Melrose, Waltheof, step son of David I, miraculously fed 4,000 peasants who were camped around the abbey for 3 months.]

5/1149 at Carlisle, King David attempted to build an alliance to put Henry [II] on the throne of England. The alliance fell apart when Ranulph, earl of Chester, who attended the meeting, switched allegiance back to King Stephen.

5/22/1149 at Carlisle, King David knighted his nephew Henry fitz Empress [future King Henry II of England], and Roger, earl of Hereford. (S) Henry II, Hosler, 2007, P37.

1150, King David has given and granted a full toft in the burgh of Haddington to St Andrews Priory in perpetual alms.

1150, King David built a line of strategic castles in the north.

1150-6/12/1152, King David, with the assent of Earl Henry and Queen Matilda, has granted various gifts and privileges to Dunfermline Abbey.

6/15/1151, Pope Eugene III writes to King David noting that the church of York has not ceased its complaints about the bishops of his land and orders King David to compel them, if they are unwilling, to obey the church of York as their metropolis.

Aft. 6/12/1152, King David has granted, and by his charter established, to Whitby Abbey the alms that Alan de Percy and his brother, Geoffrey, gave.

1153, King David I, grandfather of Malcom, eldest son of his son Henry, and now his heir, sent him on a tour of Scotland. Fergus escorted Malcolm in Galloway. (S) Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, Agnew, 1893, P60.

5/24/1153, King David died at Carlisle, Northumberland; buried in Dumferline abbey next to his father, mother and brothers.

(S) English Historical Documents, Douglas, 1996, P326. (S) CH&I.H.II.. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) Numistatic History of the Reign of Henry I, Andrew, 1901. (S) Gothic Kings of Britain, Potter, 2009, P135ff. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919.

Family notes:

King David established a feudal system in Scotland and introduced many novel ideas such as silver coinage, promoting education and giving audiences to rich and poor alike. Stirling, Perth and Dunfermline were made royal burghs which meant that they could engage in foreign trade. David also founded 15 religious houses.

It is likely that Earl David fought with King Henry at the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106.

Children of Simon and Matilda:

i. Simon de Senlis (486787858), born ~1097 in England.

ii. Maud de Saint Liz (159116049), born ~1105 in England.

Child of David and Matilda:

i. Henry of Northumberland (159916060), born 1114 in Scotland.

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