~1335, Margaret born in England, d/o 30422824. Lord Ralph de Neville & 30422825. Alice de Audley.
[––Margaret & William––]
8/28/1339, Margaret married to William de Roos, 3rd Lord Roos of Helmsley, s/o Lord William de Roos. [No children.]
11/10/1341, Henry born in England, heir & s/o 15210584. Henry de Percy & 15210585. Mary of Lancaster.
5/15/1342, “The king greets … when William de Roos, son of our beloved and faithful William de Roos of Helmsley, marries Margaret, daughter of our beloved and faithful Ralph de Neville, William the son is of so young an age that he cannot consent to the marriage. Therefore a divorce between him and Margaret could possibly by chance occur in the future, and William’s marriage could belong to us if his father, who holds of us in chief, died during his minority. … we have granted him [Ralph de Neville] of our gift whatever belongs or could belong to us in the aforesaid marriage. … Witnessed by the king at Westminster. (S) Women of the English Nobility, Ward, 1995, P37.
6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.
2/26/1351, Henry’s grandfather of the same name died.
1352, William de Roos died overseas.
[––Henry & Margaret––]
7/12/1358 at Brancepeth, Durham, Henry married Margaret, widow of William de Roos, 3rd Lord Roos of Helmsley.
9/1/1362, Henry’s mother died.
8/6/1363, Pardon, at the request of Henry son of Henry de Percy, to John de Lekyngfeld, indicted of having with others ravished Alice Dependen against her will and stolen from Isabel Kendale and Alice Whithfeld, nun of Berkyng … (S) CPRs.
10/8/1363, Henry de Percy, ‘le fitz,’ going beyond seas, has letters nominating Ralph de Nevill … (S) CPRs.
9/29/1364, The army of Charles of Blois was defeated by John IV, Duke of Brittany, and English forces under Sir John Chandos.
6/10/1366, Pardon, at the request of Henry de Percy,’le filz,’ and the king’s yeoman, John Herlyng, usher of the chamber, to John Faukes … (S) CPRs.
12/28/1366, Whereas Henry de Percy ‘le piere’ by charter, lately enfeoffed William de Neuport … with remainder to Henry, his son, in fee ; … Cletop, … which Idonia, the grantor’s grandmother, held in dower … should remain to the said Henry son of Henry, in fee, … Henry, after receiving the attornment of Idonia, re-granted the remainder to the said Henry ‘le piere’ for life, and Idonia attorned to him, … (S) CPRs.
1/2/1367, Pardon, at the request of Henry son of Henry de Percy, … (S) CPRs.
6/8/1367, Commission to Gilbert de Umframvill, earl of Angus, Henry de Percy, the younger, … ill-treated … county of Northumberland … (S) CPRs.
5/18/1368, Henry’s father died.
1369, Henry’s step-mother died.
10/22/1369, IPM of Joan late the wife of Henry de Percy, ‘le piere.’ [multiple counties] Lincoln: … Mary, daughter of the deceased and the said Henry de Percy, aged 2 years and more, is her heir. London: … The present Henry de Percy, aged 26 years, is son and heir of her said husband, and the reversion belongs to him. (S) CIsPM.
6/18/1371, Henry de Percy, keepter of Berwick castle. (S) Cal. of Doc’s Relating to Scotland.
5/1372, Margaret died; buried in North Allerton, Yorkshire. (S) The Hist. & Antiq’s of North Allerton, 1858, P246.
5/20/1372, IPM of Margaret late the wife of Henry de Percy, knight. Writ after the death of the said Margaret, who held certain lands &c. of the king in chief in dower or otherwise for life of the inheritance of William de Roos of Hamelak, knight, formerly her husband. [multiple counties, many properties] … William the father died, and William the son died without issue by Margaret, who was married after the death of her husband by Henry de Percy. Thomas de Roos, son and heir of William the father … The said Thomas de Roos of Hamelak, knight, aged 30 years and more … (S) CIsPM. [Beatrice is wife of Thomas.]
12/12/1372, Commission to Th. bishop of Durham, Gilbert de Umframvill, earl of Angus, Henry de Percy, … to make proclamation in all cities … no one sell wool or wool-fells of the growth of England for export to Scotland under pain of forfeiture … (S) CPRs.
6/9/1373, Pardon to Henry de Percy and John de Felton, ‘chivaler,’ for acquiring … 2 parts of the castle and manor of Skelton in Clyveland … (S) CPRs.
6/19/1373 at Warkworth castle, Henry preparing to travel to France; ratified charters to Alnwick abbey.
8/1274, Henry de Percy and William, earl of Douglas, were in dispute over possession of Jedworth forest. Roger de Clifford was appointed a commissioner to settle the dispute. (S) DNB, V11, 1887, P74.
12/1/1376, Henry summoned to Parliament.
4/28/1376–7/6/1376, Henry 1 of 4 barons at the Good Parliament.
8/15/1376, 13 knights and 120 nobility and chief persons attended a banquet given by the Abbot of Alnwick at the abbey for his patron Henry de Percy. (S) A History of Northumberland, Part 2, V1, 1827, P34.
12/1/1376, John, Duke of Lancaster, acting on the king’s authority, appointed Henry as Marshal of England, replacing the Earl of March.
7/16/1377, Henry created Earl of Northumberland at the coronation of Richard II.
10/7/1378, Appointment … Scardeburgh … of the king’s kinsman, Henry, earl of Northumberland, … make dispositions … enquire touching the condition of the castle … (S) CPRs.
3/20/1380, Gilbert Umfravill, earl of Angos, Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, John de Nevill of Raby, … to array and equi[ all the men in the county between the ages of 16 and 60 … to resist foreign invastion. (S) CPRs.
Bef. 12/15/1381, Henry married 2nd Maud de Lucy, widow of Gilbert de Umfreville, d/o Thomas, 2nd Lord Lucy & Agnes de Beaumont. [No children.]
1381, “Memorandum of membership of a parliamentary committee in connection with the king's mint at the Tower of London … [Thomas Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick; [Henry Percy], Earl of Northumberland; [John], Lord Cobham; Sir Guy de Bryen' (Brian); …” (S) UKNA.
11/11/1382, Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, the king’s cousin, granted a market and fair at Seamer, East Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
2/1383, Henry turned away John, Duke of Lancaster, who was returning from Scotland. [John had become very unpopular at the time.]
5/8/1383, Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, the king’s cousin, granted a market and fair at Leconfield, North Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.
12/1/1385, Commission of peace … John, duke of Lancaster, Henry, earl of Northumberland, Roger de Clifford, … [multiple counties] … (S) CPRs.
3/26/1386, Appointment of Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, Robert de Wilughby, John de Beaumont, Ralph de Cromwell, Philip le Despenser, … William de Burgh, … to enquire by jury of the county of Lincoln … (S) CPRs.
3/24/1387, The fleet of Admiral Richard Fitzalan off Margate, defeated a combined Flemish, French, and Spanish fleet, taking no less than 100 ships, great and small, all laden with wines, comprising 19,000 tons.
11/27/1387, Appointment, … Thomas Tryret, owner of la Kateryne of Sandewych, a ship much battered in the king’s service in the late expedition of Henry, earl of Northumberland, … (S) CPRs.
8/10/1388, Henry Percy and his son Henry at the Battle of Otterburn in Northumberland, against invading Scots led by James, earl of Douglas. Henry the son was captured by Sir John Montgomery, but ransomed. The English began a fullscale assault near sundown. They were flanked by the Scots under the cover of night and defeated. The earl of Douglas died in the battle, but his death was hidden to preserve the fight of the Scots. [Froissart says 1040 English captured and 1860 killed. Scottish estimates were 200-500 killed.]
12/2/1389, Henry, earl of Northumberland, warden of the castle of Berwick upon Tweed. (S) CPRs.
1391, Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed; Sir Ralph de Lumley his deputy.
8/6/1394, Commission to Thomas, bishop of Carlisle, William, lord of Dacre, … on the petition of Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, and Maud, his wife, … charter granted to Anthony de Lucy, grandfather of the said Maud … Cokirmouth, co. Cumberland, … (S) CPRs.
1397, “Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland … Percy requests that the king will grant him the manor, honour and lordship of Petworth and the hundred and half-hundred of Rotherbridge and Bury which the king retained in his hand after he granted the earl the castle and lordship of Arundel.” (S) UKNA.
12/18/1398, “Maud wife of Henry (Percy) earl of Northumberland: Suffolk, Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Northumberland, Cumberland” died. (S) UKNA.
7/4/1399, Henry Bolingbroke [1st cousin of Richard II] landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.]
1399, Henry and his son involved in placing King Henry IV on the throne. [H.IV s/o John, duke of Lancaster.]
10/13/1399, Henry IV crowned king of England.
1401-2, “Quitclaim by Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland and Constable of England, and Henry de Percy his son, to Sir William de Curwen, of all his right and claim in the manors of Wirkyngton, Seton, and Thornthwayte in Derwentfelles.” (S) UKNA.
9/14/1402, Henry and his son victorious over the Scots at the battle of Homildon Hill. Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas, had penetrated deeply into England. On his return to Scotland, he faced the Percy’s supported by George Dunbar, Earl of March. The English weakened the Scots with an assault of arrows from the longbows. Then a calvary attack routed the Scots, Douglas being captured. The King ordered Douglas be turned over to him – creating a rift between the King and the Percy’s.
3/9/1403, Commission to John, lord of Lovell, Stephen Lescrope the son, Henry Lescrope, ‘chivaler,’ Henry FitzHugh, ‘chivlaer,’ Thomas Erpyngham, ‘chivaler,’ … about divers Scotch prisoners captured in the battle of Humbledon by … people of the retinue of the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmorland, who was with the king in Wales, and the people of the king’s kinsmen Henry, earl of Northumberland, and Henry de Percy the son; … judges in the king’s military court … Henry the son is judge on the matters in the marches of Scotland and they cannot act honestly on account of their interests. (S) CPRs.
6/1403, Henry brought his 3 sons to Pontefract to meet with King Henry IV.
7/21/1403, The battle of Shrewsbury, the Percy’s fighting against the king. The first occasion where massed troops armed with the longbow were pitted against each other on English soil. The Percys had about 14,000 men, King Henry is believed to have had more. Henry (3802646) “Hotspur” Percy and his brother Thomas were killed. [7000 horse were said to be looted after the battle.]
7/27/1403, Commission … to assemble all knights … and bring them to the king in person at Pontefract … to go with him against Henry, earl of Northumberland, who has risen in insurrection … (S) CPRs.
3/22/1404, Henry attended when summoned to a council at Westminster.
1/3/1405, The king summoned Henry to be at Winchester by the 14th. Henry excused himself as being of great age and feeble.
2/1405 at Bangor, Owen Glendower, Henry, and Edmund de Mortimer made the “Tripartite Indenture” by which they would divide England after the overthrough of Henry IV.
1405, Henry involved in treasonable plots with the Earl of March.
1405, When royal forces numbering 37,000 under Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland, marched northward, Earl Henry fled to Scotland. Henry’s allied leaders, Archbishop Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, were captured and beheaded.
7/1/1405, Warworth castle fell to the royal forces.
1406, Earl Henry attained in parliament.
1407, Earl Henry, with the support of Thomas Bardolph and some Scots, recrossed into England. He was trapped by royal forces at Braham Moor in Yorkshire.
2/19/1407, Henry, 4th Lord Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, slain at the battle of Bramham Moor, Yorkshire, fighting against Henry IV. Thomas Rokeby, sheriff of Yorkshire, commanded the royal forces. Thomas Bardolph also died in the battle. This ended the Percy revolt.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P653.
Children of Henry and Margaret: [4 sons, 1 daughter]
i. Henry Percy (3802646), born 3/20/1364 in England.