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Saturday, September 5, 2020

Count Tommaso of Savoy & Countessa Margaret of Geneva

 47277574. Count Tommaso of Savoy & 47277575. Countessa Margaret of Geneva

3/20/1177, Thomas born in Savoy, s/o 94555148. Humbert III of Savoy & 94555149. Beatrice of Viennois.

~1180, Margaret [aka Beatrix in Savoi] born in Geneva, Savoy, d/o §Count William I of Geneva & Countessa Béatrix de Faucigny.

3/4/1189, Tommaso succeeded his father as a minor; left in the wardship of Boniface, marquis of Montferrat.

6/10/1190, Emperor Frederick I died; succeeded by his son Henry VI.

6/12/1189, ‘Thomas … Mauriannensis comes et marchio Italiæ’ confirmed the donations made by ‘pater meus … [et] domini comitis Humberti … abavi mei’ to the canons of Saint-Jean de Maurienne, with the advice of ‘B. matris mee et … tutore meo Bonifacio marchione Montisferrati.’ (S) FMG.

8/1191, Tommaso of age.

1192, Thomas drove back the invading forces of Asti [a town in Piedmont.]

[––Thomas & Margaret––]

1195, Tommaso kidnapped Margaret of Geneva while she was traveling to Paris to become the wife of King Philip II of France. He married Margaret himself. [King Philip was already married, but wanted to repudiate the marriage.]

1196, Tommaso married Margaret.

5/1197, Count Thomas of Savoy in residence at Rivalta.

9/28/1197, Emperor Henry VI died [his son Frederick II was only 4]; succeeded by Philip of Swabia [brother of Henry], who was opposed in succession [until 1206] by Otto IV [who succeeded after Philip’s death, but was replaced by Frederick II by instance of Pope Innocent III].

1197, On the death of Emperor Henry, Thomas allied himself with a north-western group against Boniface, bishop of Turin [his prevouis guardian.]

1/1198, Thomas in residence at Susa [where he confirmed his grandfather’s charters to the town.]

2/25/1198, Thomæ comitis et marchionis … et … Nichola filia comitis Gebennarum’ granted privileges to the citizen of Susa. (S) FMG.

3/1198, Thomas in residence at Miradolo [where he granted a fixed tax instead of tallage].

1198, Pope Innocent III succeeded Celestine III. [The Savoys were aligned with the papal interests.]

10/1198, Thomas was in residence in the Commune of Ivrea.

3/5/1200, Thomas was in the Alps where he issued a document dealing with lands in Burgundy: ‘Thomas comes Sabaud. et Amedeus eius filius’ granted rights to the abbey of San Marco. (S) FMG.

6/1200, Thomas marched an army south against Saluzzo, reaching S. Ambrogio in the Val de Susa. [Thomas’ father had compelled Manfred, marquis of Saluzzo to acknowledge himself as a vassal of Savoy.]

1200, Thomas marched on the Stura di Demonte, but retreated after a concession of money.

1203, Berthold V of Zahringen invaded Geneva taking Thomas’ castle of Blonay. Count Thomas defeated Berthold at Chillon in a battle between the mountains and a lake; capturing Berthold. Thomas then invaded Berthold’s lands to the north capturing the town of Moudon in Vaud. The bishop of Lausanne, who had supported Berthold, lost two castles.

By 1/1205, Thomas had made peace agreements with Berthold and the bishop.

5/28/1207, Thomas, count of Savoy, attending King Philip of Swabia [King of the Romans] at Basel, witnessed 2nd after Berthold V a document of King Philip.

6/1/1207, Thomas comes Sabaudiae, attending King Philip of Swabia at Basel, received large land grants [restoration of former lands] in Piedmont, and the towns of Moudon in Vaud, and Chieri and Testona in Lombardy.

1208, Thomas decided to join the Albigensian crusade with his brother-in-law William of Geneva. [Crusading in southern France against the Cathars.]

6/1208, King Philip of Swabia was murdered; succeeded by Otto IV [who secretly gave authority to the archbishop of Turin to attack the Vaudois valley of Thomas.]

1208, Thomas returned from crusading because of the outbreak of war after the death of Philip.

1210, Count Thomas joined Emperor Otto IV at Ferrara and accompanied him to Turin.

1211, Thomas I of Savoy entered into a pact with the bishop of Geneva. Thomas raised an army and marched against the count of Geneva, capturing towns and castles. Thomas advanced to the walls of Geneva, demanding money to compensate his costs. [Eventually the citizens re-aligned themselves with the count of Geneva.] The count of Geneva, attacking Thomas, lost to Thomas in battle; who then captured Geneva, killing many of the citizens. (S) Eight Volumes of Letters, Marana, 1754, P181.

1211, Berthold V of Zahringen again invaded Geneva. Count Thomas defeated Berthold at Ulrichen, near the Grimsel Pass.

10/19/1211, At Hautcret abbey, Count Thomas and Berthold V made a peace treaty; Berthold ceding Moudon and Romont to Thomas.

1212, The town of Pinerolo voluntarily transferred their allegiance to Thomas [because of his charters with his towns giving popular liberties.]

1215, Count Thomas marched forces south into Italy in support of Otto IV. He attacked the territories of the Ghibeline marquises of Montferrat and Saluzzo, destroying St. Evasio. [During this war Manfred II of Saluzzo died and his wife Alasia attempted unsuccessfully to carry on the war.]

12/30/1216, Alasia of Saluzzo [grandmother of (47279556)] acknowledged Saluzzo as a vassal state of Thomas, count of Savoy.

1216, Pope Honorius III succeeded Innocent III.

11/8/1217, ‘Thomas Maurianensis comes et marchio’ donated property to the abbey of Saint-Maurice, with the consent of ‘filiis suis Amedeo et Humberto.’ (S) FMG.

5/19/1218, Emperor Otto IV died; succeeded by his son Frederick II.

1218, On the death of Berthold, duke of Zahringen, Frederick II divided up his lands, some going to the Count of Savoy. (S) History of Frederick II, Kington-Oliphant, 1862, P167.

1220, All of Piedmont ceded to Thomas, count of Savoy.

1220, Thomas rewarded the town of Pinerolo with a free charter of liberties.

1220, Thomas, count of Savoy, threatened anyone showing hospitality to the Waldenses [considered heretics because they translated the bible into common language and lived outside of the Catholic church] with fines. (S) History of the Christian Church, V5, Pt1, 1907, P499.

1222, Monfred II’s son, Manfred III of Saluzzo, allied himself with Turin and went to war with Thomas, count of Savoy.

3/4/1223, To end the wars with Saluzzo, Thomas arranged for 2 daughters of his eldest son Amadeus to marry. Beatrice was to marry Manfred III of Saluzzo, and Margaret was to marry Boniface IV of Montferrat [married 3/4/1223].

1224, An agreement between ‘Thomæ com. Sabaud’ and the bishop of Sion, witnessed by ‘ipse Thomas comes, Amedeus primogenitus illius, Comitissa uxor Thomæ, eorum quatuor filii clerici … Willelmus, Thomas, Petrus et Bonifacius.’ (S) FMG.

1225, Thomas sent 120 Burgundian [Savoyard] lances to aid Genoa in war against Vercelli.

1226, Thomas, count of Savoy, granted by treaty of Emperor Frederick to the commonalty of Marseilles, the privilege of establishing consuls at Acre, Syria, Sicily and Pouille, and given jurisdiction over those lands. Thomas also named Vicar of Lombardy and the March of Treviso [Turin]. (S) Origin, Nature, Progress and Influence of Consular Establishments, Warden, 1813, P56. [Turin refused allegiance.]

1226, Thomas sent his son Amadeus to govern the cities of Albenga and Savona, which had withdrawn themselves from Genoa.

12/1227, ‘M. comitissa Maurian. uxor Thomæ comitis Maurianensis et marchionis Italiæ’ donated property, with the consent of ‘Thomas com. Maurianæ et filii mei Amedeus (94559114) et Aymo’. (S) FMG.

7/13/1228, By a pact, Turin, Testona, and Pinerolo alligned themselves with Andrew, dauphin of Vienne, against Thomas, count of Savoy.

1230, Milan and Guelph allies attacked Monfterrat, Asti, and Saluzzo, and then entered Savoy. They were defeated in battle by Thomas and their leader Uberto de Osino was killed.

2/26/1231, ‘M. comitissa Sabaudie et marchisa in Ytalia et … Amedeus, Aymo, W. electus Valentinus, Thomas, Petrus, Bonifacius et Philippus filii Thome Comitis Sab. et marchionis in Ytalia’ confirmed donations to Hautecombe abbey. (S) FMG.

1231, Milian again attacked Savoy and was again defeated by Thomas and their leader Ardighetto Marcellino was killed.

1231, Honorius III began the Inquisition in Italy.

1232, Thomas captured Moncaliere, and unsuccessfully laid seige to Turin, during which time he became ill.

1232, Thomas bought Chambery [now in France, 46 miles southwest of Geneva] for 32,000 sols of Susa. (S) Encyclopedia Britannica, V5, 1902, P381. [Which eventually replaced Aiguebelle as the family residence.]

1232, ‘Beatrix uxor comitis Thomæ, Amadeus primogenitus et Aymo filii eius’ confirmed the purchase of Chambéry by ‘Thoma comite’, with the seal of ‘Beatricis comitisse Sabaudie’.  (S) FMG.

1/22/1233, Thomas, count of Savoy & marquis of Italy, died; buried at the abbey of St. Michael della Chiusa.


2/24/1240, ‘Amedeus comes Sabaudie et in Italie marchio’  granted "villam S. Mauritii de Chablaisio’  to ‘soror illorum Margareta comitissa de Kiborch’. (S) FMG.

1/4/1244, ‘Contessa Margarita di Savoia Marchesa in Italia’ donated property to ‘Tomaso suo figlio Conte di Fiandra e d'Hainaut’ with the consent of ‘Conte Amedeo di Savoia suo figlio Primogenito’. (S) FMG.

4/8/1257, Margaret of Geneva died, leaving her daughter all her possessions in the Alps. She founded a hospital at Les Echelles for the knights of St. John of Jerusalem to care for the poor and left money to almshouses and hospitals and for the repair of roads and bridges as well as to retainers and relatives.

(S) Early History of the House of Savoy. (S) History of Piedmont, V2, Gallenga, 1855. (S) Hist. of Piedmont, V2, Gallenga, P76ff.

Family notes:

·         The sons were influential as uncles of the daughters of Beatrice, all 4 of whom became queens of England, France, Germany, and Sicily.

·         Historic Savoy overlapped parts of modern day France, Italy and Switzerland, where the 3 come together.

Children of Thomas and Margaret:

i. Amadeus IV de Savoia (94559114), born 1197 in Savoy, Italy.

ii. William de Savoia, born 1201 in Savoy.

1236, William went to England with his neice who was to marry King Henry III.

1238, William elected bishop of Liege.

1239, William died.

iii. Boniface de Savoia, born ? in Savoy.

1241, Boniface elected as archbishop of Canterbury.

7/18/1270, Boniface died. (S) Major Saints Ancestry, Starr, 2010, P204.

[1839, Boniface beatified.]

v. Thomas de Savoia, born 1203 in Savoy.

1237, Thomas married Joan of Flanders and Hainault, becoming count of Flanders.

Thomas, count of Piedmont.

1259, Thomas died.

vi. Beatrice of Savoia (23638787), born 1206-07 in Savoy.

vii. Peter de Savoia, born 1208 in Savoy.

2/1234, Peter married his cousin Agnes, heiress & d/o Aymon, count of Faucigny.

1237, Peter captured in battle by William, count of Geneva.

1240, Peter, count of Romont, went to England [and served King Henry III for many years].

1263, Peter, count of Savoy on the death of his nephew Boniface.

1268, Peter died.

viii. Philip de Savoia, born aft. 1209 in Savoy.

Philip, bishop of Valence [succeeding his brother.]

Philip, archbishop of Lyon.

1268, Philip, count of Savoy [succeeding his brother Peter.]

1285, Philip died, succeeded by Amadeus V, s/o his brother Thomas.

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